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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
auscultation
physical examination method of listening to sounds within body with aid of a stethoscope
bruit
noise; abnormal heart sound caused by turbulence within
gallop
abnormal heart sound that mimics gait of a horse; related to abnormal ventricular contraction
electrocardiogram
(ECG or EKG)
electrical picture of heart represented by positive and negative deflections on graph labeld with letters, P, Q, R, S, and T, corresponding to events of cardiac cycle
stress electrocardiogram
ECG of heart recorded during the induction of controlled physical exercise using a treadmill or ergometer; useful in detecting conditions such as ischemia and infarction
Holter ambulatory monitor
portable electrocardiograph worn by patient that monitors electrical activity of heart over 24 hours - useful in detecting periodic abnormalities
intracardiac electrophysiological study
(EPS)
invasive procedure involving placement of catheter-guided electrodes within heart to evaluate and map the electrical conduction of cardiac arrhythmias; intracardiac catheter ablation may be performed at the same time to treat the arrhythmia
intracardiac catheter ablation
use of radiofrequency waves sent through a catheter within the heart to treat arrhythmias by selectively destroying myocardial tissue at sites generating abnormal electrical pathways
magnetic resonance aniography
(MRA)
magnetic resonance imaging of heart and blood vessels for evaluation of pathology
nuclear medicine imaging of heart
radionuclide organ imaging of heart after administration of radioactive isotope to visualize structures and analyze functions
myocardial radionuclide perfusion scan
scan of heart made after an intravenous injection of isotope that is absorbed by myocardial cells in proportion to blood flow throughout heart
myocardial radionuclide perfusion stress scan
nuclear scan of heart taken after the induction of controlled physical exercise via treadmill or bicycle or administration of pharmaceutical agent that produces the effect of exercise stress in patients unable to ambullate
positron emission tomography (PET) scan of heart
use of nuclear isotopes and computed tomography techniques to produce perfusion images and study the cellular metabolism of heart
radiology
x-ray imaging
angiography
x-ray of blood vessel after injection of contrast medium
angiogram
record obtained by angiography
coronary angiogram
x-ray of blood vessels of heart
arteriogram
x-ray of particular artery
aortogram
x-ray of aorta
venogram
x-ray of vein
cardiac catheterization
induction of flexible, narrow tube or catheter through a vein or artery into heart to withdraw samples of blood, measure pressures within the heart chambers or vessles, and inject contrast media for fluoroscopic radiography and cine fil imaging of chambers of the heart and coronary arteries
left heart catheterization
x-ray of left ventricular cavity and coronary arteries
right heart catheterization
measurement of oxygen saturation and pressure readings of right side of heart
ventriculogram
x-ray visualizing the ventricles
stroke volume
(SV)
measurement of the amount of blood ejected from a ventricle in one contraction
cardiac output
(CO)
measurement of the amount of blood ejected from either ventricle of heart per minute
ejection fraction
measurement of volume percentage of left ventricular contents ejected with each contraction
sonography
sonographic imaging
echocadiography
(ECHO)
recording of sound waves through the heart to evaluate structure and motion
stress echocardiogram
(stress ECHO)
echocardiogram of heart recording during the induction of controlled physical exercise via treadmill or bicycle or administration of a pharmaceutical agent that produces the effect of exercise stress in patients unable to ambulate
transesophageal echocardiogram
(TEE)
echocardiographic image of heart after placement of an ultrasonic transducer at end of endoscope inside the esophagus
Doppler sonography
ultrasound technique used to evaluate blood flow to determine the presence of a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or carotid insufficiency, or flow through the heart, chambers, valves, etc
intravascular sonography
ultrasound images made after a sonographic transducer placed at tip of catheter within a blood vessle