Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/168

Click to flip

168 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ambly/o
dull
aque/o
water
blephar/o
eyelid
conjunctiv/o
conjuctiva
corne/o
cornea
dacry/o
tear
dipl/o
double
emmetr/o
blue-gray
irid/o
iris
kerat/o
cornea
lacrim/o
tears
mi/o
less
mydr/o
widen
ocul/o
eye
ophthalm/o
eye
opt/o
eye/vision
palpebr/o
eyelid
phac/o
lens of the eye
phot/o
light
presby/o
old age
pupill/o
pupil
retin/o
retina
scler/o
sclera (outer membrane)
scot/o
dark
uve/o
uvea
vitre/o
glassy
accommodation
the ability to focus and see
aqueous humor
watery fluid in front of the lens
canthus
angle formed where upper and lower eyelids meet
choroid
highly vascular membrane between retina and sclera
conjunctiva
clear mucous membrane lining the inner eyelids and anterior of the eye
cornea
the outer portion of the eye through which light passes to the retina
epicanthic fold
extension of a skin fold over the inner angle or both angles of the eye
fundus
part farthest away from the opening
intraocular
within the eye
iris
(irides)
the colored portion of the eye
lacrimal
pertaining to tears
lacrimal caruncle
small follicular area at the eye's medial angle
lacrimal punctum
point or opening within the upper and lower canthi to drain tears
limbus
edge, border
lens
structure to focus light
macula lutea
(maculae)
small yellowish spot of the retina
nasolacrimal
pertaining to the nasal and lacrimal bones or ducts
ophthalmologist
(ophthalmology)
physician specializing in diseases of the eye
ophthalmoscope
instrument to view the eye
ophthalmus
eye
optic
pertaining to the eye or sight
optometrist
professional who tests visual acuity and prescribes corrective lenses
palpebra
eyelid
pupil
central opening of the iris
sclera
outer, dense, fibrous, opaque white layer of the eye
vitreous humor
jelly-like fluid behind the lens
study of the eye
ophthalmology
inflammation of the eyelid
blepharitis
tumor of tears (produces obstruction of the lacrimal duct)
lacrimoma
repair of the cornea
corneoplasty
inflammation of the conjunctiva
conjunctivitis
removal of the iris
iridectomy
pertaining to the cornea
corneal
pertaining to the eyelid
palpebral
fear (aversion) of light
photophobia
inflammation of the retina
retinitis
blepharitis
an inflammation of the margins of the lid
amblyopia
poor vision in one eye
aphakia
absence of the lens of the eye
astigmatism
condition of unequal curvatures
cataract
loss of transparancy of the lens of the eye or its capsule
chalazion
inflammatory cyst or granuloma of the meibomian gland
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the lining of the eye
diplopia
double vision
esophoria
inward turning of the eye without double vision
esotropia
inward turning of the eye with double vision
exophoria
outward turning of the without double vision
exotropia
outward turning of the eye with double vision
glaucoma
condition of increased intraocular pressure
hyperopia
farsightedness
keratitis
infection of the cornea
hypertropia
condition in which one eye is higher than the other
keratoconus
progressive thinning of the cornea, causing a protrusion
leukocoria
white reflection from a mass in the eye
microphthalmia
abnormally small eye
myopia
nearsightedness
presbyopia
farsightedness due to aging
retinoblastoma
cancer of the retina
retinopathy
disease of the retina
strabismus
misalignment of the axis of the eyes because of weakness of the ocular muscles; crossed eyes
-opia
relating to vision
phak/o
phac/o
lens-shaped; lens
stigma
identifying mark
cataracta
a waterfall
shalaza
a sty
conjunctus
joining
eso
inward;within
phor/o
carrying; bearing
trope
turn
glaukos
blue gray color
conus
conelike
core/o
pupil
presby/o
aging
blast
pertaining to budding cells; immature cells
strabismus
literal definition
squint
blepharectomy
excision of a lesion of the eyelid
gonioplasty
contraction of the peripheral iris to elliminate contact with the trabecular meshwork
gonioscopy
procedure to visualize the anterior chamber angle to determine whether the angle is open or closed in glaucoma
laser surgery
primary treatment of glaucoma and other eye disorders
ophthalmoscopy
procedure to visualize the retina, retinal blood vessels, and the optic disk (the point where the optic nerve leaves the eye)
perimetry
test that measures the scope of the visual fields
peripheral iridectomy
procedure that creates a hole in the iris, allowing the aqueous humor to flow from the posterior chamber to the anterior chamber
phacoemulsification
method of using ultrasonic waves to disintergrate a cataract, which is then aspirated and removed
sclerotomy
surgical formation of an opening in the sclera
sphincterotomy
procedure to make cuts in the iris sphincter muscle to allow pupillary enlargement
tonometry
test that measures for increased intraocular pressure
trabeculoplasty
procedure to increase aqueous humor outflow to control IOP in open-angle glaucoma
ACC
accommodation
D
diopter
DCR
dacryocystorhinostomy
ECC
extracapsular cataract extraction
Em
emmetropia
EOM
extraocular movements
ERG
electroretinography
ICCE
intracapsular cataract extraction
IOL
intraocular lens
IOP
intraocular pressure
L&A
light and accomodation
LASIK
laser-assisted 'in situ' keratomiliusis
my
myopia
OD
right eye ('oculus dexter'); doctor of optometry
OS
left eye ('oculus sinister')
OU
both eyes ('oculus uterque')
PAN
periodic alternating nystagmus
PERLA
pupils equal, reactive to light and accommodation
PERRLA
pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
PRK
photorefractive keratectomy
REM
rapid eye movement
ROP
retinopathy of prematurity
ST
esotropia
VA
visual acuity
VF
visual field
XT
exotropia
Definition:
blepharoplasty
repair of the eyelid
Definition:
Palpebral
pertaining to the eyelid
Definition:
retinitis
inflammation of the retina
Definition:
ophthalmoscope
device used for viewing the interior of the eye
Definition:
lacrimal
pertaining to tears
Definition:
ophthalmologist
physician who specializes in diseases of the eye
Definition:
intraocular
within the eye
Definition:
iridoplegia
paralysis of the iris muscle
Definition:
choroiditis
inflammation of the choroid
Definition:
vitrectomy
removal of vitreous humor
choroid
middle layer of eyeball tissue
vitreous humor
vitre clear fluid of the eye
This patient is being referred to an 'otolaryngologist/ ophthalmologist' for and eye exam.
ophthalmologist
Examination of the 'retina/ presbyopia' revealed several aneurysms.
retina
We will attempt a 'keratitis/ keratoplasty.
keratoplasty
During routine 'tonometry/ palpebral' screening, Ms. Freeman was found to have early-stage glaucoma.
tonometry
The 'vitreous humor/ inner canthus' was removed as part of the retinoplasty.
vitreous humor
Eleven-year-old Timmy's 'optic nerve/ presbyopia' was damaged by the tumor.
optic nerve
She was sent home from school because of 'conjunctivitis/ blepharitis -- the dreaded "pinkeye."
conjunctivitis
Hemorrhages of the 'retinal/ lacrimal' blood vessels are an important finding.
retinal
The border between the sclera and the cornea is the 'lutea/ limbus'.
limbus
The ophthalmoscope was necessary to examine the 'fundus/ canthus'.
fundus
acous/o
hearing
audi/o
hearing, sound
aur/o
ear
auricul/o
ear
myring/o
tympanic membrane
ot/o
ear
tympan/o
drum