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86 Cards in this Set

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agnosia
loss of mental ability to understand sensory stimuli, such as sight, sound, or touch, even though sensory organs themselves are functioning properly.
agraphia
Inability to convert one's thoughts into writing.
alexia
Inability to understand written words.
analgesia
Without sensitivity to pain.
anesthesia
Without feeling or sensation.
aneurysm
Localized dilation in the wall of an artery that expands with each pulsation of the artery; usually caused by hypertension or atherosclerosis.
aphasia
Inability to communicate through speech, writing or signs because of an injury to or disease in certain areas of the body.
apraxia
Inability to perform coordinated movements or use objects properly not associated with sensory or motor impairment or paralysis.
ataxia
without muscular coordination
aura
sensation an individual experiences prior to the onset of a migraine headache or an epileptic seizure, it may be a sensation of light or warmth and may precede the attack by hours or only a few seconds.
bradykinesia
abnormally slow movement.
Brudzinksi's sign
Positive sign of meningitis, in which there is an involuntary flexion of the arm, hip, and knee when the patient's neck is passively flexed.
causalgia
Sensation of an acute burning pain along the path of a peripheral nerve, sometimes accompanied by erythema of the skin; due to injury to peripheral nerve fibers.
cephalgia
pain in the head; head ache
cheyne-stoke respirations
abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by periods of apnea followed by deep, rapid breathing.
coma
Deep sleep in which the individual cannot be aroused and does not respond to external stimuli.
comatose
pertains to being in a coma.
contracture
Permanent shortening of a muscle causing a joint to remain in an abnormally flexed position, with resultant physical deformity.
convolution (gyrus)
one of the many elevated folds of the surface of the cerebrum.
craniotomy
surgical incision into the cranium or skull.
dementia
progressive, irreversible mental disorder in which the person has deteriorating memory, judgement, and ability to think.
demyelination
destruction or removal of the myelin sheath that covers a nerve or nerve fiber.
diplopia (ambiopia)
double vision
dyslexia
Condition characterized by an impairment of the ability to read; letters and words are often reversed when reading.
dysphasia
difficult speech
embolism
abnormal condition in which a blood clot becomes lodged in a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood within the vessel.
encephalitis
Inflammation of the brain.
epidural hematoma
Situated within the spinal canal, on or outside the dura mater (tough membrane surrounding the spinal cord), A localised collection of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space or tissue, due to a break in the wall of a blood vessel.
epilepsy
neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of sudden, brief attacks of seizures; the seizure may vary from mild and unnoticeable to full-scale convulsive seizures.
fontanelle/fontanel
space covered by tough membrane between the bones of an infant's cranium, called a soft spot.
gait
style of walking.
ganglion
knotlike mass of nerve tissue found outside the brain or spinal cord.
hemiparesis
slight or partial paralysis of one half of the body.
hemiplegia
paralysis of one half of the body.
hydrocephalus
A condition marked by dilatation of the cerebral ventricles,It is typically characterised by enlargement of the head, prominence of the forehead, brain atrophy, mental deterioration and convulsions, may be congenital or acquired and may be of sudden onset (acute h.) or be slowly progressive.
hyperesthesia
excessive sensitivity to sensory stimuli, such as pain or touch.
hyperkinesis
excessive muscular movement and physical activity; hyperactivity.
kernig's sign
diagnostic sign of meningitis marked by the person's inability to extend the leg completely when the thigh is flexed upon the abdomen and the person is sitting or lying down.
kinesiology
study of muscle movement.
lethargy
state of being sluggish
meningitis
three layers of protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.
meningocele
A protrusion of the membranes that cover the spine and part of the spinal cord through a bone defect in the vertebral column.
meningomyelocele
A congenital defect that is characterised by the protrusion of the membranes and cord through a defect in the vertebral column.
narcolepsy
uncontrolled, sudden attacks of sleep.
nerve
cordlike bundle of nerve fibers that transmit impulses to and from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body.
nerve block
injection of a local anesthetic along the course of a nerve or nerves to eliminate sensation to the area supplied by the nerve.
neuralgia
severe, sharp, spasmlike plain that extends along the course of one or more nerves.
neuritis
inflammation of a nerve.
neurologist
physician who specializes in treating the diseases and disorders of the nervous system.
neurology
study of the nervous system and its disorders.
neurosurgeon
physician who specializes in surgery of the nervous system.
neurosurgery
any surgery involving the nervous system.
nuchal rigidity
rigidity of the neck; the neck is resistant to flexion.
occlusion
blockage
palliative
soothing.
paraplegia
paralysis of the lower extremities and trunk, usually due to spinal cord injuries.
paresthesia
sensation of numbness or tingling.
peripheral neuritis
Inflammation of a nerve, a condition attended by pain and tenderness over the nerves
phagocytosis
proces by which certain cells engulf and destroy microorganisms and cellular debris.
quadriplegia
paralysis of all 4 extremities and the trunk of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord at the level of the cervical vertebrae.
nerve block
injection of a local anesthetic along the course of a nerve or nerves to eliminate sensation to the area supplied by the nerve.
neuralgia
severe, sharp, spasmlike plain that extends along the course of one or more nerves.
neuritis
inflammation of a nerve.
neurologist
physician who specializes in treating the diseases and disorders of the nervous system.
neurology
study of the nervous system and its disorders.
neurosurgeon
physician who specializes in surgery of the nervous system.
neurosurgery
any surgery involving the nervous system.
nuchal rigidity
rigidity of the neck; the neck is resistant to flexion.
occlusion
blockage
palliative
soothing.
paraplegia
paralysis of the lower extremities and trunk, usually due to spinal cord injuries.
paresthesia
sensation of numbness or tingling.
peripheral neuritis
Inflammation of a nerve, a condition attended by pain and tenderness over the nerves
phagocytosis
proces by which certain cells engulf and destroy microorganisms and cellular debris.
quadriplegia
paralysis of all 4 extremities and the trunk of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord at the level of the cervical vertebrae.
radiculotomy/rhizotomy
surgical resection of a spinal nerve root, procedure performed to relieve pain.
sciatica
inflammation of the sciatic nerve; characterized by pain along the course of the nerve, radiating through the thigh and down the back of the leg.
sensory
pertaining to sensation.
shunt
tube or passage that diverts or redirects body fluid from one cavity or vessel to another.
stupor
state of lethargy; person is unresponsive and seems unaware of his or her surroundings.
subdural hematoma.
Situated under the dura mater, or between the dura mater and the arachnoid membrane.A localised collection of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space or tissue, due to a break in the wall of a blood vessel.
synapse
space between the end of the one nerve and the beginning of another, through which nerve impulses are transmitted.
syncope
fainting.
thrombosis
abnormal condition in which a clot develops in a blood vessel.
tonic-clonic seizure
seizure characterized by the presence of muscle contractio or tension followed by relaxation.
whiplash
injury to the cervical vertebrae and their supporting structures due to a sudden back and forth jerking movement of teh head and neck.