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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
coronal (frontal) plane
vertical division of the body into anterior and posterior sections
sagittal plane
vertical division of the body into right and left sections
transverse plane
horizontal division of the body into upper and lower sections
anterior (A)
ventral
front of body
posterior (P)
dorsal
back of body
anterior-posterior (AP)
from front to back
posterior-anterior (PA)
from back to front
superior
cephalic
situated above another structure, toward the head
inferior
caudal
situated below another structure, away from the head
proximal
toward the beginning or origin of a structure
distal
away from the beginning or origin of a structure
medial
toward the middle (midline)
lateral
toward the side
axis
line that runs thru the center of the body or a body part
erect
normal standing position
decubitus
lying down, especially in bed
prone
lying face down and flat
recumbent
lying down
supine
horizontal recumbent; lying flat on back - "on the spine"
flexion
bending at the joint so that the angle between the bones is decreased
extension
strainghtening at the joint so that the angle between the bones is increased
abduction
movement away from the body
adduction
movement toward the body
rotation
circular movement around an axis
eversion
turning outward, i.e. of a foot
inversion
turning inward, i.e. of a foot
supination
turning upward or forward of the palmar or plantar surface

Hint: hand holding a cup of "soup"
pronation
turning downward or backward of the palmar or plantar surface
dorsiflexion
bending of the foot or the toes upward
plantar flexion
bending of the sole of the foot by curling the toes toward the ground
range of motion (ROM)
total motion possible in a joint, described by the terms related to body movements; measured in degrees
goniometer
instrument used to measure joint angles