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82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
bi-
two
-cele
hernia, tumor, swelling
myo-
muscle
fascio-
fascia (covers/supports/separates)
teno-, tendo-, tendino-
tendon (muscle to bone)
dys-
bad, abnormal
-ia
abnormal condition, disease OR plural of -ium
-ic
pertaining to
kinesio-
movement
fibro-
fiber
plegia-
paralysis, stroke
-rrhexis
rupture
taxo-
coordination, order
tono-
tension, tone, stretching
tri-
three
abduction
movement away from midline
Achilles tendonitis
inflammation of Achilles tendon caused by stress
adduction
movement toward midline
adhesion
band of fibrous tissue holds structures together abnormally, can form in muscles/organs from injury/surgery
anticholinergic
meds adminitstered to control spasmodic activity of smooth muscles (i.e. intestine) AKA antispasmodic
ataxia
inability to coordinate voluntary muscle activity
atonic
lacking normal muscle tone or strength
atrophy
weakness or wearing away of tissue structures caused by pathology or prolonged disuse
atropine
an antispasmodic med, may be administered preoperatively to relax smooth muscles
bradykinesia
extreme slowness in movement
carpal tunnel syndrome
swelling that creates pressure on the median nerve as it passes thru the carpal tunnel
circumduction
circular rotation of limb at the far end
contracture
permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tedons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when lastic connective tissues are replased with non-elastic fibrous tissues
dorsiflexion
upward flexure of foot
dyskinesia
distortion or impairment of voluntary movement
dystonia
condition of abnormal muscle tone
electromyography
diagnostic procedure measures electrical activity w/in muscle fibers as a result of nerve stimulation
electronueromyography
diagnostic procedure for testing and recording neuromuscular activity by the electric stimulation of the nerve trunk that carries fibers to and from the muscle; aka nerve conduction studies
epicondylitis
inflammation of tissue surrounding the elbow
ergonomics
study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
fascitis
inflammation of fascia
fascioplasty
surgical repair of a fascia
fibromyalgia
fatigue and pain in muscles, ligaments, and/or tendons
ganglion cyst
harmless fluid filled swelling that occurs most often on outer surface of wrist
hemiparesis
slight paralysis of one side of body
hemiplegia
total paralysis of one side of body
hyperkinesia
abnormally increased motor function, aka hyper activity
hypertonia
a condition of excessive tone of the skeletal muscles
hypokinesia
decreased activity
hypotonia
diminished tone
impingement syndrome
inflammation of tendons that get caught in the narrow space between the bones of the shoulder joint
intermittent claudication
pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest
kinesiology
study of muscular activity and resulting movement
muscular dystrophy
group of 20 inherited muscle disorders, muscle weakness w/o affecting nervous system
myalgia
muscle pain
myasthenia gravis
chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuronomuscular junction and produces serious voluntary muscle weakness
myocele
protrusion of a muscle thru its ruptured sheath
myoclonus
muscle spasm or twitch
myofascial damage
tenderness and swelling of muscles/fascia due to overworking
myolysis
breaking down of muscle tissue
myoparesis
weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle
myorrhaphy
surgical suturing of a muscle
myositis
inflammation of a skeletal muscle
myotonia
delayed relaxation after strong contraction of a muscle
paraplegia
paralysis of both legs
physiatrist
specialist in physical meds and rehab
plantar fascitis
inflammation of plantar fascia
polymyositis
inflammation of more than one muscle at the same time
pronation
palms down
quadriplegia
paralysis of all four extremities
sarcopenia
reduction of muscle mass in the elderly
singultus
myoclonus of diaphragm aka hiccups
spasmodic torticollis
stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of neck muscles that pull the head to contracted side aka wryneck
sphincter
ring-like constricting muscle
supination
palms up
tenodesis
suturing the end of a tendon to a bone
tenodynia
pain in a tendon
tenolysis
freeing a tendon from an adhesion
tenorrhaphy
surgical suturing of a divided tendon
ADL
activities of daily living
DTR
deep tendon reflexes
EMG
electromyography
MD
muscular dystrophy
MG
myasthenia gravis
PT
physical therapy
quad
quadriplegia
ROM
range of motion