• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
oral cavity
cavity that receives food for digestion
salivary glands
three pairs of exocrine glands in the mouth that secrete saliva: parotid, submandibular (submaxillary) and the sublingual glands
cheeks
lateral walls of the mouth
lips
fleshy structures surrounding the mouth
palate
structure that forms the roof of the mouth; divided into soft and hard palate
uvula
small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate
tongue
muscular structure of the floor of the mouth covered by mucous membrane and secured by band-like membrane known as the frenulum
gums
tissue covering the processes of the jaws
teeth
hard bony projections in the jaws for masticating (chewing) food
pharynx
throat; passageway for food traveling to esophagus and for air traveling to larynx
esophagus
muscular tube that moves food from pharynx to stomach
stomach
sac-like organ that chemically mixes and prepares food received from the esophagus
cardiac sphincter
opening from esophagus to the stomach
pyloric sphincter
opening from the stomach to the duodenum
small intestine
smaller tubular structure that digests food received from the stomach
duodenum
first portion of the small intestine
jejunum
second portion of the small intestine
ileum
third portion of the small intestine
large intestine
larger tubular structure that receives the liquid waste products of digestion, reabsorbs water and minerals, and forms and stores feces for defecation
cecum
first part of the large intestine
vermiform appendix
worm-like projection of lymphatic tissue hanging off the cecum with no digestive function; may help to resist infection
colon
portions of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum; identified by direction or shape
ascending colon
portion of the colon that extends upward from the cecum
transverse colon
portion of the colon that extends across from the ascending cecum
descending colon
portion of the colon that extends downward from the transverse colon
sigmoid colon
portion of the colon (resembling an "S" in shape) that terminates at the rectum
rectum
distal (end) portion of the large intestine
rectal ampulla
dilated portion of the rectum just above the anal canal
anus
opening of the rectum to the outside of the body
feces
waste formed by the absorption of water in the large intestine; usually solid
defecation
evacuation of feces from the rectum
peritoneum
membrane surrounding the entire abdominal cavity and consisting of the parietal layer (lining the abdominal wall) and the visceral layer (covering each organ in the abdomen)
peritoneal cavity
space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum
omentum
extension of the peritoneum attached to the stomach and connecting it with other abdominal organs
liver
organ in the upper right quadrant that produces bile, which is secreted into the duodenum during digestion
gallbladder
receptacle that stores and concentrates the biles produced in the liver
pancreas
gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum, where it mixes with bile to digest food
biliary ducts
ducts that convey bile; include the hepatic, cystic, and common bile ducts
hypochondriac regions
upper lateral regions beneath the ribs
epigastric region
upper middle region below the sternum
lumbar regions
middle lateral regions
umbilical region
region of the navel
inguinal regions
lower lateral groin regions
hypogastric region
region below the navel