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130 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
angi/o
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
aort/a
aorta
arteri/o
artery
atri/o
atrium
cardi/o
heart
electr/o
electric
lymph/o
lymph
phleb/o
vein
ven/o
vein
thromb/o
blood clot
ventricul/o
ventricle
cerebr/o
cerebrum
hem/o
blood
my/o
muscle
necr/o
death, necrosis
scler/o
hardening; sclera (white of eye)
-ectomy
excision, removal
-lysis
separation; destruction; loosening
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-tomy
incision
-cardia
heart condition
-cyte
cell
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
-gram
record, writing
-graphy
process of recording
-lith
stone, calculus
-malacia
softening
-megaly
enlargement
-oid
resembling
-ole
small, minute
-ule
small, minute
-oma
tumor
-osis
abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
-pathy
disease
-phagia
swallowing, eating
-phobia
fear
-rrhexis
rupture
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
-um
structure, thing
-al
pertaining to, relating to
-ic
pertaining to, relating to
anti-
against
-bi
two
brady-
slow
endo-
in, within
epi-
above, upon
micro-
small
peri-
around
tachy-
rapid
tri-
three
AS
aortic stenosis
ASD
atrial septal defect
ASHD
arteriosclerotic heart disease
AV
atrioventricular, arteriovenous
BBB
bundle-branch block
BP
blood pressure
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
coronary artery disease
CC
cardiac catheterization, chief complaint
CHF
congestive heart failure
CV
cardiovascular
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
ECG, EKG
electrocardiogram
HF
heart failure
IAS
interatrial septum
IVC
inferior vena cava
IVS
interventricular septum
LA
left atrium
LDL
low-density lipoprotein
LV
left ventricle
MI
myocardial infarction
MVP
mitral valve prolapse
RA
right atrium
RBC
red blood cell(s); red blood count
RV
right ventricle
SA
sinoatrial (node)
SVC
superior vena cava
VSD
ventricular septal defect
WBC
white blood cell(s); white blood count
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
EBV
Epstein-Barr virus
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
HSV
herpes simplex virus
KS
Kaposi sarcoma
PCP
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
aneurysm
localized dilation of the wall of a blood vessel, introducing the risk of a rupture
arrhythmia
irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat; also called dysrhythmia
arteriosclerosis
thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of arterial walls
athersclerosis
most common form of arteriosclerosis, caused by an accumulation of fatty substances within the walls of the arteries causing partial and eventually total occlusion
bruit
soft blowing sound heard on auscultation caused by turbulent blood flow
coronary artery disease
abnormal condition that may affect the heart's arteries and produce various pathological effects, especially the reduced flow of oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium
deep vein thrombosis
formation of a blood clot in a deep vein of the body, occuring most frequently in the iliac and femoral veins
embolus
mass of undissolved matter present in a blood or lymphatic vessel brought there by the blood or lymph current
fibrillation
irregular, random contraction of heart fibers
heart failure
condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the metabolic requirement of body tissues
hypertension
consistently elevated blood pressure that is higher than normal causing damage to the blood vessels and ultimately the heart
ischemia
decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part due to an interruption of blood flow
mitral valve prolapse
condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole, resultin gin incomplete closure and backflow of blood
murmur
abnormal sound heard on auscultation, caused by defects in the valves or chambers of the heart
myocardial infarction
necrosis of a portion of cardiac muscle caused by partial or complete occlusion of one or more coronary arteries; also called heart attack
patent ductus arteriosus
failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth, resulting in an abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta
Raynaud phenomenon
numbness in fingers or tues due to intermittenet constriction of arterioles in the skin
rheumatic heart disease
streptococcal infectino that causes damage to the heart valves and heart muscle, most often seen in children and young adults
stroke
damage to part of the brain due to interruption of its blood supply, commonly caused by blockage of an artery. bleeding within brain tissues is another cause of strokes
transient ischemic attack
temporary interference with blood supply to the brain, causing no permanent brain damage
varicose veins
swollen, distended veins caused by incompenent venous valves; most often seen in the lower legs
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
deficiency of cellular immunity induced by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, characterized by increasing susceptibilty to infections, malignancies, and neurological diseases
Hodgkin disease
malignant disease characterized by painless, progressive enlragement of lymphoid tissue, usually first evident in the cervical lymph nodes, splenomegaly, and the presence of unique Reed-Sternberg cells in the lymph nodes
Kaposi sarcoma
malignancy of connective tissue including bone, fat, muscle, and fibrous tissue
lymphadenitis
inflammation and enlargement of the lymph nodes, usually as a result of infection
mononucleosis
acute infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus characterized by sore throat, fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes
non-Hodgkin lymphoma
any of a heterogeneous group of malignant tumors involving tissue except for Hodgkin disease
cardiac catheterization
insertion of a small tube through an incision into a large vein, usually of an arm or leg which is threaded through a blood vessel until it reaches the heart
cardiac enzyme studies
battery of blood tests performed to determine the presence of cardiac damage
echocardiography
ultrasound, also called ultrasonography, to viualize internal cardiac structures and motion of the heart
electrocardiography
creation and study of graphic records produced by electric activity generated by the heart muslce
Holter monitor
monitoring device worn on the patient for making prolonged electrocardiograph recordings on a portable tape recorder while conducting normal daily activities
stress test
method of evauluating CV fitness. while exercising, usually on a treadmill, the individual is subjected to steadily increasing levels of work. at the same time, the amount of oxygen consumed is measured while an ECG is administered
troponin I
blood test that measures protein that is released into the blood by damaged heart muscle and is highly sensitive and specific indicator of recent MI
ultrasonography
imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves that bounce off body tissues and are recorded to produve an image of an inernal organ or tissue
bone marrow aspiration biopsy
removal of living itssue, usually taken from the sternum or iliac crest, for microscopic examiniation of bone marrow tissue
lymphangiography
radiographic examination of lymph glands and lymphatic vessels after an injection of a contrast medium
tissue typing
technique for determining the histocompatibility of tissues to be used in grafts and transplants with the recipient's tissues and cells
angioplasty
any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood veeles and resores forward blood flow
coronary artery bypass graft
surgery that involves bypassing one or more blocked coronary arteries to increase blood flow
statins
drugs that reduce low-density lipoprotein
thrombolytic therapy
administration of drugs to dissolve a blood clot
valvuloplasty
plastic or restorative surgery on a valve, especially a cardiac valve