Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/150

Click to flip

150 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
CS
cesarean section
C-section
cesarean section
D&C
dilation (dilatation) and curettage
Dx
diagnosis
GYN
gynecology
G
gravida (pregnant)
IUD
intrauterine device
IVF
in vitro fertilization
LMP
last menstrual period
OB-GYN
obstetrics and gynecology
OCPs
oral contraceptive pills
Pap
papanicolaou smear
para 1,2,3
unipara, bipara, tripara (number of viable births)
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMP
previous mentrual period
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
TSS
toxic shock syndrome
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
GU
genitourinary
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
XY
male sex chromosomes
GC
gonorrhea
HPV
human papillomavirus
HSV
hergpes symplex viruse
STD
sexually transmitted disease
VD
venereal disease
candidiasis
vaginal fungal infection caused by Candida albicans, charactered by a curdy or cheeselike discharge and extreme itching
cervicitis
acute or chronic inflammation of the uterine cervix
eclampsia
gravest form of pregnany-induced hypertension
ectopic pregnancy
implantation of the fertilized ovum outside of the uterine cavity
endometriosis
presence of endometrial tissue outside (ectopic) the uterine cavity such as the pelvis or abdomen
fibroma (fibroid) of the uterus
benign neoplasm consisting of fibrous encapsulated connective tissue
leukorrhea
white discharge from the vagina
oligomenorrhea
scanty or infrequent menstrual flow
pyosalpinx
pus in the fallopian tube
retroversion
turning, or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ being tipped from its normal position
sterility
inability of a woman to become pregnant or for a man to impregnate a woman
toxic shock syndrome
rare and sometimes fatal disaese caused by a toxin or toxins produced by certain straings of bacterium
anorchism
congenital absence of one or both testes
balanitis
inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis
cryptorchidism
failure of testicles to descend into scrotum
epispadias
congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the upper side of the penis, near the glans penis, instead of the tip
hypospadias
congenital defect in which the male urethra opens on the undersurface of the penis instead of the tip
impotence
inability of a ma to achieve or maintain a penile erection
phimosis
stenosis or narrowness of the perputial orifice so that the foreskin can not be pushed back over the glans penis
chlamydia
caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, the most prevalent and among the most damaging of all STDs
genital warts
wart(s) in the genitalia caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV)
gonrrhea
contagious bacterial infection; most often affects the genitourinary tract and occasionally the pharynx or rectum
herpes genitalis
infection in females and males of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa with herpes simplex viruse type 2
syphilis
infectious, chronic venereal disease characterized by lesions that change to a chancre and may involve any organ or tissue
trichomoniasis
infestation with a parasite of genus Trichomonas; often causes vaginitis, urethritis, and cystitis
amniocentesis
obstetric procedure of a surgical puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance to remove amniotic fluid
colposcopy
examiniation of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument (colposcope); this is commonly performaed after a Pap test to obtain biopsy specimens of the cervix
hysterosalpingography
radiography of the uterus and oviducts after injection of a contrast medium
laparoscopy
visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope through one or more small incisions in the abdomincal wall, usually at the umbilicus
mammography
radiography of the breast that is used to diagnose bengign and malignant tumors
Papanicolaou (Pap) test
microscopic analysis of cells taken from the cervix and vagina to detect the presence of carcinoma; cells are obtained after hte insertion of a vaginal speculum and the use of a swab to scrape a small tissue sample from the cervix and vagina
digital rectal examination
examination of the prostate gland by finger palpation through the rectum
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
blood test to screen for prostate cancer; eleveated levels of PSA are associated with prostate cancer and enlargement
cerclage
obstetric procedure in which a nonabsorbable suture is used for holding the cervix closed to prevent spontaneous abortion in a woman who has an incompetent cervix
dilation and currettage
surgical procedure that expands the cervical canal of the uterus so that the surface lining of the uterine wall can be scraped
hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy
surgical removal of a fallopian tube and an ovary
mastectomy
complete or parital surgical removal of one or both breasts, most commonly performed to remove a malignant tumor
tubal ligation
sterilization procedure that involves blocking both fallopian tubes by cutting or burning them and tying them off
circumcision
surgical removal of the foreskin or prepuce of the penis , which usually is performed on the male as an infant
gonadotropins
hormonal preparations used to increase the sperm count in infertility cases
amni/o
amnion (amniotic sac)
cervic/o
neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
colp/o
vagina
vagin/o
vagina
episi/o
vulva
vulv/o
vulva
galact/o
milk
lact/o
milk
gynec/o
woman, female
hyster/o
uterus
uter/o
uterus
lapar/o
abdomen
metr/o
uterus (womb); measure
mamm/o
breast
mast/o
breast
men/o
menses, menstruation
nat/o
birth
oophor/o
ovary
ovari/o
ovary
perine/o
perineum
salping/o
tube (usually fallopian or eustachain [auditory] tubes)
andr/o
male
balan/o
glans penis
orchid/o
testis
orchi/o
testis
orch/o
testis
test/o
testis
prostat/o
prostate gland
spermat/o
spermatozoa, sperm cells
vas/o
vessel; vas deferens; duct
adip/o
fat
lip/o
fat
carcin/o
cancer
cyst/o
bladder
hemat/o
blood
hem/o
blood
hydr/o
water
muc/o
mucus
olig/o
scanty
-ectomy
excision, removal
-pexy
fixation (of an organ)
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-tome
instrument to cut
-tomy
incision
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
-cele
hernia, swelling
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
-itis
inflammation
-lith
stone, caclulus
-logy
study of
-logist
specialist in study of
-megaly
enlargement
-oid
resembling
-oma
tumor
-pathy
disease
-plasia
formation, growth
-plasm
formation, growth
-ptosis
prolapse, downward displacement
-rrhage
bursting forth (of)
-rrhagia
bursting forth (of)
-rrhea
discharge, flow
-scope
instrument for examining
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
-uria
urine
-arche
beginning
-cyesis
pregnancy
-gravida
pregnant woman
-para
to bear (offspring)
-salpinx
tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)
-tocia
childbirth, labor
-version
turning
-ia
condition
-ist
specialist
a-
without, not
an-
without, not
dys-
bad; painful; difficult
hyper-
excessive, above normal
neo-
new
post
after, behind
pre-
before, in front of
-ous
pertaining to, relating to
-ic
pertaining to, relating to