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142 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cytoplasm
Gel-like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell but is contained within the membrane
deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
Molecule that holds genetic information and makes an exact copy of itself whenever a cell divides.
Diagnosis
identification of a disease or condition by scientific evaluatino of physical signs, symptoms, history, laboratory and clinical test results, adn radiographic procedures
Endoscope
instrument consisting of a rigid or flexible fiberoptic tube and optical system for observing the inside of a hollw organ or cavity
etiology
study of the cause of disease
fluoroscope
instrument consisting of an xray machine and a fluorescent screen used to view the interal organs of the body.
idiopathic
pertaining to conditions without clear pathogenesis or disease withough recognizable cause, as of spontaneous origin
metabolism
chemical changes that take place in a cell or an organism and produce energy and basic materials needed for all life processes
Prognosis
prediction of the course and end of a disease and the estimated chance of recovery
sign
any objective evidence or manifestation of an illness or disordered functino of the body
symptom
any change in the body or its functinos as percieved by the patient
Dorsal cavity
cranial, and spinal cavities
Ventral cavities
thoracic and abdominopelvic
sagittal
divides into left and right sides
coronal
divides into anterior and posterior, dorsal and ventral
Transverse
superior and inferior
abduction
movement away from the median plane of the body or one of its parts
adduction
movement toward the median plane of the body
medial
pertaining to the midline of the body or structure
lateral
pertaining to a side
superior (cephalad
toward head or upper portion of a structure
inferior
away from head lower
proximal
nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body
distal
further from the center of the body or from the point of attachment to the body
parietal
pertaining tot he outaer wall of the body cavity
visceral
pertaining to the viscera, covers organs
prone
lying horizontal with the face downward or indicating the hand with palms turned downward
supine
lying on the back with the face upward, or indicating the position of the hand or foot with the palm or foot facing upward
inversion
turning inward or inside out
eversion
turning outward
plamar
pertaining to the palm of the hand
plantar
sole of foot
cyto
cell
histo
tissue
nucleo, kary
nucleus
anter
anterior, front
caud
tail
crani
cranium
dist
far farthest
dors
back of body
infer
lower below
later
side
medi
middle
poster
back of body behind
proxim
near nearest
ventr
belly side
abdomin
abdomen
cervic
neck
gastro
stomach
ili
ilium
inguin
groin
lumb
lower back loins
umbilic
navel
pelv
pelvis
spin
spine
thorac
chest
albin
leuk
white
chlor
green
chrom
color
cirrh
jaundo
xanth
yellow
cyan
blue
erythr
red
melan
black
poli
gray
acr
extremity
eti
cause
fasci
band, fibrous membrane suporting and seperating muscles
idi
unknown peculiar
morph
form, shape, structure
path
disease
radi
radiation
somat
body
son
sound
viscer
internal organs
xer
dry
-logy
study of
-logist
specialist in the study of
-genesis
forming, producing, orgidin
-gnosis
knowing
-gram
record, writing
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
--meter
instrument for measuring
-metry
act of measuring
-pathy
disease
ab-
away from
ad-
toward
infra-
below, under
hetero-
different
homeo-
same, alike
homeo-
same alike
peri-
around
super-
above
trans-
across, through
ultra-
excess beyond
adhesion
abnormal fibrous band that holds normally seperated tissues together, usually occuring within a body cavity
analyte
substance being analyzed or tested generally by means of a chemical
contrast medium
in radiology a substance that is injected into the body, introduced via catheter, or swallowed to facilitate radiographic maging of internal structures that otherwise are difficult to visualize on xray films
dehiscence
busting open of a wound especially a surgical abdominal wound
febrile
feverish; pertaining to a fever
homeostasis
relative constancy or equilibrium in the internal environment of the body, which is maintained by the everchanging processes of feed back and regulation in response to external or internal changes
inflammation
body defense against injury infectino or allergy marked by redness, swelling, pain and sometimes lack of function
morbid
diseased pertaining to disease
nuclear medicine
branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis treatment and research
diagnostic
medical imaging using external sources of radiation to evaluate body structures and fuctinos of organs
interventional
use of imaging techniques in the nonsurgical treatment of various disorders such as balloon angioplasty and cardiac catheterization
therapeutic
use of ionizing radiation in the treatment of malignant tumors
radionuclides
substances that emit radiation spontaneously also called tracers
radiopharmaceutical
radionuclide attached toa protein, sugar, or other substance that travels to the organ or area of the body that will be scanned
sepsis
pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream
suppurative
producing or associated with generation of pus
endoscopy
visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
laparoscopy
visual examination of the organs of the pelvis and abdoment through very small incisions in the abdominal wall
thoracoscopy
examination of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted through a small incision between the ribs
complete blood count
common blood test that enumerates RBC WBC and platelets
urinalysis
common urine test that evaluates the physical chemical and microscopic properties of urine
ablation
removal of a part pathway or function by surgery chemical destruction electrocautery, freezing or radiofrequency
anastomosis
surgical joinging of two ducts vessels or bowel segments to allow flow from one another
cauterize
destroy tissue by electricity freezing heat or corrosive chemicals
curettage
scraping of a body cavity with a spoon shaped instrument called a curette
radical dissection
surgical removal of tissue in an extensive area surrounding the surgical site in an attempt to excise all tissue that may be malignant to decrease the chance of recurrence
resection
partial excision of a bone, organ or other structure
ant
anterior
AP
anteroposterior
bx
biopsy
ct
computed tomography
cat scan
computed axial tomography scan
DSA
digital subtraction angiography
dx
diagnosis
LAT
lateral
llq
left lower quadrant
luq
left upper quadrant
mri
magnetic resonance imaging
pa
posteroanterior
pet
psitron emission tomorgraphy
post
posterior
sono
sonogram
spect
single photon emission computed tomography
Sx
symptom
Tx
treatment
U&L
upper and lower
US
ultrasound