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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bucca
Cheeks
Mastication
Chewing process of the teeth, breaks down food into smaller pieces
Dentin
Main structure of the tooth
Bolus
chewed food, that is formed into a round sticky mass.
Pharynx
throat
Uvula
V. shaped tissue, that guides bolus into pharynx
Trachea
Tube that leads to the lungs.
Esopahgus
Tube that leads to the stomach
epiglottis
Covers trachea, prevent food from entering the trachea
Chyme
Pasty material that food is made into by mechanical and chemical digestion.
Rugae
Interior lining of the stomach, that are longitudinal folds which permit stomach distention
Duodenum
the uppermost divison of small intestine, which is about 10 inches long
Jejunum
which is approximately 8 feet long
ileum
about 12 feet long
cecum
first 2 or 3 inches of the large intestine
Large intestine regions
cecum
colon
rectum
anus
Liver
largest glandular organ in the body
Pancreas
Elongated, flattened organ that lies posterior and slightly inferior to the stomach.
cholangi/o
bile vessel
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
chole/e
bile, gall
choledoch/o
bile duct
hepat/o
liver
orexia
appetite
-pepsia
digestion
-prandial
meal
Hernia
Protrusion of an organ, tissue, or structure the the wall of the cavity in which is naturally contained.
Diaphragmatic hernia
Hernia in the diaphragm
Inguinal hernia
Hernia in the groin, where abdomial folds of meet the thighs
Umbilical hernia
Protrusion of part of the intestine at the navel
Volvulus
Life-threatening obstruction in which the bowel twists on itself
Ischemia
Loss of blood supply
Necrosis
Tissue Death
Peritonitis
Inflammation of the peritoneum
Intussusception
Telescoping of the intestine within itself
Jaundice
symptoms of liver disorder, yellowing of the skin
Icterus
Jaundice color of the skin
Diverticula
Small, blisterlike pockets that develop in the walls of the large intestine
Anorexia
loss of appetite
Ascites
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in abdomen or pleura.
Bulimia
Eating disorder characterized by binge eating and purging (vomitting)
Cachexia
General lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional disturbance
Crohn's disease
Granulomatous colitis
Regional eneritis
Inflammatory conditon of the intestinal tract, most commonly the ileum
Cirrhosis
Liver disease with degeneration of liver cells
Deglutition
The act of swallowing
Eructation
The act of belching; the raising of gas or a small quantity of acid from the stomach
Fecalith
Fecal Concretion
Flatus
Gas or air expelled through the anus
Gastroesophageal Reflux disease
Backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus caused by the regurgitation of HCI fro the stomach into the esophagus; heartburn
Hematemesis
Vomitting blood
Leukoplakia
White patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue or cheek, common in smokers and possibly a forerunner to cancer
Obstipation
Extreme constipation
Steatorrhea
Excessive amount of fat in the feces due to improper fat digestion
Emetics
Used to induce vomiting, especially in cases of poisoning
bid
Twice a day
qd
every day
qh
every hour
q2h
every 2 hours
qid
four times a day
tid
three times a day
Emetics
Used to induce vomitting, especially in cases of poisoning