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71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
andr/o
male, masculine
balan/o
glans penis
gamet/o
gamete
gonad/o
gonad; seed
orchi/o
testis (testicle)
orchid/o
testis (testicle)
prostat/o
prostate
spermat/o
semen, spermatozoa
sperm/o
semen, spermatozoa
zyg/o
a yoke; joining
bulbourethral glands
Cowper's glands
pea-sized glands located under the prostate gland; they empty their mucus-like secretions into the urethra to lubricate it
corpus cavernosum
one of the two parallel areas of erectile tissue forming the dorsal side of the penis
corpus spongiosum
middle column of spongy erectile tissue on the ventral side of the penis
ejaculate (n)
the semen that is expelled
ejaculate (v)
to suddenly expel
ejaculation
process of rapid expulsion of semen from the penis
ejaculatory ducts
tunnels through the prostate gland; formed by the joining of the seminal vesicles
epididymis
structure attached to the testis that transports, stores, and matures sperm
foreskin
prepuce
loosely folded tissue that covers the glans penis (tip of penis)
gamete
male and female sex cells
genitalia
genitals (pl)
male and female sex organs
glans penis
end of penis
gonad
organ that produces male and female sex cells
penis
penile (adj)
male reproductive organ
prostate
walnut-spaped gland located below the bladder; secretes a milky fluid that aids in the mobility of the sperm
scrotum
sac that contains the testes; located below the penis
semen
fluid containing the sperm
seminal vesicle
sacs (glands) that secrete a fluid containing sperm and other substances, including a type of sugar that provides energy for the sperm; the two seminal vesicles join to form the ejaculatory duct
sperm
spermatozoa
male sex cell that fertilizes the ovum to produce a new life
testis (sing)
male reproductive glands located within the scrotum; male gonads; testicles
testicle
testicular (adj)
male reproductive gland (testis)
vas deferens
ductus deferens
duct of the reproductive tract; the tube that leads sperm from the epididymis, away from the scrotum and into the abdominal cavity
zygote
cell that is the product of the joining of the female ovum and the male sperm
ambiguous genitalia
sex organs in a newborn that are not clearly male of female
anorchism
absence of the testes
cryptorchism
failure of one or both testicles to descend into the scrotal sac
epispadias
abnormality in which the urethral opening is on the dorsum of the penis
hermaphroditism
hermaphrodism
hermaphrodite
having both ovarian and testicular tissue; pseudohermaphroditism is the term used the the person displays either male or female sexual characteristics, i.e., male pseudohermaphrodite
hypospadia
abnormality in which the urethral opening is on the ventral side of the penis
polyorchism
polyorchidism
having more than two testicles
aspermatogenesis
failure of sperm production
aspermia
ejaculation without seminal fluid or without spermatozoa
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
benign prostatic hyperplasia
enlarged prostate tissue causing pressure on the urethra
circumcision
procedure to remove the foreskin of the penis
epididymitis
inflammation of the epididymis
hydrocele
collection of fluid within the testis
inpotence
inability to aachieve and/or maintain an erection of the penis
oligospermia
decreased sperm in the ejaculate
orchitis
inflammation of the testis
phimosis
phimoses (pl)
narrowness of the opening of the prepuce preventing its being drawn back over the glans
priapism
prolonged erection
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate gland
sterility
incapable of fertilization
testicular torsion
rotation of the testis within the scrotum
varicocele
varicose veins in the spermatic cord
epididymotomy
incision into the epididymis to drain pus or other fluid
epididymovasectomy
surgical removal of the eppididymis and vas deferens
orchidorrhaphy
surgical procedure to bring down the undescended testicle and suture it into the scrotum
orchiectomy
removal of the testis (testes)
prostate-specific antigen
blood test to determine the presence of malignancy of the prostate gland
transurethral resection of the prostate
surgical procedure to remove all or part of the prostate gland; performed through the urethral opening
vasectomy
surgical removal of a portion of the vas deferens
vesiculectomy
surgical removal of the seminal vesicle
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
DRE
digital rectal examination
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
STD
sexually transmitted disease
TUR
transurethral resection
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate or transurethral prostatectomy
VDRL
Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (test for syphilis, an STD)