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54 Cards in this Set

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records spinal cord/nerve tissue info
Myelogram
produce pics of dense body tissue
X-rays
noninvasive roentgenography diagnostic technique
Computerized Axial Tomography (Scan-CAT)
corrects myopia (and hyperopia)
laser assister surgery "LASIK"
record information about heart electrical activity
EKG or ECG
cause of (disease)
eti/o
change or after
meta-
to control or stop
-stasis
the science of or study of body changes caused by disease
path/o/logy
tumor
onc/o-
The word part that contains the fundamental meaning of a word is the
root word "stem word"
In the medical term 'intra/ven/ous', -ven- is the:
word root or stem word
The word part attached to the beginning of a word root in order to modify its meaning is called a(n):
prefix
In the medical term 'arthr/itis', -itis is the:
suffix
The word part attached to the end of a word root in order to modify its meaning is the:
suffix
The most common combining vowel is:
'o'
In the divided medical term 'arthr/o/pathy', "o" is the:
combining vowel "used with both the stem word and suffix"
In the divided medical term 'sub/hepat/ic', which part is the prefix and which part is the suffix?
sub- and -ic
The combining form of a stem word is usually made of two component parts, the _____ _____ and _____ _____:
word root and combining vowel
In the divided medial term 'osteopor/o/sis', the slash lines (/) indicate that the vowel "o” may be used as part of which word parts?
por- and -osis
The phrase, refers to or _____, is a generalized actual meaning (not a literal meaning) used for the suffixes -a, -ia, -iac, -al, -ar, -ic, -is, -on, -os, -us, -ium, and -um.
pertains to
Verb variations of a stem word usually describe:
action taken, condition, or state
Breaking a compound term into component word parts (usually with its combining vowel or vowels) is called:
fracturing
What cellular organelle contains chromosomes and has the literal meaning "nut"?
nucleus
The combining form or term that literally means "internal organs" is:
viscer/o-
The abdominal cavity contains the:
liver
Adjectives usually modify a noun (thing named) denoting quality, quantity, extent, or _____ .
distinction of the object from something else
My/o- is the combining form of a word part that means:
muscle
The combining form hist/o- means:
tissue or web-like
A body part which is formed of two or more types of body tissue and performs one or more specific functions is called a(n) ________:
organ
The suffix –plas/ia is a compound suffix (2 or more parts) that refers to:
formation, growth or development
Bone is described as _____ tissue.
connective
If a tumor is found to be benign, it is:
encapsulated, slow growing, and expansive
The medical term for new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor) is:
neoplasm
The 'LITERAL MEANING' of the medical term carcin/oma is:
crab-like tumor "invades with crab-like leg growths"
The correct way to fracture or divide the medical term melanocarcinoma is:
melano/carcin/oma
The directional term 'lateral' describes movement in which direction:
to the side
The directional term that means "toward the lower end of the body" is:
caudal
The term that describes the direction closest to the point of origin is:
proximal
The directional term for movement toward the back of the body is:
dorsal
The term that describes movement toward the top of the body is:
cephalic
The term that describes movement toward the front of the body is:
ventral
The directional term 'inferior' describes movement:
toward the lower end of the body
The term that divides the body into right and left halves is the:
sagittal plane "like an arrow"
The “Pyelogram” records information about the _____:
kidney pelvis
The regional term that refers to the areas on both the right and left sides of the hypo/gastr/ic body region is the: {NOTE: There are 9 individual abdomino/pelv/ic regions}
iliac or inguinal
If a wound is considered superficial it is:
situated near the surface
If one is flat on their back and face up, they are in a _____ position.
supine
The term defined as the process of drawing away from the mid-line or middle is:
abduction
The movement in which a limb is placed in a straight position is called:
extension
If you rotate your shoulder around a central point, it is called:
circumduction
Graduates of a Medical School still take the _____ Oath:
Hippocratic
An epithelial or covering cell malignant tumor is referred to as a(n):
carcinoma
A tumor of the fibrous and cartilaginous tissue is called a(n):
fibrochondroma