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45 Cards in this Set

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Adrenocorticotropic hormone
(ACTH)
stimulates the release of adrenocortical
hormones (steroid hormones):
a tropic hormone:
anterior pituitary hormone
follicle-stimulating hormone
(FSH)
in females, stimulates the ovaries to produce
their hormones; in males, stimulates the testes to produce sperm:
a tropic hormone:
anterior pituitary hormone
luteinizing hormone
(LH)
in females, stimulates the ovarian follicle and ovum to mature and ovulate; in males, stimulates testosterone to be secreted by testes:
a tropic hormone:
anterior pituitary hormone
Thyroid-stimulating hormone
(TSH)
stimulates the thyroid gland to release its hormones:
a tropic hormone:
anterior pituitary hormone
growth hormone
(Somatotropin)(GH).
Increases protein production in many tissues, increases breakdown of fatty acids in fatty tissues (adipose tissue), and increases glucose level in blood:
Nontropic hormone:
anterior pituitary hormone
melanocyte-stimulating hormone
(MSH)
stimulates production and release of the melanin pigment in skin; not technically an anterior pituitary hormone– it can be extracted from all parts of the pituitary:
Nontropic hormone:
anterior pituitary hormone
prolactin
acts on breast tissue to stimulate milk production
Nontropic hormone:
anterior pituitary hormone
antidiuretic hormone
decreases the amount of water lost through the kidneys:
Nontropic hormone:
posterior pituitary hormone
oxytocin
causes uterine contractions and promotes milk release:
Nontropic hormone:
posterior pituitary hormone
T3 T4 are named for what?
The # of iodine atoms contained in each
aden/o
glands
adren/o
adrenals
andr/o
masculine
estr/o
female
gluc/o
glucose (sugar)
Fasting blood sugar (FBS)
blood test performed after a 12 hour test; measures the glucose concentration in the blood
glucose tolerance test (GTT)
blood test performed after a 12 hour test; a glucose drink is taken and the blood is tested several times to determine the glucose level over time
homovanillic acid (HVA)
a chemical substance found in urine that is a metabolite of catecholamines secretion; elevated in the presence of certain tumors
metanephrine (MN)
a product of the breakdown of epinephrine; found in the urine
postprandial (PP) test
blood test performed after eating to determine the blood glucose level
radioactive iodine, 131l
a radioactive substance that is taken up by the thyroid gland; used to determine thyroid pathology; can also be used to treat thyroid disease
scintiscan
scanning machine used to measure radioactive iodine uptake in the thyroid
vanillylmandelic acid (VMA)
metabolite of catecholamine secretion found in the urine; increases when certain tumors are present
adrenalectomy
adren/o
-ectomy
removal of the adrenal glands
-pertaining to the adrenal glands
-surgical removal
hypophysectomy

hypo/
phys/o
-ectomy
removal of the pituitary gland; hormone replacement is necessary
– under, less
swell (under the hypothalamus)
surgical removal
lobectomy

lobe/
ectomy
removal of lobe of an organ or gland, i.e. lobe of the pituitary
– portion (lobe) of organ, gland
surgical removal
parathyroidectomy
para/
thyr/o
ectomy
removal of the parathyroid gland(s)
alonside; pair
pertaining to the thyroid
surgical removal
pinealectomy
pineal
ectomy
removal of the pineal gland
pertaining to the pineal gland
surgical removal
thyroidectomy
thyr/o
ectomy
removal of the thyroid gland
pertaining to the thyroid gland
surgical removal
beclomethasone
Beconase AQ, Vancenase
cortisone
Cortison AC
dexamethasone
Decadron, Dexasone, Hexadrol
hydrocortisone
Cortef, Solu-Cortef
methylprednisonlone
Medrol, Solu-Medrol
prednisolone
Prelone
prednisone
Deltasone, Prednicot
triamcinolone
Aristocort, Kenalog, Axmacort
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormonef
ADH
antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)
Ca
calcium
CRF
corticotropin-releasing factor
DI
diabetes melitus
DKA
diabetic ketoacidosis
DM
diabetes mellitus
FBS
fasting blood sugar