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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Right Upper Quadrant
contains: right lobe of liver, gallbladder, right kidney, part of pancreas
Left Upper Quadrant
contains: left lobe of liver, stomach, spleen, left kidney, part of pancreas
Right Lower Quadrant
contains: appendix, right ureter, right ovary & uterine tube or spermatic duct
Left Lower Quadrant
contains: left ureter, left ovary & uterine tube or spermatic duct
abrasion
scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury
abscess
localized collection of pus
acne
inflammatory disease of skin involving sebaceous glands & hair follicles
actinic keratosis
precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive sun exposure
basal cell carcinoma
epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis. excessive sunlight a factor
carbuncle
skin infection composed of a cluster of boils from staph
cellulitis
inflammation of skin & subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leads to redness, swelling, & fever
contusion
injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, & discoloration, aka bruise
eczema
noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scabs, & itching
furuncle
painful skin node caused by staph in a hair follicle, aka boil
gangrene
death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply
herpes
inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus, characterized by small blisters in clusters
impetigo
superficial skin infection caused by staph or strep, looks like pustules
Kaposi sarcoma
cancerous condition starting as purple or brown papules, common with AIDS
pediculosis
invasion into the skin and hair by lice
rosacea
chronic skin disorder, produces erythema, papules, pustules, & broken blood vessels, common on central area of face in people age 30+
scabies
skin infection caused by the itch mite, looks like papule eruptions, comes with severe itching
scleroderma
disease characterized by chronic hardening (induration) of connective tissue
shingles
development of painful inflamed blisters that follow the nerve routes, aka herpes zoster
squamous cell carcinoma
malignant growth developing from scale-like epithelial tissue
systemic lupus erythematosus
chronic inflammatory disease involving the skin, joints, kidneys, & nervous system
cauterization
destruction of tissue with a hot or cold tool, electric current, or caustic substance
cryosurgery
destruction of tissue using extreme cold
debridement
removal of contaminated or dead tissue & foreign matter from an open wound
dermabrasion
procedure to remove skin scars with abrasive material
Mohs surgery
technique of microscopically controlled serial excisions of skin cancers
adipose
fat, fatty
allergy
hypersensitivity to a substance
bacteria
single-celled microorganisms that reproduce by cell division
cyst
closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material
cytomegalovirus
herpes-type virus, usually causes disease when immune systme is compromised
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
ecchymosis
escape of blood into the tissues causing superficial discoloration, aka bruise
fungus
organism that feeds by absorbing organic molecules form its surroundings
induration
abnormal hard spots
macule
flat colored spot on the skin
nevus
circumscribed malformation of the skin, aka mole
nodule
small, knotlike mass
papule
small solid skin elevation, aka pimple
petechia
pinpoint skin hemorrhage
pressure ulcer
eroded sore on the skin caused by prolonged pressure
pruritis
severe itching
purpura
hemorrhages into the tissue giving the skin a purple-red discoloration
pustule
elevation of skin containing pus
ulcer
eroded sore on the skin or mucous membrane
verruca
circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus, aka wart
vesicle
small elevation of the epidermis containing liqiud, aka blister
virus
microorganism, characterized by lack of independent metabolism & ability to replicate only within living host cells
wheal
transitory, itchy elevation of skin with a white center and red surrounding area