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25 Cards in this Set

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adren/o
adrenal glands
adrenomegaly - enlargement of the adrenal glands.
adrenal/o
adrenal glands
adrenalectomy - excision of one or both of the adrenal glands.
calc/o
calcium
hypercalcemia - excessive calcium in the blood.
crin/o
secrete
endocrinology - study of endocrine glands and their function.
gluc/o
sugar; sweetness
glucogenesis - forming or producing glucose.
glyc/o
sugar; sweetness
hypoglycemia - abnormally low levels of glucose in the blood. Usually caused by the administration of too much insulin, excessive secretion of insulin, or dietary deficiency.
glycos/o
sugar; sweetness
glycosuria - abnormal amount of glucose in urine.
home/o
same; alike
homeostasis - state of equilibrium in the internal environment of the body.
kal/i
potassium
kalemia - potassium in the blood.
pancreat/o
pancreas
pancreatotomy - incision of the pancreas.
parathyroid/o
parathyroid gland
parathyroidectomy - excision of one or ore of the parathyroid gland.
thym/o
thymus glands
thymoma - tumor of the thymus gland. It is a rare neoplasm of the thymus gland. Treatment includes surgical removal, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.
thyr/o
thyroid gland
thyromegaly - enlargement of the thyroid gland.
thyroid/o
thyroid gland
hyperthyroidism - condition of excessive thyroid gland function.
toxic/o
poison
toxicologist - specialist in the study of poisons.
-crine
secrete
endocrine - secrete internally or within.
-dipsia
thirst
polydipsia - excessive thirst. Polydipsia, polyphagia, and polyuria are all associated with diabetes.
-gen
forming, producing
androgen - any steroid hormone that increases masculinization.
-toxic
poison
thyrotoxic - pertaining to the toxic activity of the thyroid gland.
-uria
urine
glycosuria - glucose in the urine.
eu-
good, normal
euthyroid - resembling a normal thyroid gland.
exo-
outside; outward
exocrine - secrete outwardly.
hyper-
excessive
hyperglycemia - condition of excess sugar in the blood. Consistent with diabetes patients or those treated with drugs such as prednisone.
hypo-
under, below
hypoinsulinism - condition of deficiency of insulin.
poly-
many, much
polyuria - excessive urination. Causes include diabetes, use of diuretics, excessive fluid intake, and hypercalcemia.