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208 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abdomin/o
abdomen
acr/o
extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o
sharp, severe, sudden
aden/o
gland
adip/o
fat
amni/o
amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
angi/o
vessel
arteri/o
artery
arthr/o
joint
axill/o
armpit
bi/o
life
blephar/o
eyelid
bronch/o
bronchial tubes
carcin/o
cancer
cardi/o
heart
chem/o
drug, chemical
chondr/o
cartilage
chron/o
time
col/o
colon
cyst/o
urinary bladder
encephal/o
brain
erythr/o
red
hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
hydr/o
water, fluid
inguin/o
groin
isch/o
to hold back
lapar/o
abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o
larynx
leuk/o
white
lymph/o
lymph
a clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces
lymph
mamm/o
breast
morph/o
shape, form
muc/o
mucus
my/o
muscle
myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o
death (of cells or whole body)
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
neutr/o
neutrophil
nucle/o
nucleus
ophthalm/o
eye
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
path/o
disease
peritone/o
peritoneum
phag/o
to eat, swallow
phleb/o
vein
plas/o
formation, development
pleur/o
pleura
pneumon/o
lungs
pulmon/o
lungs
radi/o
x-rays
rect/o
rectum
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
sarc/o
flesh
splen/o
spleen
staphyl/o
clusters
strept/o
twisted chains
thorac/o
chest
thromb/o
clot
tonsill/o
tonsils
trache/o
trachea
ven/o
vein
-algia
pain
-cele
hernia
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-coccus (plural: -cocci)
berry-shaped bacterium
-cyte
cell
-dynia
pain
-ectomy
excision, removal, resection
-emia
blood condition
-genesis
condition of producing, forming
-gram
record
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
-itis
inflammation
-logy
study of
-lysis
breakdown, destruction, separation
-malacia
softening
bulging of the front wall of the rectum into the vagina
rectocele
bulging of the bladder into the vagina
cystocele
removal of fluid in the pleura through a needle
thoracentesis
a tube is placed through an incision in the abdomen and fluid is removed from the peritoneal cavity
abdominocentesis (abdominal paracentesis)
pain in the chest wall muscles that is aggravated by breathing
pleurodynia
inadequate blood supply (circulation) to a local area due to blockage of the blood vessels to the area
ischemia
the process of developing new blood vessels
angiogenesis
the creation of cancer
carcinogenesis
x-ray record taken after injections of contrast material into membranes (meninges) surrounding the spinal cord
myelogram
a procedure performed to view blood vessels after injecting them with a radio-opaque dye that outlines them on x-ray
angiography
inflammation of a vein that occurs when a blood clot forms
thrombophlebitis (phlebitis)
literally, the study of form; the study of structure; the form itself, as of an organ or part of the body
morphology
breakdown of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin
hemolysis
-megaly
enlargement
-oma
tumor, mass, collection of fluid
-opsy
to view
-osis
condition, usually abnormal
-pathy
disease condition
-penia
deficiency
-phobia
fear
-plasia
development, formation, growth
-plasty
surgical repair
-ptosis
drooping, sagging, prolapse
-sclerosis
hardening
-scope
instrument for visual examination
-scopy
process of visual examination (with an endoscope)
-stasis
stopping, controlling
-stomy
opening to form a mouth (stoma)
-therapy
treatment
-tomy
incision, cutting into
condition due to the production of too much growth hormone by the pituitary gland after the end of adolescence
acromegaly
enlargement of the spleen
splenomegaly
myoma
a benign tumor of smooth muscle
myosarcoma
a malignant tumor arising from connective tissue
autopsy or postmortem examination
necropsy
death of cells or tissues through injury or disease
necrosis
accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter
hydronephrosis
increase in the number of white blood cells
leukocytosis
primary disease of the heart muscle in the absence of a known underlying etiology
cardiomyopathy
a decrease in the number of red blood cells circulating within the blood
erythropenia
a decrease in the number of neutrophils circulating within the blood
neutropenia
a decrease in the number of thrombocytes circulating within the blood
thrombocytopenia
fear of heights
acrophobia
an anxiety disorder marked by fear of venturing out into a crowded place
agoraphobia
acr/o
extremities
an inherited disorder in which the bones of the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size because of a defect in both cartilage and bone
achondroplasia
protrusion of an organ or the muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it
hernia
occurs when the stomach protrudes upward into the mediastinum through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm
hiatal hernia
occurs when part of the intestine protrudes downward into the groin region and commonly into the scrotal sac in the male
inguinal hernia
a herniation of the intestines through the navel occurring in infants at birth
omphalocele
opening a narrowed blood vessel (artery) using a balloon that is inflated after insertion into the vessel; stents (slotted tubes) are then put in place to keep the artery open
angioplasty
drooping upper eyelid
blepharoptosis
drooping of the upper eyelids or the breasts
ptosis
the spread of a malignant tumor beyond its original site to a secondary organ or location
metastasis
blood flow is stopped naturally by clotting or artificially by compression or suturing of a wound
hemostasis
a surgical clamp
hemostat
creation of a large incision into the peritoneal cavity, often performed on an exploratory basis
laparotomy
an opening that connects the colon to the surface of the abdomen
colostomy
a surgical operation to create an opening (stoma) into the trachea
tracheostomy
water treatment
hydrotherapy
chemical treatment
chemotherapy
high-energy radiation used to treat illness
radiotherapy
obtaining blood from a vein
phlebotomy
an incision into the trachea to open it below a blockage
tracheotomy
harding of the arteries
arteriosclerosis
a form of arteriosclerosis in which deposits of fat collect in an artery
atherosclerosis
ather/o
fatty material
-trophy
development, nourishment
cells increase in size, not number
hypertrophy
cells decrease in size
atrophy
-er
one who
-ia
condition
-ist
specialist
-ole
little, small
-ule
little, small
-um, -ium
structure, tissue
-us
structure, substance
-y
condition, process
a technologist who assists in the making of diagnostic x-ray
radiographer
eso-
within, inward
-ac, -iac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-ar
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-eal
pertaining to
-genic
pertaining to producing, produced by, or in
-ic, -ical
pertaining to
-oid
resembling
-ose
pertaining to, full of
-ous
pertaining to
-tic
pertaining to
a malignant tumor produced in bone
osteogenic sarcoma
_____ is the opposite of chronic
acute
describes a disease that is of rapid onset and has severe symptoms and brief duration
acute
names of the five leukocytes (Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas)
neutrophil
lymphocyte
monocyte
eosinophil
basophil
leukocyte with reddish-staining granules; are active and increased in number in allergic conditions such as asthma
eosinophils (about 3% of leukocytes)
granulocytic white blood cell that increases during the healing phase of inflammation
basophils (about 1% of leukocytes)
There are five different kinds of leukocytes: three _____ and two _____ cells.
granulocytes
mononuclear
granulocytic white blood cell (granules stain purple) that destroys foreign cells by engulfing and digesting them
neutrophils (about 50-60% of leukocytes); also called polymorphonuclear leukocyte
cells that engulf and digest bacteria (e.g., neutrophils)
phagocytes
mononuclear white blood cell that destroys foreign cells by making antibodies
lymphocytes (about 32% of leukocytes)
Two types of lymphocytes are _____ cells and ____ cells.
T
B
mononuclear white blood cell that engulfs and digests cellular debris; contains one large nucleus
monocytes
large phagocytes
macrophages
Monocytes leave the bloodstream and enter tissues to become _____, which are large phagocytes
macrophages
have one large nucleus and only a few granules in their cytoplasm
mononuclear leukocytes (agranulocytes)
_____ are actually tiny fragments of cells formed in the bone marrow and necessary for blood clotting (the third type of blood cell)
thrombocytes (platelets)
literally, "no blood"
anemia
_____ anemia occurs when bone marrow fails to produce not only erythrocytes but leukocytes and thrombocytes as well
aplastic
Tissue that becomes _____ loses its normal flow of blood and becomes deprived of oxygen.
ischemic
The _____ are lymphatic tissue in back of the throat that contain lymphocytes which filter and fight bacteria.
tonsils
Acromegaly occurs when the _____ produces an excessive amount of growth hormone after the completion of puberty.
pituitary gland
occurs with development of high blood pressure in hepatic veins (portal hypertension) and hemolytic blood diseases
splenomegaly
small masses of lymphatic tissue in the part of the pharynx near the nose and nasal passages
adenoids
large abdominal incision to remove an ovarian adenocarcinoma
laparotomy
removal of an adenocarcinoma of the breast
mastectomy
removal of abdominal fluid from the peritoneal space
paracentesis
surgical procedure to remove pharyngeal lymphatic tissue
tonsillectomy
surgical procedure to open clogged coronary arteries
angioplasty
method of removing fluid from the chest (pleural effusion)
thoracentesis
procedure to drain feces from the body after bowel resection
colostomy
x-ray procedure used to examine blood vessels before surgery
angiography
minimally invasive surgery within the abdomen
laparoscopy
enlargement of the liver
hepatomegaly
new opening of the windpipe to the outside of the body
tracheostomy
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
abdominocentesis (paracentesis)