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103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ARMD
age-related macular degneration
astigm
astigmatism
D
diopter (lens strength)
EOM
extraocular movement
IOL
intraocular lens
IOP
intraocular pressur
mix astig
mixed astigmatism
Myop
myopia
OD
right eye
OS
left eye
OU
each eye; both eyes together
REM
rapid eye movement
ST
esotropia
VA
visual acuity
VF
visual field
XT
exotropia
AD
right ear
AS
left ear
AU
both ears
ENT
ear, nose, and throat
ECG
electrocardgiogram
EKG
electrocardiogram
mm
millimeter
MVR
massive vitreous retractor (blade)
achromatopsia
condition of color blindness that is more common in men
astigmatism
defective curvature of the cornea and lens, which causes light rays to focus unevenly over the retina rather than being focused on a single point, resulting in a distorted image
cataract
opacity (cloudiness) of the lens as a result of protein deposits on its surface that slowly build up until vision is lost
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva that can be caused by bacteria, allergy, irritation, or a foreign; also called pinkeye
diabetic retinopathy
retinal damage marked by aneurismal dilation of blood vessels
esotropia
strabismus in which there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward that of the other eye resulting in diplopia; also called cross-eye
exotropia
starbismus in which there is a deviation of the visual axis of one eye away from that of the other, resulting in diplopia; also called wall-eye
glaucoma
increased intraocular pressure caused by the failure of the aqueous humor to drain, which results in atrophy of the optic nerve and eventually may lead to blindness
hordeolum
small purulent inflammatory infection of a sebaceous gland of the eyelid; also called sty
macular degeneration
breakdown of the tissues in the macula resulting in loss of central vision
photophobia
unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light; occurs in diseases such as meningitis, inflammation of the eyes, measles, and rubella
retinal detachment
separation of the retina from the choroid, which disrupts vision and results in blindness if not repaired
starbismus
muscular eye disorder in which the eyes turn from the normal position so that they deviate in different directions
acoustic neuroma
benign tumor that devlops from the eighth cranial nerve and grows within the auditory canal
anacusis
total deafness; complete hearing loss
conductive hearing loss
hearing loss due to an impairment in the transmission of sound because of an obstruction of the ear canal or damage to the eardrum or ossicles
Meniere disease
rare disorder of unknown etiology within the labyrinth of the inner ear that can lead to a progressive loss of hearing
otitis media
middle ear infection, usually a result of bacterial infection
otosclerosis
progressive deafness due to ossification in the bony labyrinth of the inner ear
presbycusis
impairment of hearing resulting from the aging process
tinnitus
ringing in the ears
vertigo
sensation of moving around in space; a feeling of spinning or dizziness
tonometry
measuring of intraocular pressure by determining the resistance of the eyeball to indentation by an applied force; used to deteect glaucoma
visual acuity test
standard test of visual acuity in which a person is asked to read letters and numbers on a chart 20 feet away with the use of the Snellen chart
audiometry
test that measures hearing acuity of various sound frequencies
otoscopy
visual examination of the ear, especially the eardrum, using an otoscope
Rinne test
hearing acuity test that is performed with a vibrating tuning fork placed on the mastoid process, then in front of the external auditory cnal to test bone and air conduction
cataract surgery
excision of cataracts by surgical removal of the lens; to correct the visual deficit when the ee is without a lens, the insertion of an artifical lens or the use of eyeglasses or contact lenses is needed
corneal transplant
surgical transplantation of a donor cronea into the eye of a recipient; also called kerataplasty
extracapsular surgery
excision of most of the lens, followed by insertion of an intraocular lens transplant
iridectomy
excision of a portion of the iris
phacoemulsification
excision of the lens by ultrasonic vibrations that break the lens into tiny particles, which are suctioned out of the eye
cochlear implant
electronic transmitter that is surgically implanted into the cochlea of a deaf individual; performed to restore hearing loss
myringoplasty
surgical repair of a perforated eardrum with a tissue graft
myringotomy
incision of the eardrum to relieve pressure and release pus or serous fluid from the middle ear or to insert tympanostomy tubes surgically in the eardrum
acous/o
hearing
audi/o
hearing
aden/o
gland
blephar/o
eyelid
choroid/o
choroid
corne/o
cornea
dacry/o
tear lacrimal apparactus (duct, sac, or gland)
lacrim/o
tear; lacrimal apparactus (duct, sac, or gland)
dipl/o
double
irid/o
iris
kerat/o
horney tissue; hard; cornea
myring/o
tympanic membrane
tympan/o
tympanic membrane
ocul/o
eye
ophthalm/o
eye
ot/o
ear
retin/o
retina
salping/o
tube
scler/o
hardening; sclear (white of eye)
erythr/o
red
my/o
muscle
xanth/o
yellow
-ectomy
excision; removal
-tomy
incision
-acusis
hearing
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
-edema
swelling
-itis
inflammation
-logist
specialist in study of
-logy
study of
-malacia
softening
-opia
vision
-pathy
disease
-ptosis
prolapse; downward displacement
-rrhexis
rupture
-salpinx
tube
-scope
intrumet for examining
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
ana-
against; up; back
dipl-
double
exo-
outside, outward
hyper-
excessive, above normal