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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a-
MEANING:
without
EXAMPLE:
asepsis [ā-SĚP-sĭs], without living organisms
ab-, abs-
MEANING:
away from (opposite of ad)
EXAMPLE:
abduct [ăb-DŬKT], to draw away from a position
ad-
MEANING:
toward, to (opposite of ab)
EXAMPLE:
adduct [ă-DŬKT], to draw toward the body, as a limb
ambi-
MEANING:
both, around
EXAMPLE:
ambidextrous [ăm-bē-DĚKS-trŭs], having ability on both the right and left sides (said of the hands)
ante-
MEANING:
before
EXAMPLE:
antemortem [ĂN-tē-mŏr-těm], before death
anti-
MEANING:
against
EXAMPLE:
antibacterial [ĂN-tē-băk-TĒR-ē-ăl], preventing the growth of bacteria
dys-
MEANING:
abnormal; difficult
(opposite of eu)
EXAMPLE:
dysfunctional [dĭs-FŬNK-shŭn-ăl], functioning abnormally
end-
MEANING:
within
EXAMPLE:
endoabdominal [ĒN-dō-ăb-DŎM-ĭ-năl], within the abdomen
epi-
MEANING:
over
EXAMPLE:
epicondyle [ěp-ĭ-KŎn-dīl], projection over or near the condyle
eu-
MEANING:
well, good, normal
(opposite of dys)
EXAMPLE:
eupepsia [yū-PĚP-sē-ă], normal digestion
ex-
MEANING:
out of, away from
EXAMPLE:
exhale [ĚXS-hāl], breath out
exo-
MEANING:
external, on the outside
EXAMPLE:
exogenous [ěks-ŎJ-ě-nŭs], produced outside of the organism
hemi-
MEANING:
half
EXAMPLE:
hemiplegia [hěm- ĭ-PLĒ-jē-ă], paralysis on one side of the body
hyper-
MEANING:
above normal; overly
(opposite hypo)
EXAMPLE:
hyperactive [hī-pěr-ĂK-tĭv], abnormally restless and inattentive
hypo-
MEANING:
below normal
(opposite of hyper)
EXAMPLE:
hypoglycemia [hī-pō-glī-Sē-mē-ă], low blood sugar
inter-
MEANING:
between
(don't confuse with intra)
EXAMPLE:
interdental [ĭn-těr-DĚN-tăl], between the teeth
intra-
MEANING:
within
(don’t confuse with inter)
EXAMPLE:
intramuscular [ĬN-tră-MŬS-kyū- lăr], within the substance of the muscles
iso-
MEANING:
equal, same
EXAMPLE:
isometric [i-sō-MĚT-rĭk], of the same dimensions
mal-
MEANING:
bad; inadequate
EXAMPLE:
malabsorption [măl-ăb-SŎRP-shŭn], inadequate absorption
meg(a)-, megal(o)
MEANING:
large
EXAMPLE:
megacephaly [měg-ă-SĚF-ă-lē], abnormal enlargement of the head
mes-
MEANING:
middle, median
EXAMPLE:
mesoderm [MĚS-ō-děrm], the middle layer of skin
meta-
MEANING:
after
EXAMPLE:
metacarpus [MĚT-ă-ĂR-pŭs], bones attached to the carpus
micr(o)-
MEANING:
small, microscopic
EXAMPLE:
microplasia [Mī-krō-PLĀ-zhē-ă], stunted growth, as in dwarfism
mon(o)-
MEANING:
single
EXAMPLE:
monomania [mŏn-ō-MĀ-nē-ă], obsession with a single thought or idea
multi-
MEANING:
many
EXAMPLE:
multiarticular [MŬL-tē-ăr-TĬK-yū- lăr], involving many joints
pan-, pant(o)-
MEANING:
all, entire
EXAMPLE:
panarthritis [păn-ăr-THRĪ-tĭs], arthritis involving all joints
per-
MEANING:
through, intensely
EXAMPLE:
peraxillary [pěr-ĂK-sĭ-lār-ē], through the axilla
peri-
MEANING:
around, about, near
EXAMPLE:
periappendicitis [ PĚR-ē-a-pěn-dĭ-SĪtĭs], inflammation of the tissue surrounding the appendix
poly-
MEANING:
many
EXAMPLE:
polyarteritis [pŏl-ē-ăr-těr-Ī-tĭs], inflammation of a number of arteries
post-
MEANING:
after, following
EXAMPLE:
postmortem [pŏst-MŎR-těm], after death
pre-
MEANING:
before
EXAMPLE:
prenatal [prē-NĀ-tăl], before birth
pro-
MEANING:
before, foward
EXAMPLE:
prodrome [PRŌ-drōm], a symptom or group of symptoms that occurs before a disease shows up
sub-
MEANING: less than, under, inferior
(opposite of super)
EXAMPLE:
subcutaneous [sŭb-kyū-TĀ-nē-ŭs]; beneath the skin
super-
MEANING:
more than, above, superior
(opposite of sub)
EXAMPLE:
superacute [sŭ-pěr-ă-KYŪT], more acute
supra-
MEANING:
above, over
EXAMPLE:
supramaxillary [sŭ-pră-MĂK-sĭ- lār-ē], above the maxilla
tachy-
MEANING:
fast
EXAMPLE: tachycardia [TĂK- i-KAR-de-a], rapid heartbeat
-ad
MEANING:
toward
EXAMPLE: cephalad [SĚF-ă-lăd], toward the head
-algia
MEANING:
pain
EXAMPLE:
neuralgia [nŭr-ăs-THĒ-ně-ă], condition with vague symptoms, such as weakness
-crine
MEANING:
secreting
EXAMPLE: endocrine [ĚN-dō-krĭn], gland that secretes
hormones into the bloodstream
-cyte
MEANING:
cell
EXAMPLE: Thrombocyte [THRŎM-bō-sīt], blood platelet
- cytosis
MEANING:
condition of cells
EXAMPLE:
Erythrocytosis [ě-RĬTH-rō-sī-tō-sĭs], condition with an abnormal number of red blood cells in the blood
-derma
MEANING:
condition of cells
EXAMPLE: scleroderma [sklēr-ō-DĚR-mă], hardening of the skin
-dynia
MEANING:
pain
EXAMPLE:
neurodynia [nūr-ō- DĬN-ă], nerve pain
-ectasia
MEANING:
expansion, dilation
EXAMPLE: neurectasia [nūr-ěk-TĀ-zhē-ă], operation with dilation of a nerve
-ectomy
MEANING:
removal of
EXAMPLE:
appendectomy [ăp-ěn-DĚK-tō-mē], removal of obstructed lymph nodes
-edema
MEANING:
swelling
EXAMPLE: lymphedema [lĭmf-ěDĒ-mă], swelling as a result of obstructed lymph nodes
-ema
MEANING:
condition
EXAMPLE: empyema [ ěm-pī-Ē-mă], pus in a body cavity
-emesis
MEANING:
vomiting
EXAMPLE: Hematemesis [hē-mă-TEM-ě-sĭs], vomiting of blood
-emia
MEANING:
blood
EXAMPLE: uremia [yū-RĒ-mē-ă], excess urea in the blood
-emic
MEANING:
relating to blood
EXAMPLE: uremic [yū-Rē-mĭk], having excess urea in the blood
-gram
MEANING:
a recording
EXAMPLE: encephalogram [ěn-SĚF-ă-lŏ-grăm], brain scan
-graph
MEANING:
recording instrument
EXAMPLE: encephalograph [ěn-SĚF-ă-lō-grăf], instrument for measuring brain activity
-graphy
MEANING:
process of recording
EXAMPLE: echocardiography [ĚK-ō-kăr-dē-ŎG-ră-fě], use of ultrasound to examine the heart
-ic
MEANING:
pertaining to
EXAMPLE:
gastric [GĂS-trĭk], relating to the stomach
-itis (pl.,-itides)
MEANING:
inflamation
EXAMPLE:
nephritis [ně-FRĪ-tĭs], kidney inflammation; neuritides [nū-RĬT- ĭ-dēz], inflammations of nerves
-kinesis
MEANING:
movement
EXAMPLE: hyperkinesis [hī-pěr-kĭ-NĒ-sĭs], excessive muscular movement
-logist
MEANING:
one who practices
EXAMPLE:
dermatologist [děr-mă-TŎL-ō-jĭst], one who practices dermatology
-logy
MEANING:
study, practice
EXAMPLE:
dermatology [děr-mă-TŎL-ō-jē], study and treatment of skin disorders
- megaly
MEANING:
enlargement
EXAMPLE:
cephalomegaly [SĚF-ă-lō-MĚG-ă-lē], abnormal enlargement of the head
-meter
MEANING:
measuring device
EXAMPLE:
ophthalmometer [ŏf-thăl-ŎM-ě-těr], device for measuring cornea cuvature
-metry
MEANING:
measurement
EXAMPLE:
optometry [ŏp-TŎM-ě-trē], specialty concerned with measurement of eye function
-opsy
MEANING:
view of
EXAMPLE: biopsy [BĪ-ŏp-sē], cutting from living tissue to be viewed
-ostomy
MEANING:
opening
EXAMPLE:
colostomy [kō-LŎS-tō-mē], surgical opening in the colon
-pathy
MEANING:
disease
EXAMPLE: osteopathy [ŏs-tē-ŎP-ă-thē], bone disease
-pepsia
MEANING:
digestion
EXAMPLE:
dyspepsia [dĭs-PĚP-sē-ă], impaired digestion
-pexy
MEANING:
fixation, usually done surgically
EXAMPLE: nephropexy [NĚF-rō-pěk-sē], surgical fixation of a floating kidney
-phobia
MEANING:
ear
EXAMPLE:
acrophobia [ăk-rō-FŌ-bē-ă], fear of heights
-plasty
MEANING:
surgical repair
EXAMPLE:
rhinoplasty [RĪ-nō-plăs-tē], plastic surgery of the nose
-plegia
MEANING:
paralysis
EXAMPLE:
quadriplegia [KWĂH-drĭ-PLĒ-jē-ă], paralysis of all four limbs
-rrhage
MEANING:
discharging heavily
EXAMPLE:
hemorrhage [HĚM-ō-răj], to bleed profusely
-rrhagia
MEANING:
heavy discharge
EXAMPLE:
tracheorrhagia [trā-kē-ō-RĀ-jē-ă], hemorrhage from the trachea
-rrhaphy
MEANING:
surgical suturing
EXAMPLE:
herniorrhaphy [HĚR-ně-ŌR-ă-fē], surgical repair of a hernia
-rrhea
MEANING:
a flowing, a flux
EXAMPLE:
dysmenorrheal [dĭs-měn-ŌR-ē-ă], difficult menstrual flow
-rrhexis
MEANING:
rupture
EXAMPLE:
cardiorrhexis[kăr-dě-ō-RĚK-sĭs], rupture of the heart wall
-scope
MEANING:
instrument (especially one used for observing or measuring)
EXAMPLE:
microscope [MĪ-krō-skōp], instrument for viewing small objects
-scopy
MEANING:
use of an instrument for observing
EXAMPLE:
microscopy [mī-KRŎS-kō-pē], use of microscopes
-stenosis
MEANING:
narrowing
EXAMPLE:
stenostenosis [STĚN-ō-stě-NŌ-sĭs], narrowing of the parotid duct
-stomy
MEANING:
opening
EXAMPLE:
colostomy [kō-LŎS-tō-mē], surgical opening in the colon
-tomy
MEANING:
cutting operation
EXAMPLE:
laparotomy [LĂP-ă-RŎT-ō-mē], incision in the abdomen