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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anesthetic
a drug that temporarily blocks transmission of nerve conduction to produce a loss of sensations (e.g., pain)
antibiotic
a drug that kills or inhibitis the growth of microorganisms
antifungal
a drug that kills or prevents the growth of fungi
antihistamine
a drug that blocks the effects of histamine in the body
anti-inflammatory
a drug that reduces inflammation
antipruritic
a drug that reduces itching
antiseptic
an agent that inhibits the growth of infectious microorganisms
analgesic
a drug that relieves pain
narcotic
a potent analgesic that has addictive properties
antipyretic
a drug that relieves fever
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
a group of drugs with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties (ibuprofen, aspirin)
antiarrhythmic
a drug that counteracts cardiac arrhythmia
anticoagulant
a drug that prevents clotting of the blood commonly used in treating thrombophlebitis and myocardial infarction
antihypertensive
a drug that lowers blood pressure
beta blockers
agents that inhibit responses to sympathetic adrenergic nerve activity causing a slowing of electrical conduction and heart rate and lowering of pressure within the walls of the vessels, used to treat angina pectoris and hypertension
thrombolytic agents
drugs used to dissolve thrombi (blood clots)
vasoconstrictor
a drug that causes narrowing of the blood vessels, decreasing blood flow
vasodilator
a drug that causes dilation of the blood vessels, increasing blood flow
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor
a drug that suppresses the conversion of angiotension in the blood by the angiotensin-converting enzyme; used int the treatment of HTN
antianginal
a drug that dilates coronary arteries, restoring oxygen to the tissues to relieve the pain of angina pectoris
beta-adrenergic blocking agents
agents that inhibit responses to sympathetic adrenergic nerve activity causing a slowing of electrical conduction & heart rate & lowering of pressure within the walls of the vessels
calcium channel blockers
agents that inhibit the entry of calcium ions in heart muscle cells causing a slowing of the heart rate, lessens oxygen demand & cause dilation
cardiotonic
a drug that increases the force of myocardial contractions in the heart commonly used to treat CHF
diuretic
a drug that increases the secretion of urine commonly prescribed in treating HTN
hypolipidemic
a drug that reduces serum fan & cholestrol (ex statins)
statins
agents that lower cholesterol in the blood by inhiibiting the effect of HMG-CoA recudtase, a liver enzyme responsible for producing cholesterol
hemostatic
a drug that stops the flow of blood w/in the vessels