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225 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
carp/o
wrist bones
cib/o
meals
cis/o
to cut
cost/o
rib
cutane/o
skin
dactyl/o
fingers, toes
duct/o
to lead, carry
flex/o
to bend
furc/o
forking, branching
gloss/o
tongue
glyc/o
sugar
immun/o
protection
morph/o
shape
mort/o
death
nat/i
birth
nect/o
to bind, tie, connect
norm/o
rule, order
ox/o
oxygen
pub/o
pubis (pubic bone); anterior portion of the pelvic or hipbone
seps/o
infection
somn/o
sleep
son/o
sound
the/o
to put, place
thel/o
nipple
thyr/o
thyroid gland; shield
top/o
place, position, location
tox/o
poison
trache/o
windpipe, trachea
urethr/o
urethra
-blast
embryonic, immature
-crine
to secrete
-cyesis
pregnancy
-drome
to run
-fusion
coming together; to pour
-gen
substance that produces
-lapse
to slide, fall, sag
-lysis
breakdown, separation, loosening
-meter
to measure
-mission
to send
-or
one who
-partum
birth, labor
-phoria
to bear, carry; feeling (mental state)
-physis
to grow
-plasia
development, formation
-plasm
structure or formation
-pnea
breathing
-ptosis
droop, sag, prolapse
-stasis
stop, control
-trophy
nourishment, development
without breathing
apnea
without oxygen
anoxia
ab-
away from
a-, an-
no, not, without
ad-
toward
a muscle that draws a limb away from the body
abductor
a muscle that draws a limb toward the body
adductor
endocrine glands that lie on top of each kidney
adrenal glands
ana-
up, apart
ante-
before, forward
anti-
against
auto-
self, own
bi-
two
brady-
slow
cata-
down
con-
with, together
contra-
against, opposite
de-
down, lack of
dia-
through, complete
dys-
bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
ec-, ecto-
out, outside
en-, endo-
in, within
epi-
upon, on, above
eu-
good, normal
ex-
out, away from
hemi-
half
process of building up or synthesizing substances (such as proteins) in a cell
anabolism
separation of a substance into various parts
analysis
ante dibuc (a.c.)
before meals
bending forward
anteflexion
before birth
antepartum
destruction of microorganisms to prevent infection
antisepsis
against life (germ life); drugs given to combat bacteria
antibiotic
substance (protein) that stimulates the production of antibodies
antigen
protein made by white blood cells to destroy antigens
antibody
an antibody, often from an animal, that acts against a toxin
antitoxin
a disease caused by the production of antibodies against one's own normal cells
autoimmune disease
normal splitting into two branches
bifurcation
usually, a pulse of less than 60; a slow heart rate
bradycardia
pertaining to both or two sides
bilateral
cellular process of breaking down of a complex substance into simple compounds; energy is released to do the work of the cell
catabolism
an irregularity in a structure or organ
anomaly
abnormality present a birth; birth defect
congenital anomaly
tissue that supports and binds other tissues and parts (bone, cartilage, muscle or fibrous tissues)
connective
a factor that prohibits the administration of a drug or procedure in the care of a patient
contraindication
affecting the opposite side of a part of the body
contralateral
excessive loss of water
dehydration
measurement between opposites, e.g., blood vessel or intestine; points on the periphery of a circular body part
diameter
the frequent passage of watery, loose stools
diarrhea
separation of nitrogenous wastes from the blood when the kidneys no longer function
dialysis
difficult breathing
dyspnea
condition of abnormal formation
dysplasia
pregnancy that is not in the normal location (uterus); a fallopian tube is the most common site
ectopic pregnancy
the inner lining of the heart
endocardium
instrument to visually examine within the body
endoscope
pertaining to within the trachea
endotracheal
placed through the mouth into the trachea, used for giving oxygen and in general anesthesia procedures
endotracheal tube
layer of cells covering the external surface of the body and lining the hollow tubes within the body
epithelium
exaggerated feeling of well-being
euphoria
normal thyroid function
euthyroid
protrusion of the eyeball associated with enlargement and overactivity of the thyroid gland; also called proptosis
exophthalmos
removal (resection) of half the tongue
hemiglossectomy
without oxygen
anoxia
ab-
away from (notice that the b faces away from the a)
ad-
toward (notice that the d faces toward the a)
a muscle that draws a limb toward the body
adductor
a muscle that draws a limb away from the body
abductor
glands that lie on top of each kidney
adrenal
abduction
moving away from
adduction
moving toward
ana-
up, apart
ante-
before, forward
anti-
against
auto-
self, own
bi-
two
brady-
slow
cata-
down
con-
with, together
contra-
against, opposite
de-
down, lack of
dia-
through, complete
dys-
bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
ec-, ecto-
out, outside
en-, endo-
in, within
epi-
upon, on, above
eu-
good, normal
ex-
out, away from
hemi-
half
process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials
anabolism
process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances and release energy
catabolism
a laboratory examination of urine that aids in the diagnosis of many medical conditions
urinalysis
the notation seen on prescription orders, means before meals
a.c. (ante cibum)
abnormal forward bending of an organ or part
anteflexion
before birth
antepartum
against infection
antisepsis
a substance that fights infection
antiseptic
destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria
antibiotic
protein produced against an antigen
antibody
foreign body
antigen
a substance that produces an antibody
antigen
an antibody, often from an animal such as a horse, that acts against a toxin
antitoxin
producing antibodies against one's own normal cells
autoimmune
normal splitting into two branches
bifurcation (e.g., of the trachea to form the bronchi)
usually a pulse of less than 60; a slow heart rate
bradycardia
an irregularity in a structure or organ
anomaly
tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts
connective
examples of connective tissue
bone, cartilage, fibrous tissue
contra-
against, opposite
de-
down, lack of
dia-
through, complete
dys-
bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
ec-, ecto-
out, outside
en-, endo-
in, within
epi-
upon, on, above
eu-
good, normal
ex-
out, away from
hemi-
half
any condition, especially any condition or disease, which renders some particular line of treatment improper or undesirable
contraindication
pertaining to the opposite side
contralateral
lack of water
dehydration
literally, complete separation
dialysis
waste materials from the blood are removed via a machine (artificial kidney)
hemodialysis
shortness of breath, often caused by a respiratory or cardiac conditions, strenuous exercise, or anxiety
dyspnea
abnormality of development, in pathology, alteration in size, shape and organization of adult cells
dysplasia
pregnancy that develops outside the uterus
ectopic
within the heart; innermost lining of the heart cavities
endocardium
instrument to view inside the body
endoscope
within the trachea
endotracheal
used for giving oxygen and in general anesthesia procedures, placed through the mouth
endotracheal tube
the covering of internal and external surfaces of the body, including the lining of vessels and other small cavities
endothelium
exaggerated feeling of well-being
euphoria
normal thyroid function
euthyroid
protrusion of the eyeball associated with enlargement and overactivity of the thyroid gland; also called proptosis
exophthalmos
surgical removal of one-half of the tongue
hemiglossectomy
hyer-
excessive, above
hypo-
deficient, under
in-
not, into, within
infra-
beneath
inter-
between
intra-
into, within
macro-
large
mal-
bad
meta-
beyond, change
micro-
small
neo-
new
pan-
all
para-
abnormal, beside, near
per-
through
peri-
surrounding
poly-
many, much
post-
after, behind
pre-
before, in front of
pro-
before, forward
pseudo-
false
hyperglycemia
diabetes mellitus
increase in cell numbers
hyperplasia (characteristic of tumor growth)
symptoms (rash, fever) that appear before the actual illness and signal its onset
prodromal
development of signs of pregnancy but without the presence of an embryo
pseudocyesis
re-
back, again
retro-
behind, backward
sub-
under
supra-
above, upper
syn-, sym-
together, with
tachy-
fast
trans-
across, through
ultra-
beyond, excess
uni-
one
an abnormal position of an organ, such as the uterus, bent or tilted backward
retroflexion
webbed fingers or toes
syndactyly
respiratory rate that is too rapid
tachypnea
endocrine glands located above each kidney
adrenal glands
destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
antibiotic
disease that can result if the mother is Rh- and the baby is Rh+
hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) or erythroblastosis fetalis
on the other side
contralateral
inherited connective tissue disorder marked by a tall, thin body type with long, "spidery" fingers and toes
Marfan syndrome
joint in which the bony surfaces are firmly united by a layer of fibrocartilage
symphysis