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126 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anaphylaxis
exaggerated, life threatening hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encountered antigen
cellular immunity
acquired specific resistance, mediated by T cells, that produces reactive substances or directly exerts a cytotoxic effect on a cell that is identified as harmful
host
organism in or on which another, usually parasitic, organism is nourished and harbored
humoral immunity
acquired specific resistance, mediated by B cells, that produces antibodies that bind to and dispose of antigens
immunocompetent
able to develop an immune response; able to recognize antigens and respond to them
opportunistic infection
infection occurring in a person with a weakened ummune system and caused by a microorganism that, under normal conditions, would not bring about disease
palliative treatment
treatment that provides relief, but not a cure
serum
liquid portion of blood that remains after the removal of fibrinogen
aden/o
gland
agglutin/o
clumping, gluing
bas/o
base
blast/o
embryonic cell
eosin/o
dawn(rose-colored)
lymphaden/o
lymph gland (node)
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
myel/o
bone marrow, spinal cord
neutr/o
neutral, neither
phag/o
swallowing, eating
plas/o
formation, growth
poikil/o
varied, irregular
reticul/o
net, mesh
sider/o
iron
-globin
protein
-graft
transplantation
-osis
abnormal condition; increase
-phil
attraction for
-stasis
standing still
allo-
other, differing from the normal
aniso-
unequal, dissimilar
articulation
place of union between two or more bones; AKA joint
cruciate ligaments
ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles
hematopoiesis
production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
meatus
an opening or passage through any part of the body
ankyl/o
stiffness; bent, crooked
kyph/o
hill, mountain
lamin/o
lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lord/o
curve, swayback
myel/o
bone marrow; spinal cord
orth/o
straight
ped/o, ped/i
foot; child
scoli/o
crooked, bent
acromi/o
acromion (projection of scapula)
calcane/o
calcaneum(heel bone)
carp/o
carpus (wrist bone)
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
clavicul/o
clavicle (collarbone)
cost/o
ribs
dactyl/o
fingers; toes
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o
fibula (smaller bone of lower leg)
ischi/o
ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
metacarp/o
metacarpus(hand bone)
metatars/o
metatarsus (foot bone)
patell/o
patella(kneecap)
pub/o
pelvis bone(anterior part of pelvic bone)
spondyl/o
vertebrae(backbone)
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
tibi/o
tibia (larger bone of lower leg)
leiomy/o
smooth muscle (visceral)
rhabd/o
rod-shaped (striated)
rhabdomy/o
rod-shaped (striated) muscle
chondr/o
cartilage
fasci/o
band, fascia
fibr/o
fiber, fibrous tissue
synov/o
synovial membrane, synovial fluid
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
tendon
-asthenia
weakness, debility
-desis
binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
-malacia
softening
-physis
growth
-porosis
porous
cortex
outer layer of an organ or body structure
electrolytes
mineral salts (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carry an electric charge in solution
erythropoietin (EPO)
glycoprotein hormone produced by certain cells in the kidney
libido
sexual desire or drive, either conscious or unconscious
meatus
an opening or passage through any part of the body
medulla
inner or central portion of an organ
micturition
the discharge of urine; urination
nitrogenous wastes
products of cellular metabolism that contain nitrogen
percutaneous
procedure performed through the skin, as in a biopsy
reflux
backward or return flow of a fluid, such as vesicoureteral reflux, where urine backs up into the renal pelvis
urea
prnicpal nitrogenous end product of protein metabolism excreted in urine and perspiration
cyst/o, vesic/o
bladder
andr/o
male
balan/o
glans penis
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o
testis
prostat/o
prostate gland
spermat/o, sperm/o
spermatozoa, sperm cells
vas/o
vessel; vas deferens; duct
varic/o
seminal vesicle
albumin/o
albumin, protein
bacteri/o
bacteria
crypt/o
hidden
gonad/o
gonads, sex glands
kal/i
potassium (an electrolyte)
keton/o
ketone bodies (acids and acetone)
noct/o
night
olig/o
scanty
py/o
pus
-cide
killing
-spadias
slit, fissure
fulguration
destruction of tissue using a high-frequency electrical current
genitalia
the sex, or reproductive, organs visible on the outside of the body
gestation
the length of time from conception to birth
glans
small, rounded mass or glandlike body; erectile tissue at the ends of the clitoris and the penis
viable
capable of sustaining life; denotes a fetus sufficiently developed to live outside of the uterus
amni/o
amnion (amniotic sac)
colp/o, vagin/o
vagina
galact/o, lact/o
milk
gynec/o
woman, female
hyster/o
uterus (womb)
mamm/o, mast/o
breast
men/o
menses, menstruation
metri/o, uter/o
uterus (womb)
metr/o
uterus (womb); measure
oophor/o, ovari/o
ovary
perine/o
perineum
salping/o
tube(usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)
-arche
beginning
-cyesis
pregnancy
-gravida
pregnant woman
-para
to bear (offspring)
-salpinx
tube
-tocia
childbirth, labor
-version
turning