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111 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cyst/o
bladder
electr/o
electric
hydr/o
water
lith/o, lith
stone, calcification
meat/o
passageway
nephr/o
kidney
pyel/o
renal pelvis
ren/i(o)
pertaining to the kidney
tub/o
tube (little tube)
ur/e(a),(o)
relating to urea or urine
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
urin/o
urine
ur/o
relating to urine
bladder
musculomembranous organ that serves as a container for fluid and is distended when filled
Bowman's capsule
structure of the renal corpuscle that is the top of a nephron; surrounds the glomerulus
calyx/ calix
one of the branches of the kidney peovis
cortex
outer portion of an organ such as the kidney
distal convoluted tubule
part of the nephron farthest from Bowman's capsule
electrolyte
substance that can conduct electricity within a fluid
external urethral sphincter
band of muscle fibers that encircles the urethra below the neck of the bladder; under voluntary control
filtration
process of passing a substance through a filter to seperate the particulate matter
glomeruli
capillary loops within Bowman's capsule
internal urethral sphincter
band of muscle fibers at the basae of the bladder; under involuntary control
kidneys
paired organs that produce urine
loop of Henle
extension of the proximal tubule of the nephron that contains a hairpin loop between two straight limbs
medulla
soft, marrowlike structure in the center of the kedney
micturition
elimination of urine from the bladder
nephron
tubular structure that produces the urine in the kidney
pelvis (in kidney)
area at the upper end of the ureter
peritubular capillaries
tiny blood vessels that provide the blood supply for much of the nephron
proximal convoluted tubule
first segment of the renal tubule (nearest to Bowman's capsule)
reabsorption
precess of retaining fluid and electrolytes in the kidney
renal corpuscle
area of the nephron located in the cortex; area that contains the the glomerular capillaries and Bowman's capsule
renal tubule
part of the nephron composed of the proximal and distal convoluted tubules, the loop of Henle, and the collecting tubule
retroperitoneal
relating to area behind (posterior to) the peritoneum
secretion
movement of substances from surrounding capillaries into the urine within the distal and collecting tubules
tubule
small tube
ureter
tube that sends urine from the renal pelvis to the bladder
urethra
tube to void urine that leads from the bladder to the outside
urinary meatus
opening (orifice) for the voiding (passage) of urine
urine
urinate
fliod that is voided from the body; filtered from the blood in the kidney
void
to eliminate urine
anuria
inability to produce urin
dysuria
pain or difficulty with urination
frequency (of urination)
urination that occurs often with little actual production of urine
hematuria
blood in the urine
hesitancy
inability to start the urine stream, or the involuntary interruption of the stream
incontinence (or urine)
inability to hold urine
nocturia
urination at night
oliguria
production of very little urine
polyuria
production of an increased amount of urine
urgency
feeling of having to pass urine immediately, but with little actual urine production
albuminuria
presence of the protein albumin in the urine; albumin is found in the serum portion of blood
costovertebral angle
area on the back over the 12th rib' pain in the area when thumped with the first during physical examination may indicate kidney disease
cystitis
inflammation causing dysuria and pain in the bladder; usually caused by bacterial infection
enuresis
bed-wetting
glomerulonephritis
disease of cells in the kidneys (glomeruli) characterized by inflammatory changes resulting from an infection
glycosuria
presence of glucose (sugar) in the urine
horseshoe kidney
band of tissue extending across the spin that attaches the kindey to each other and makes them one horseshoe-shaped kidney
hydronephrosis
condition characterized by dilation of the pelvis and calices of the kidneys; usually results from and obstruction that prevents the flow of urine
hypercalciuria
increased calcium in the urine; may indicate loss of calcium due to osteoporosis (bone loss)
lupus
systemic lupus erythematosus;
autoimmune disorder that causus inflammatory connective tissue disease in many areas of the body, including the kidneys, skin, and joints
nephritis
inflammation of the kidneys
nephrolith
kidney stone usually made from calcium
nephrolithiasis
condition of having kidney stones
nephrosis;
nephrotic syndrome
condition of the kidney characterized by protein in the urine
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the internal structures of the kidney usually from bacterial infection
pyel/o
relating to the renal pelvis
lith
stone (calculus)
pyuria
pus in the urine
renal colic
pain in the abdomen and back as a result of a kidney stone
systemic lupus erythematosus
autoimmune disorder that causes inflammatory connective tissue disease in many areas of the body, including the kidneys, skin and joints
uremia
excessive accumulation of urea (a waste product) within the blood
ureteritis
inflammation of the ureter(s)
urethritis
inflammation of the urethra
urinary reterntion
inability to void
urinary tract infection
infection anywhere within the urinary tract
vesicoureteral reflux
incompetence of the valve at the ureterovesical junction (between the ureter and bladder) allowing the flow of urine backward from the bladder into the ureter
BUN
blood urea nitrogen test; blood test to measure the urea; an indication of kidney function
blood urea nitrogen
blood test to measure the urea; an indication of kidney function
catheterization (urinary)
procedure using a sterile tube (catheter) inserted through the urinary meatus into the bladder to obtain a sterile urine specimen or to drain urine
clean catch
procedure that uses a voided urine specimen for microscopic analysis after the person has cleaned the urinary meatus with an antiseptic solution
creatinine clearance
test that measures how blood is being filtered through the kidney
cystectomy
surgical removal of the bladder
cystogram
x-ray examination of the bladder using a cystoscope (type of endoscope) threaded up through the urethra to visualize the bladder
cystopexy
surgical repair of the bladder by anchoring it to a supporting structure
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
breaking up of a renal or ureteral stone using ultrasound energy
glomerular filtration rate
determination of volume of water being filtered from plasma through the kidneys
hemodialysis
procedure to remove waste products from the blood witha machine that uses a filter to separate large molecules from smaller ones
intravenous pyelogram
x-ray using contrast medium injected into the vein to view the kidneys and surrounding structures
nephrectomy
removal of kidney
nephrostomy
surgical procedure to create an opening from the kidney to the outside to drain urine
peritoneal dialysis
procedure using the peritoneal membranes as a filter for the transfer of wastes out of the body and electrolytes into the body
renal scan
x-ray using an isotope to view the kidneys
urinalysis
laboratory study of the urine
AGN
acute glomerulonephritis
ATN
acute tubular necrosis
CVA
costovertebral angle
cysto
abbreviation of what?
cystoscopy
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
GFR
glomerular filtration rate
GU
genitourinary
I&O
intake and output
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
KUB
kidneys, ureters, bladder
(x-ray)
PD
peritoneal dialysis
RP
retrograde pyelogram
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
UA; U/A
urinalysis
UTI
urinary tract infection