Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/127

Click to flip

127 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
alveol/o
alveolus (air sac)
bronch/o
bronchi/o
bronchus (airway)
bronchio/o
bronchiole (little airway)
capn/o
carb/o
carbon dioxide
laryng/o
larynx (voicebox)
lob/o
lobe (portion)
nas/o
rhin/o
nose
or/o
mouth
ox/o
oxygen
palat/o
palate
pharyng/o
pharynx (throat)
phren/o
diaphragm
pleur/o
pleura (lining of lungs)
pneum/o
pneumon/o
air or lung
pulmon/o
lung
sinus/o
sinus
spir/o
breathing
thorac/o
pector/o
steth/o
chest
tonsill/o
tonsil
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
uvul/o
uvula
-pnea
breathing
nose
entrance to respatory system
sinuses
air-filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavity
palate
roof of the mouth, divided into the hard and soft palate
pharynx
throat passageway for food to the esophagus and air to the larnyx
nasopharynx
part of the pharynx directly behind the nasal passages
oropharynx
central portion of the pharynx between the roof of the mouth and that upper edge of the epidlottis
laryngopharynx
lower part of the pharynx
tonsils
oval lymphatic tissues on each side of the pharynx that filter air
adenoid
lymphatic tissue on the back of the pharynx behind the nose
uvula
small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate
larynx
voice box, passage for air moving from the pharynx to the trachea
glottis
opening between the vocal cords in the larynx
epiglottis
lidlike structure that covers the larynx during swallowing
trachea
windpipe, passage from the larynx to the carina
bronchial tree
branched airways that lead from the trachea to the alveoli (airsacs)
bronchioles
progressively smaller tubular branches of the airways
alveoli
thin-walled microscopic air sacs that exchange gases
lungs
responsible for resperations
lobes
subdivisions of the lung, two on the left and three on the right
pleura
membranes enclosing the lung
diaphragm
separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal, moves to aid in breathing
mediastinim
seperates the thorax into two compartments
mucous membranes
thin sheets of tissue that line respiratory passages, secrete viscid (sticky)
cilia
hairlike processes from the surface of epithelial cells, move mucus secretions upward
parenchyma
functional tissues of any organ
eupnea
normal breathing
bradypnea
slow breathing
tachypnea
fast breathing
hypopnea
shallow breathing
hyperpnea
deep breathing
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
apnea
inability to breathe
orthopnea
ability to breathe only in an upright position
cheyne-stokes respiration
pattern of breatheing characterized by a gradulal increase of depth and sometimes rate of breathing
crackles
popping sounds heard on ausculation of the lung when air enters
wheezes
rhonchi
high-pitched, musical sounds heard on ausculation of the lung when air flows through a narrowed airway
stridor
high-pitched crowing sounds that occurs with an obstruction in the upper airway
cyanosis
bluish coloration of the skin caused by deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
dysphonia
hoarseness
epistaxis
nosebleed
expectoration
coughing up and spitting out material from the lungs
sputum
material expelled from the lungs by coughing
hemoptysis
coughing up and spitting out blood from the lungs
hypercapnia
hypercarbia
excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood
hyperventilation
excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs, causing HYPOcapnia (deficent CO2 levels in blood)
hypoventilation
deficent movement of air in and out of the lungs, causing HYPERcapnia (excessive CO2 levels in blood)
hypoxemia
deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
hypoxia
deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells
obstructive lung disorder
condition blocking the flow of air moving out of the lungs
restricive lung disorder
condition limiting the intake of air into the lungs
caseous necrosis
degeneration and death of tissue with a cheeselike appearance
pulmonary edema
fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli and eventually flooding into the alveoli
pulmonary infiltrate
desity on an xray representing the consolidation of matter within the air spaces of the lungs usually resulting from an inflammatory process
rhinorrhea
thin, watery discharge from the nose
asthma
panting, obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of their mucous membrane, characterized by paroxysmal attacks of wheezing, dyspnea and cough
atelecasis
collapse of lung tissue (alveoli)
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchi
bronchogenic carcinoma
lung cancer, originating in the bronchi
bronchospasm
constriction of bronchi caused by spasm of the peribronchial smooth muscle
bronchietasis
abnormal dilation of the bronchi with accumulation of mucus
emphysema
obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by overexpansion of the alveoli with air and destructive changes in their walls resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
permanent, destrucitve pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB)
croup
inflammation of the upper airways with swelling that creates and funnel-shaped elongation of tissue causing a distinct "sear bark" cough
laryngospasm
spasm of laryngeal muscles, causing a constriction
nasal polyposis
presence of numerous polyps in the nose
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx
coryza
head cold; inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes
pleural effusion
accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
empyema
pyothorax
accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
hemothorax
blood in pleural cavity
pleuritis
pleurisy
inflammation of pleura
pneumoconiosis
chronic restrictive pulmonary disease resulting from prolonged inhalation of fine dusts suck as coal, asbestos, or silicone
pneumonia
an inflammation in the lung caused by infection from bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites
pneumonia
pneumonia caused by an organism, typical in AIDS paients
pneumothorax
air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
pneumonitis
inflammation of the lung iften caused by hypersensitivity to chemicals or dusts
pulmonary embolism
occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, caused by a blood clot
pulmonary tuberculosis (TB)
disease caused by the presence of mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs, causes formation of tubercles and inflammation
sinusitis
inflammation of the sinuses
sleep apnea
periods of breathing cessation (10 seconds or more) that occur during sleep, often causing snoring
tonsillitis
acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils
upper respiratory infection (URI)
infectious deiseas of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages, pharynx and bronchi
arterial blood gases
analysis of arterial blood to determine adequacy of lung function in the exchange of gases
nasopharyngoscopy
use of a flexible endoscope to examine the nasal passages
auscultation
examination method, to listen, method of using body sounds to diagnois
percussion
examination method, tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to extimate the size, border or fluid content of a cavity
polysomnography (PSG)
recording of various aspects of sleep, diag of sleep disorders
pulmonary function testing (PFT)
direct and indirect measurements of lung volumes and capacities
spirometry
direct measurement of lung capacity
tidal volume (TV)
amount of air exhaled after a normal inspiration
vital capacity (VC)
amount of air exhaled after a maximal inspiration
peak flow (PF)
peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)
measure of the fastest flow of exhaled air after a maximal inspiration
pulmonary angiography
xray of the blood vessels of lungs after injection of contrast material
lobectomy
removal of a lobe of a lung
pneumonectomy
removal of an entire lung
thoracentesis
puncture for aspiration of the chest
thoracostomy
creation of an opening in the chest, usually to insert a tube
thoracotomy
incision into chest
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
when breathing and heart have stopped, artifical breathing and circulation
continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
device that pumps a constant pressurized flow through the nasal passages, commonly used during sleep to prevent airway closure
endotracheal intubation
passage of a tube into the trachea via nose or mouth to open the airway for dilivery of gas mixtures
incentive spirometry
common postoperative breathing threapy using a specially designed spirometer to encourage the patient to inhale and prevent pulmonary complications
histamine
a compound in the body that is released by injured cells in allergic reactions, inflammation and so on, causes constriction of bronchial smooth muscle
expectorant
drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing