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110 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
AE
above the elbow
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AK
above the knee
AP
anteroposterio
BE
below the knee
C1,C2 to C7
first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra and so on
CT
computed tomography
CTS
carpal tunnel syndrome
Fx
fracture
HD
hip disarticulation; hemodialysis; hearing distance
HNP
herniated nucleus pulposus (Herniated disk)
IM
intramuscular
L1, L2 to L5
first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra and so on
ORTH
orthopedics
RA
rheumatoid arthritis
S1, S2 to S5
first sacral vertebra, second sacral vertebra and so on
T1, T2 to T12
first thoracic vertebra, second thoracic vertebra and so on
TKR
total knee replacement
anklyosis
immobility of a joint
Carpal tunnel syndrome
pain or numbness resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel (wrist canal through which the flexor tendons and median nerve pass)
contracture
fibrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint.
crepitation
grating sound made by movement of bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction
Ewing sarcoma
malignant tumor that develops from bone marrow, usually in long bones or the pelvis. It occurs most frequently in adolescent boys.
gout
hereditary metabolic disease that is a form of acute arthritis characterized by excessive uric acid in the blood and around the joints.
herniated disk
herniation or rupture of the nucleus pulposus between two vertebra.
osteoporosis
decrease in bone density with an increase in porosity, causing bones to become brittle and increasing the risk of fractures.
Paget disease
skeletal disease affecting elderly people that causes chronic inflammation of bones, resulting in thickening and softening of bones and bowing of long bones; also called osteitis deformans
rheumatoid arthritis
chronic systemic disease characterized by inflammatory changes in joints and related structures that result in crippling deformities.
sequestrum
fragment of a necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue.
kyphosis
increased curvature of the thoracic region of the vertebral column, leading to a humpback posture
lordosis
forward curvature of the lumbar region of the vertebral column, leading to a sway back posture.
scoliosis
abnormal sideward curvature of the spine, either to the left or to the right
muscular dystrophy
group of hereditary diseases characterized by gradual atrophy and weakness of muscle tissue.
myasthenia gravis
autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by severe muscular weakness and progressive fatigue.
rotator cuff injuries
injuries to the capsule of the shoulder joint, which is reinforced by muscles and tendons, also called musculotendinous rotator cuff injuries.
sprain
trauma to a joint that causes injury to the surrounding ligament, accompanied by paid and disability.
strain
trauma to a muscle from overuse or excessive forcible stretch
talipes
congenital deformity of the foot, also called club foot
tendonitis
inflammation of a tendon usually caused by injury or overuse; also called tendinitis
torticollis
spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles causing stiffness and twisting of the neck that may be congenital or acquired; also called wryneck.
arthrocentesis
puncture of a joint space with a needle to removed fluid.
rheumatoid factor
blood test to detect the presence of a rheumatoid factor, a substance presence in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
arthroplasty
surgical reconstruction or replacement of a painful, degenerated joint to restore mobility in rheumatoid or osteoarthritis or to correct a congenital deformity
arthroscopy
visual examination of the interior of a joint performed by inserting an endoscope through a small incision
sequestrectomy
excision of a necrosed piece of bone
total hip arthroplasty
replacement of the femur and acetabluum with metal components. The acetabulum is plastic coated to avoid metal to metal articulating surfaces.
arthr/o
joint
calc/o
calcium
calcane/o
calcaneum (heel bone)
carp/o
carpus (wrist bones)
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
chondr/o
cartilage
cost/o
ribs
crani/o
cranium (skull)
encephal/o
brain
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o
fibula (smaller, outer bone of lower leg)
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
lumb/o
loin (lower back)
metacarp/o
metacarpus (hand bones)
myel/o
bone marrow; spinal cord
my/o
muscle
oste/o
bone
patell/o
patella (kneecap)
sacr/o
sacrum
spin/o
spine
spondyl/o
vertebrae (backbone)
vertebr/o
vertebrae (backbone)
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
tend/o
tendon
tibi/o
tibia (larger inner bone of lower leg)
cyt/o
cell
cyst/o
bladder
dist/o
far, farthest
enter/o
intestine (usually small intestine)
hepat/o
liver
proxim/o
near
radi/o
radiation, x-ray, radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
roentgen/o
xrays
scler/o
hardening; sclera (white of eye)
-centesis
surgical puncture
-ectomy
excision, removal
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-tomy
incision
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
-cele
hernia, swelling
-cyte
cell
-emia
blood condition
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
-gram
record, writing specialist
-grahy
process of recording
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
-logist
specility in study of
-malacia
softening
-meter
instrument for measuring
-oma
tumor
-osis
abnormal condition
-pathy
disease
-plegia
paralysis
-rrhexis
rupture
en-
in, within
hemi-
one half
hypo-
under, below, deficient
inter-
between
peri-
around
quadri-
four