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47 Cards in this Set

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acne
inflammation of sebaceous glands and hair follicles of skin evidenced by comedones, pustules, or nodules
albinism
partial or total lack of melanin pigment;
hereditary condition
burn
injury to body tissue caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, radiation or gases
first-degree burn
burn involving only the epidermis;
characterized by erythema and hyperesthesia
second-degree burn
burn involving epidermis and dermis;
characterized by erythema, hyperesthesia, and vescications
third-degree burn
burn involving all layers of skin;
characterized by destruction of epidermis and dermis with damaged destruction of sub-q tissue
cellulitis
acute inflammation of sub-q tissue resulting from bacterial invasion through a break in skin
dermatitis (eczema)
inflammation of skin characterized by redness, pruritus, and various lesions
atopic dermatitis
chronic skin inflammation characterized by appearance of inflamed, swollen papules and vesicles that crust and scale, with severe itching and burning
contact dermatitis
inflammation of skin resulting from contact with substance to which one is allergic
seborrheic dermatitis
redness of skin covered by a yellow, oily, itchiy scale most commonly at hairline, forehead, and around nose, ears, eyelashes;
"cradle cap" in infants
dermatosis
any disorder of skin
exanthematous
eruption of skin cause by a viral disease
rubella
German measles;
reddish
rubeola
14- day measles;
reddish
varicella
chickenpox;
tiny spot
eczema
to boil out; dermatitis
furuncle
a boil;
painful nodule formed in skin by inflammation originating in a hair follcule;
caused by staph
carbuncle
skin infection consisting of clusters of furuncles
abscess
localized collection of pus in cavity formed by inflammation of surrounding tissue that heals when drained or excised
gangrene
eating sore;
death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply resulting from trauma or inflammatory or infectious process
herpes simplex virus type 1
(HSV-1)
transient viral vesicles that infect the facial area
(e.g. cold sores, fever blisters)
herpes simplex virus type 2
(HSV-2)
sexually transmitted ulcer-like lesions of genital and anorectal skin and mucosa
herpes zoster
shingles;
viral disease affecting the peripheral nerves
ichthyosis
skin condition caused by a gene defect that results dry, thick, scaly skin
impetigo
highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture and become crusted
keratoses
thickened areas of epidermis
actinic keratoses
solar keratoses
localized thickening of skin caused by excesive exposure to sunlight; precursor to cancer
seborrheic keratoses
benign wart-like lesions (seen especially on elderly skin)
lupus
chronic autoimmune disease
cutaneous lupus
limited to skin (face, neck, and scalp)
systemic lupus erythematosus
more severe form of lupus involving skin, joints, and often vital organs
malignant cutaneous neoplasm
skin cancer
squamous cell carcinoma
(SCC)
malignant tumor of squamous epithelium
basal cell carcinoma
(BCC)
malignant tumor of basal layer of epidermis; most commong type of skin cancer
malignant melanoma
malignant tumor composed of melanocytes
Kaposi sarcoma
malignant tumor of walls of blood vessles
onychia
inflammation of finger or toenails
paronychia
inflammation of nail fold
pediculosis
infestation with lice that causes itching and dermatitis
pediculosis capitis
head lice
pediculosis pubis
crabs;
lice that generally infect the pubic region
psoriasis
itchingl chronic, recurrent skin disease marked by silver-gray scales covering red patches on skin that results from overproduction and thickening of skin cells
scabies
contagious disease caused by parasite (mite) that invades the skin
seborrhea
hypersecretion of sebum from sebaceous glands
tinea
ringworm; athlete's foot;
fungal skin disease
vitiligo
condition caused by the destruction of melanin that results in the appearance of white patches on skin