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126 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
amni/o
the amnion (sac around fetus)
arch/e
first
blast/o
germ or bud
cervic/o
neck
enbry/o
embryo
gyn/o
female
gynec/o
female
hyster/o
uterus
labi/o
lips
lact/o
milk
mamm/o
breast
men/o
menses, menstruation
metr/a, o
uterus
oophor/o
ovary
o/o
egg
ov/o
egg
salping/o
tube
thel/o
nipple
uter/o
uterus
vagin/o
vagina (sheath)
vulv/o
vulva (covering)
areola
pigmented area surrounding the nipple of the breast
Bartholin's glands
mucus-secreting glands surrounding the vagina
breasts
milk-secreting organs on the chest
cervix;
cervical (adj)
lower neck-like section of the uterus extending into the vagina
clitoris
erectile tissue at the anterior portion of the vulva
corpus albicans
retrogressed corpus luteum that is scar tissue
corpus luteum
yellow body formed in the ovary; the site of a ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation
endometrium
mucous membrane layer of the uterine wall
fallopian tube
tube through which the ovum passes leading to the uterus
fimbria
fringe at the end of the fallopian tube
follicle
a spherical portion of cells that form a cavity
fundus
part farthest away from the opening
Graafian follicle
follicle in which the oocyte grows to full size
gynecology
the study and treatment of the female
hymen
membranous skin fold that may cover the external opening of the vagina
labia majora
outer folds of skin surrounding the vagina
labia minora
inner folds of skin surrounding the vagina
lactiferous ducts
tubular structures in the breast that carry milk to the nipples
menarche
onset of menses (the first menstrual period)
mons pubis
fatty elevation of tissue over the symphysis pubis
myometrium
muscular wall of the uterus
neonate
the period for the first month immediately after birth; the neonatologist usually specializes in the premature infant
obstetrics
study and treatment of pregnancy and birth
oocyte
immature egg cell
oogenesis
production of the female gametes (ova)
ovum
egg; the female's reproductive cell
ovulation
menstrual cycle step in which the ovum is released from the ovarian follicle
perineum
area between the vagina and the anus
salpinx (sing)
fallopian tube
symphysis pubis
joint between the pubic bones
uterus
muscular organ in the pelvic cavity that contains the growing fetus
vagina
opening to the uterus
vestibule
area between the clitoris and the opening of the vagina
vulva
female external genitalia
amenorrhea
absence of menses
dysmenorrhea
painful or difficult menstruation (period)
hypermenorrhea
long or excessive bleeding during period
hypomenorrhea
short or decreased bleeding during period
menometrorrhagia
irregular or excessive bleeding during, and between periods
menorrhagia
increased or excessive menstrual flow
menorrhalgia
painful menstruation
metrorrhagia
irregular bleeding between periods
oligomenorrhea
scanty menstrual flow
agenesis
absence of the vagina; failure of formation of the vagina
atresia (cervical)
absence of the cervical opening
climacteric
term for menopause
cystocele
condition involving a hernia of the bladder that pushes it into the vagina
dyspareunia
pain during sexual intercourse
endometriosis
benign condition in which there is aberrant uterine tissue growing outside the uterine wall.
Physiologic changes of menopause --
uterus
shrinks in size because of decreased myometrium; prone to prolapse or protrusion (falls from the pelvic cavity because of relaxing of sacral ligaments and weakened musculature)
Physiologic changes of menopause --
ovaries
atrophy of the cervical opening
Physiologic changes of menopause --
vagina
becomes shorter and narrower; decreases in elasticity because of increased connective tissue; thinning of the walls; drier; fragile because of epithelial atrophy
Physiologic changes of menopause --
external genitalia
deceased fat on mons pubis; decreased pubic hair; decrease in size of labia and clitoris
endometrium
mucous membrane layer of the uterine wall
fibroids
myomas
firm, mobile, nonmalignant nodules in the uterine wall
human papillomavirus
a sexually transmitted disease that is associated with small growths on the genitalia
menarche
onset of menses (the first menstrual period)
menopause
period of time when a woman's hormones are decreasing, causing many changes
prolapse (uterine)
the sinking of an organ into another orifice
puberty
onset of changes in the body that herald the physiologic maturity of the person
rectocele
prolapse of the rectum through the vagina
salpingitis
inflammation of the fallopian tube(s)
sexually transmitted disease (STD)
viral or bacterial infections that are transmitted between sexual partners
speculum (sing)
instrument that is inserted into an orifice to provide visualization
thelarche
beginning of breast development
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
procedure to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes
bilateral tubal ligation
procedure to cut and/or cauterize the fallopian tubes
colposcopy
examination of the cervix using an endoscope
dilation and curettage (D&O)
procedure to dilate and scrape the cervical area
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
blood test to determine pregnancy, a hormone produced by the placenta
hysterectomy
surgical removal of the uterus
mammogram
radiographic study of the breast
pap smear
the cytologic study of a scraping of the cervix
AB, ab
abortion
BTL
bilateral tubal ligation
BSO
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
D&C
dilation and curettage
DUB
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
GC
gonorrhea
GYN
gynecology
HPV
human papilloma virus
HRT
hormone replacement therapy (usually refers to replacement at menopause)
HSG
hysterosalpingography
IUD
intrauterine device
LMP
last menstrual period
OB
obstetrics
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMP
previous menstrual period
STD
sexually transmitted disease
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
TAH/BSO
total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
VH
vaginal hysterectomy
GYN
gynecology
HPV
human papilloma virus
HRT
hormone replacement therapy (usually refers to replacement at menopause)
HSG
hysterosalpingography
IUD
intrauterine device
LMP
last menstrual period
OB
obstetrics
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMP
previous menstrual period
STD
sexually transmitted disease
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
TAH/BSO
total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
VH
vaginal hysterectomy