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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ankylosis
stiff joint condition
arthritis
inflammation of joints characterized by swelling, redness, warmth, and limitation of motion
osteoarthritis
(OA)
most common form of arthritis that especially affect weight-bearing joints (knee, hip); characterized by erosion of articular cartilage
rheumatoid arthritis
(RA)
most crippling form of arthritis characterized by chronic, systemic inflammation most ften affecting joints and synovial membranes causing ankylosis and deformity
gouty arthritis
acute attacks of arthritis usually in a single joint (esp. great toe) caused by hyperuricemia
bony necrosis
sequestrum
dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply such as can occur after fracture
bunion
swelling of joint at the base of great toe caused by inflammation of bursa
bursitis
inflammation of bursa
carpal tunnel syndrome
condition that results from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel at the wrist
chondromalacia
softening of cartilage
epiphysitis
inflammation of epiphyseal region of long bone
fracture
(Fx)
broken or cracked bone
closed fracture
broken bone with no open wound
open fracture
compound fracture;
broken bone with an open wound
simple fracture
nondisplaced fracture involving one fracture line that does not require extensive treatment to repair
complex fracture
displaced fracture that requires manipulation or surgery to repair
fracture line
line made by broken bone
(e.g. obligue, spiral, or transverse)
comminuted fracture
broken in many little pieces
greenstick fracture
bending and incomplete break of a bone-most often seen in children
herniated disk or disc
protrusion of a degenerated or fragmented intervertebral disk so that the nucleus pulposus protrudes, causing compression on the nerve root
myeloma
bone marrow tumor
myositis
inflammation of muscle
myoma
muscle tumor
leiomyoma
smooth muscle tumor
leiomyosarcoma
malignant smooth muscle tumor
rhabdomyoma
skeletal muscle tumor
rhabdomyosarcoma
malignant skeletal muscle tumor
muscular dystrophy
category of genetically transmitted dieseases characterized by progressive atrophy of skeletal muscle (Duchenne's type is most common)
osteoma
bone tumor
osteosarcoma
type of malignant bone tumor
osteomalacia
disease marked by softening of bone caused by calcium and vitamin D deficiency
rickets
osteomalacia in children (causes bone deformity)
osteomyelitis
infection of bone and bone marrow causing inflammation
osteoporosis
condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity, causing bones to become brittle and liable to fracture
kyphosis
humpback condition;
abnormal posterior curvature of thoracic spine
lordosis
sway-back condition;
abnormal anterior curvature of lumbar spine
scoliosis
S-shaped curve;
abnormal lateral curvature of spine
spondylolisthesis
forward slipping of lumbar vertebra
spondylosis
stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae due to joint degeneration
sprain
injury to a ligament caused by joint trauma but without joint dislocation or fracture
subluxation
partial dislocation
tendinitis
tendonitis
inflammation of tendon