Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/193

Click to flip

193 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adip/o
lip/o
steat/o
fat
cutane/o
dermat/o
derm/o
skin
hidr/o
sudor/o
sweat
ichthy/o
dry, scaly
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard; cornea
melan/o
black
myc/o
funcgus
onych/o
ungu/o
nail
pil/o
trich/o
hair
scler/o
hardening; sclera
seb/o
sebum, sebaceous
squam/o
scale
ser/o
dry
-cyte
cell
-derma
skin
abscess
walled cavity with pus and inflamed or necrotic tissue surrounding
acne
inflammation of sebaceous glands and hair follicles
bowen disease
intraepidermal carcinoma; red-brown scaly lesions
carbuncle
deep-seated pyogenic infection of skin
cellulitis
diffuse, acute infection of skin and subcutaenous tissue; heat, redness, pain, swelling, fever, malaise, chills
chloasma
pigmentary skin discoloration with yellowish-bron patches
comedo
small skin lesion of acne vulgaris caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteria and dried sebum, plugging an excretory duct
decubitus ulcer
bedsore
dermatomycosis
fungal infection of skin
echymosis
skin discoloration of large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area (bruise)
eczema
acute/chronic skin inflammation
erythema
redness of skin by swelling of capillaries
eschar
damaged tissue following a severe burn
furuncle
bacterial infection causing pus-filled lesions (boil)
hirsutism
excessive hair growth or hair in unusual places
keratosis
thickened area of epidermis; horny growth on skin (callus or wart)
lentigo
brown macules, with lesions distributed on sun-exposed areas of skin, such as face and arms
pallor
unnatural paleness or absence of color of skin
pediculosis
infestation of lice
petechia
minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under skin
pruritus
intense itching
psoriasis
chronic skin disease; red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery, adherent scales
purpura
bleeding disorder characterized by hemorrhage into tissues
scabies
contagious skin disease trasmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact
tinea
ringworm
urticaria
eruption of pale red elevated patches called wheals; hives
vitiligo
loss of skin pigmentation in milk-white patches
verruca
epidermal growth caused by virus, such as plantar warts, etc
chloasma
hyperpigmentation of skin; yellowish-brown patches/spots
alopecia
loss or absence of hair; baldness
antifungals
topical agents to treat athlete's foot and onchomycosis
fulguration
tissue destruction by high frequnecy electric sparks
corticosteroids
agents that decrease inflammation or itching
dermabrasion
use of wire brushes to remove scars, tattoss, or fine wrinkles
parasiticides
agents that kill parasitic skin infestations
keratolytics
agents that soften the outer layer of skin so it sloughs off
keratin
hard protein that is waterprof and prevents body fluids from evaporating and moisture from entering the body
melanin
dark pigment that filters UV radiation and provides a protective barrier from damaging effects of the sun
albinism
lack of melanin
two types of exocrine glands
sudoriferous for sweat and sebaceous glands for oil
sebum
oily secretion that destroys harmful organisms on the skin preventing infection
benign neoplasm
noncancerous growths
malignant neoplasm
cancerous growths
erythema
redness of skin
liver
produce bile, remove glucose from blood, store vitamins, destroy toxic products
pancreas
secretes insulin into bloodstream and produces digestive enzymes that pass into the duodenum; produces trypsin which breaks down proteins, amylase whch breaks down carbs and lipase which breaks down fat
gallbladder
storage of bile
or/o
stomat/o
mouth
gloss/o
lingu/o
tongue
bucc/o
cheek
cheil/o
labi/o
lip
dent/o
odont/o
teeth
gingiv/o
gum
sila/o
saliva, salivary gland
esophag/o
esophagus
pharyngo
pharynx
gastro
stomach
pylor/o
pylorus
enter/o
intestine
append/o
appendico
appendix
proct/o
anus, rectum (also rect/o)
an/o
anus
hepat/o
liver
cholangi/o
bile vessel
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
bile duct
-emisis
vomit
-iasis
abnormal condition
-megaly
enlargement
-orexia
appetite
-pepsia
digestion
-phagia
swallowing, eating
-prandial
meal
-rrhea
discharge, flow
anorexia
loss of appetite
appendicitis
inflmmation of appedix due to obstruction or infection
ascites
accumulation of serous fluid in abdomen
borborygmus
rumbling noises that are audible at a distance caused by passage of gas through liquid contents in intestine
cachexia
general lack of utrition and wasting
chrohn disease
chronic inflmmation, of ileum or any portion of intestinal tract
cirrhosis
chronic, irreversibl, degenerative disease of the liver
colic
spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ accompanied by pain, especially in colon
deglutition
swallowing
dyspepsia
epigastric discomfort after eating; indigestion
dysphagia
inability or difficulty in swallowing; aphagia
eructation
producing gas from stomach; belching
flatus
gas in GI tract; farting
halitosis
bad breath
hematemesis
vomiting of blood
irritable bowel syndrome
abdominal pain and altered bowel function; spastic colon
obstipation
intestinal obstruction; severe constipation
antacids
neutralize stomach acid
antiemetics
control nausea and vomiting
laxatives
treat constipation
antispasmodics
decrease GI spasms
volvulus
bowel twists on itself
hemorrhoids
enlarged veins in mucous membrane of anal canal that bleed, hurt, or itch
jaundice
yellowing of skin
diverticulosis
condition in which small, blisterlike pockets develop in inner lining of large intestine and may balloon through intestinal wall
nas/o
rhin/o
nose
sept/o
septum
pneum/o
pneumon/o
air; lung
anthrac/o
coal, coal dust
atel/o
incomplete; imperfect
coni/o
dust
cyan/o
blue
lob/o
lobe
orth/o
straight
ox/o
ox/i
oxygen
pector/o
steth/o
thorac/o
chest
phren/o
diphragm; mind
spir/o
breathe
-capnia
carbon dioxide
-osmia
smell
-phonia
voice
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
sitting
-thorax
chest
brady-
slow
dys-
bad; painful; difficult
eu-
good, normal
tachy-
rapid
asthma and tx
spasms in bronchial passages that are typically sudden and violent; tx by mucolytics and bronchodilators
chronic bronchitis and tx
inflammation of bronchi caused by smoking and air pollution; tx by bronchodilators and expectorants
emphysema
decreased elasticity of alveoli; tx is similar to chonic bronchitis
influenza
acute infectious resp disease caused by viruses; fever, chills, ha, myalgia, loss of appetite for 7-10 days; aspirin
pneumonia
inflammatory disease of the lungs
cystic fibrosis
hereditary disorder of exocrine glands that causes the body to secrete viscous muscous that clogs ducts or tubes of pancreas, digestive tract, and sweat glands
acidosis
excessive acidity of body fluids
anosia
absence of or decrease in sense of smell
apnea
temporary loss of breathing
asphyxia
condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
atelectasis
collpsed or ailess state of lung
cheyne-stokes respiration
repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not at all
compliance
ease with which lung tissue can be stretched
coryza
head cold; URI
croup
common childhood condition
epistaxis
nosebleed
hypoxemia
deficiency of oxygen in blood
hypoxia
deficiency of oxygen in tissues
pertussis
whooping cough
rhomchus
adventitious breath sound resembling snoring
antitussives
to relieve coughing
expectorants
reduce the thickness of sputum
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
malaise
vague, uneasy feeling of body weakness, distress, or discomfort
occlusion
blockage in a cana, vessel, or passage of body
viscosity
sticky or gummy
aneurysm/o
a widening (of blood vessel)
angi/o
vascul/o
vessel
ather/o
fatty plaque
cardi/o
heart
embol/o
plug
hemangi/o
blood vessel
my/o
muscle
phleb/o
ven/o
vein
scler/o
hardening
sphygm/o
pulse
sten/o
narrowing
thromb/o
blood clot
-sphyxia
pulse
angina
chest pain
myocardial infarction
lack of oxygen (ischemia) and affected area of heart muscle dies
pallor
paleness
endocarditis
inflammation of inner lining of heart and valves
aneurysm
localized abnormal dilation of vessel
arrest
condition of being stopped or bringing to a stop
arrhythmia
inability of heart to maintain a steady rhythm
bruit
soft blowing sound heard; murmur
catheter
thin hollow plastic tube smalle enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, etc
coarctation
narrowing of vessel
embolus
mass of undissolved matter in blood and beomes lodged in a vessel
fibrillation
quivering or spontaneous muscle contraction
hemostasis
arrest of bleeding or circulation
hyperlipidemia
excessive amounts of lipids in the blood
infarct
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
ischemia
local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
perfusion
circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids though vessels of an organ