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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
calcaneodynia
painful heel
coccygeal
Fusion of 4 bones in a child that fuse together into an adult coccyx.
condyle
Knucklelike projection at the end of a bone; ususally fits into the fossa of another bone to form a joint.
costochondral
The cartilage forming the anterior continuation of a rib.
craniotomy
A surgical incision into the skull
diaphysis
Main shaftlike portion of a bone.
epiphysis
End of a bone.
fontanelle/fontanel
Space between the bones of an infant cranium; soft spot.
foramen
Hole within a bone that allows blood vessels or nerves to pass through.
fossa
Hollow or shallow concave depression in a bone.
fissure/sulcus
Groove or depression in a bone.
hematopoiesis
Normal formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow.
hyoid
Of or pertaining to the bony or cartilaginous arch which supports the tongue.
intercostal spaces
Space between the ribs.
intervertebral disk
Flat, circular platelike structure of cartilage that serves as a cushion, or show absorber, between the vertebrae.
osteoblasts
Immature bone cells that actively produce bony tissue.
osteoclasts
Large cells that absorb or digest old bone tissue.
osteocytes
Mature bone cells.
osteoma
Benign tumour of bone
periosteum
Thick, white, fibrous membrane that covers the surface of a long bone.
rachitis
inflammation of the spine, but commonly applied to the rickets.
phalangitis
Inflammation of the fingers.
spondylosis
lesion of the spine of a degenerative nature.
substernal
deep to the sternum.
trochanter
One of two processes near the head of the femur, the outer being called the great trochanter, and the inner the small trochanter
tubercle
Chronic inflammatory focus, a granuloma, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
ulna
One of the bones that comprise the forearm.
vertebrae
One of 23 bones (excluding the sacrum) in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions that comprise the spine. There are 7 cervical vertebrae, 12 thoracic and 5 lumbar vertebrae. The bottom of the spine is fused and forms the sacrum.
cervical
Pertaining to the neck or to the neck of any organ or structure.
thoracic
Pertaining to or affecting the chest.
lumbar
Pertaining to the loins, the part of the back between the thorax and the pelvis
sacral
Of or pertaining to the sacrum; in the region of the sacrum.
coccyx
last bone in the spinal column.
zygomatic
the union of the malar, or jugal, with the zygomatic process of the temporal bone.
zygotic process
by the union of the malar, or jugal, with the zygomatic process of the temporal bone
zygoma
The jugal, malar, or cheek bone.