Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/139

Click to flip

139 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
angi/o
vas/o
vascul/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
arteri/o
artery
ather/o
fatty lipid paste
atri/o
atrium
cardi/o
heart
coron/o
circle or crown
my/o
muscle
pector/o
steth/o
chest
sphygm/o
pulse
thromb/o
clot
ven/o
phleb/o
vein
varic/o
vein
varic/o
swollen, twisted
ventricul/o
ventricle (belly or pouch)
atrium
upper right or left chambers of heart
endocardium
membrane lining the cavities of the heart
epicardium
partition between right and left atrium
interventricular septum
partition between right and left ventricle
myocardium
heart muscle
pericardium
protective sac enclosing the heart composed of two layers with fluid between
ventricle
lower chambers of heart (left or right)
heart valves
structures within the heart that open and close with the heartbeat to regulate the one-way flow of blood
aortic valve
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
mitral or bicuspid valve
heart vavle between the left artium and left ventricle
pulmonary semilunar valve
heart valve opening from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery
tricuspid valve
valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle
valves of the veins
valves located at intervals in the veins, as they return to the heart
arteries
vessels that carry blood from the heart ot the arterioles
aorta
large artery that is the main trunk of the arterial system branching from the left ventricle
arterioles
small vessels that receive blood from the arteries
capillaries
tiny vessles that connect the arterioles and venules
venules
small vessels that gather blood from the capillaries into the veins
veins
vessles that carry blood to the heart from the venules
systemic circulation
dilivery of oxygen and nutrients to the body tissues
coronary circulation
dilivery of oxygen and nutrients to the heart
pulmonary circulation
dilivery of oxygen and nutrients to the lungs
diastole
to expand, the period in the cardiac cycle when blood enters the relaxed ventricles from the atria
systole
to contract, the period in the cardiac cycle when blood is ejected into the pulmonary artery and aorta
normotension
normal blood pressure
hypotension
low blood pressure
hypertension
high blood pressure
arteriosclerosis
hardening of arterial walls
atherosclerosis
buildup of fat that hardens the walls of arteries
atheromatous plaque
swollen area within the artery caused by fatty buildup
thrombus
stationary blood clot
embolus
mobile clot, (blood, air, foreign object) carried in blood stream. obstructs when it lodges
stenosis
narrowing of a part
constriction
compression of a part
occlusion
obstruction of a part
ischemia
to hold back blood, decreased blood flow to a tissue
infarct
to stuff, localized area of tissue death (necrosis) caused by ischemia (loss of blood flow)
angina pectoris
chest pain caused by temporary loss of oxygenated blood to heart, often caused by narrowing of coronary arteries
aneurysm
widening, bluging of the wall of heart, aorta, artery
saccular aneurysm
saclike buldge on one side
fusiform aneurysm
spindle-shaped bulge
dissecting aneurysm
split or tear of the vessel wall
claudication
to limp, pain in a limb caused by poor blood flow
heart murmur
abnormal sound from heart, produced by defects in chambers or valves
palpitation
subjective experience of pounding skipping or racing heartbeats
vegetation
to grow, an abnormal growth of tissue around a valve, result of infection
sinoatrial node
the pacemaker
atrioventricular node
center of heart, transfers impulses from SA to His
bundle of His
bundle of fibers running from the AV node to the purkinje fibers
purkinje fibers
fibers in the ventricles that transmit impulses that cause the ventricles to contract
polarization
resting, resting state of a myocardial cell
depolarization
change in cell from polarized (resting) state to a state of contraction
repolarization
recharging of the myocardial cell, from depolatized (contracted) to polarized (relaxed)
normal sinus rhythm (NSR)
regular rhythm of the heart cycle
arrhythmia
loss of rhythm in the cardiac cycle
bradycardia
slow heart rate (type of arrhythmia)
fibrillation
chaotic, irregular contractions (type of arrhythmia)
premature ventricular contraction (PVC)
ventricular contraction preceding the normal impulse from the SA node (type of arrhythmia)
tachycardia
fast heart rate (type of arrhythmia)
arteriosclerotic heart disease (ASHD)
hardening of the arteries, seen in smokers and the elderly
bacterial endocarditis
bacterial inflamation of the endocardium or the heart valves
cardiac tamponade
compression of the heart produced by the accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac
cardiomyopathy
disease of the heart muscle
congenital anomaly of the heart
malformations of the heart, presents at birth
atrial septal defect (ASD)
an opening in the septum separating the atria
coarctation of the aorta
narrowing of the descending portion of the aorta resulting in a limited flow of blood to the lower part of the body
patent ductus arteriosus
abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta, birth defect
ventricular septal defect (VSD)
an opening in the septum serarating the ventricles
congestive heart failure (CHF)
failure of the left ventricle to pump an adequate amount of blood to meet the demands of the body
cor pulmonale
right ventricular failure
enlargement of the right ventricle resulting from a chronic disease within the lungs
coronary artery disease (CAD)
condition affecting the arteries of the heart
hypertension (HTN)
high blood pressure
essential (primary) hypertension
high blood pressure attributed to no single cause
secondary hypertension
high blood pressure caused by another disease
mitral valve prolapse
protrusion of one of both cusps of the mitral valve back into the left atrium, backflow of blood
myocardial infarction
heart attack, coronary artery block, loss of blood flow
myocarditis
inflammation of the myocardium, by infection
pericarditis
inflammation of pericardium
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
rheumatic heart disease
damage to heart muscle and heart valves by rhumatic fever
thrombophlebitis
inflamation of a vein
varicose veins
defective vein valves, twisted vein apearance
deep vein thrombosis
formation of a clot in a deep body vein
auscultation
examination method using sounds of the body
gallop
abnormal heart sound, gait of a horse
Holter ambulatory monitor
portable electrocardiograph worn for ~24 hours
magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
MRI of heart or vessels
nuclear medicine imaging
radionuclide organ imaging
radiology
xray imaging
angiogram
record obtained by angiography
coronary angiogram
radiograph of the blood vessels of the heart
arteriogram
xray of a particular artery
aortogram
xray of the aorta
venogram
xray of a vein
cardiac catheterization
tube inserted into heart via veins, variety of uses
ventriculogram
xray of ventricles
stroke volume (SV)
measurement of amount of blood ejected from a ventricle in one contraction
cariac output (CO)
measurement of amount of blood ejected from either ventricle of the heart per minute
ejection fraction
measurement of volume percentrage of left ventricular contencts ejected with each contraction
echocardiography
sound imaging of the heart
coronary artery bypass graft
bypass an occluded coronary artery with surgery
anastomosis
opening, joining of two blood vesseles to allow flow from one to the other
valve replacment
replacement of a heart valve with a mechanincal one
valvuolplasty
repair of a valve
transmyocardial revascularization (TMR)
laser techique to open tiny channels in the heart muscle to restore blood flow
endovascular surgery
interventional procedures performed at the time of cardiac catheterization
angioscopy
use of angioscope that is guided through a specific blood vessel to visually assess a lesion
arteriotomy
incision into an artery
atherectomy
excision of atheromatous plaque from within an artery utilizing a device housed in a flexible catheter that selectively cuts away or pulverizes tissue buildup
embolectomy
incision into an artery for the removal of an embolus
thrombectomy
incision into an artery for the removal of a thrombus
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
ballon angioplasty
intravascular stent
implant used to reinforce the wall of a vessel
cardioversion
termination of tachycardia
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibiter
treats hypertension
antianginal
drug that dilates coronary arteries
beta-adrenergic blocking agents
inhibit sympathetic nerve activity, treat hypertension
calcium channel blockers
slow heart rate, treat hypertension
cardiotonic
drug that increases the force of contractions, treats heart failure
diuretic
increased unirnation, helps treat hypertension
hypolipidemic
drug that reduces serum fat
thrombolytic agents
dissolve blood clots
vasoconstrictor
drug that causes constrition of vessels
vasodilator
drug that causes dialation of vessels