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64 Cards in this Set

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Blood
made up of Plasma (liquid) and blood cells (solid)
3 types of blood cells
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
thrombocytes
platelets responsible for clotting of blood
hemocytoblast
stem cell - the beginning of all blood cells
hematopoiesis
growing and maturing of all the blood cells
erythropoiesis
growing and maturing of red blood cells
leukopoiesis
growing and maturing of white blood cells
thrombopoiesis
growing and maturing of platelets
reticulocyte
an immature red blood cell
erythrocytes
contain hemoglobin which gives the red color
hemoglobin
carries oxygen to the body tissue
leukocytes
protect the body against foreign and bacterial substances
5 types of leukocytes
neutrophils
eosinophils
basophils
monocytes
lymphocytes
plasma
allows the chemical communication between all body cells
Plasma proteins
albumins
globulins
fibrinogen
Blood serum
blood plasma without fibrinogen
Lymph system
fluid, lymph vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, and tonsils
Lymph
fluid
lymph vessels
network of transporting structures
lymph nodes
filter
spleen
filters, destroys old red blood cells, stores healthy blood cells
Thymus
changes lymphocytes to T cells
Tonsils
filter protect upper respiratory structures, help with the development of white blood cells
Antigens
organisms that invade the body
2 types of lymphocytes
T cell
B cell
T cell
from thymus gland directly attacks the antigen
B cell
from bone marrow produces antibodies that do the destoying of the antigen
Blood groups
A
B
AB
O
Anemia
blood has reduced oxygen carrying capability.
Anemia results from
decrease in red blood cells
decrease in hemoglobin
decrease in hematocrit
hematocrit
volume of erythrocytes
normocytic
normal size red blood cells
normochromic
normal amount of hemoglobin
macrocytic
larger than normal red blood cells
microcytic
smaller than normal red blood cells
hypochromic
decreased amount of hemoglobin
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Lymphadenopathy
disease of lymph glands
swollen glands
opportunistic infections
infections that normally don't affect healthy people
key to when HIV becomes AIDS
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
opportunistic infections associated with AIDS another is Kaposi's sarcoma
Autoimmune disease
body attacks itself produces antibodies against antigens found in own cells, results in tissue injury
exacerbations
flare-up
latent period
remissions
edema
swelling from abnormal accumulation of fluids in the space between cells in the body
hemophilia
hereditary condition in which blood does not clot properly
infectious mononucleosis
caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.
Sore throat, fever, swollen neck glands
chronic fatigue syndrome
may be associated with Epstein-Barr virus. they have high levels of EBV in the blood
Allergy
abnormal acquired immune response to an antigen resulting in an allergic response.
Leukemia
cancer of the blood-forming organs (bone marrow)
excessive increase in the white blood cells
Hodgkin's disease
cancer of the lymph nodes
Rh
named after Rhesus monkeys - antigen in the red blood cell if there positive if not negative
plasmapheresis
removal of plasma
give blood they remove the plasma and the blood is given back to the donor
septicemia
bacteria in the blood
PTT
preoperative screening for bleeding tendencies
CBC
series of tests that include hemoglobin, hematocrit, RBC, WBC etc
differential count
the different types of white cells are counted and reported as a % of the whole white count
sed rate
increase indicates inflammatory disease, cancer, pregnancy, decrease indicates liver disease
hemoglobin
measurment of the amount of hemoglobin
decrease indicates anemia
hematocrit
measurement of the % of packed red blood cells in a sample of whole blood
prothrombin time / PTT / Pro time
used to manage patients taking anticoagulant medicines
autologous transfusion
transfusion of your own blood
homologous transfusion
someone else's blood
anticoagulants
"blood thinners" Heparin, Coumadin, aspirin