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191 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anemia
without suffficient hemoglobin in the blood
anorexia
without appetite
amenorrhea
without menstruation
apnea
without breathing
atrophy
without growth or development, degeneration of an organ or structure
antibiotic
agent that acts against bacteria
anticoagulant
agent that acts against clotting
antitoxin
agent that acts agains poison
autoimmune
immune sustem acts against self
autonomic
involuntary (independently functioning)
antibiotic
agent that acts against bacteria
bioligy
the study of life
biopsy
to view tissue from a living organism
bradycardia
slow heart beat
bradykinesia
abnormal slowness of all movement
bradyphasia
abnormal slow speaking
bradypnea
abnormal slow breathing
coagulation
process of clotting
comorbid
twoor more diseases at the same time
complication
condition resulting from another disease
conception
joining or ovum and sperm
congenital
present at birth
contraception
acting against pregnancy
contraindication
facts that caution against use of drug or procedure
decalcification
loss of calcium in the bones
dehydration
loss of water
dementia
chronic loss of mental ability with organic causes
deoxygenated
have the oxygen removed
depilation
removal of hair
dysplasia
abnormal development or growth
dysmenorrhea
painful menstruation
dyspepsia
painful digestion
dyspnea
painful breathing
dystocia
difficult labor/birth
dysuria
painful urination
euphoria
feeling of well being
eypnea
god/normal breathing
euthyroid
normal functioning thyroid
eutocia
easy labor
heterogenous
consisting of or derived from dissimilar elements
heterometropia
different vision in each eye
homeostasis
tendency of body to maintain (control)a constant (same) internal environment
homotopic
from the same place in the body
hyperactivity
excessively active
hypercalcemia
excessive calcium in the blood
hyperglycemia
excessive sugar in the blood
hypertrophy
excessive development or growth
hypogonadism
underdeveloped sex organs
hypoglycemia
deficient sugar in the blood
hypoplasia
underdeveloped
hypothyroidism
underactive thyroid
incontinence
unable to control bladder function
indigestible
not capable of being digested
insomnia
without sleep
malaise
illness
malformation
abnormal formation
malignant
cancerous (tumor)
malnutrition
poor nutrition
malpractice
megligent professional conduct
metacarpal
middle bones of the hand, just beyond the wrist bones
metastasis
cancer spread beyond the original site
neonatal
newborn infant
neoplasm
new growth - refers to tumors
orthodontist
dentist specializing in straightening teeth
orthopnea
having to sit up to breathe
reabsorption
to absorb again
rehydration
to restore normal water balance
relapse
exhibit symptoms again agter apparent recovery
retroflexion
an organ that is tilted backwards
retrograde
moving backwards or away from normal
retrospective
study between current condition and past event
symblepharon
eyelids adered together
syndactyly
fingers or toes fused together
syndrome
a group of features or symptoms that occur together
tachycardia
fast heart rate
tachyphagia
fast eating or swallowing
tachypnea
fast breathing
bicuspid
heart valve or tooth with two points
bifurcation
to split into two parts
bilateral
on both sides
bipolar
having two extremes
centigram
one hundredth of a gram
centimeter
one hundredth of a meter
hemianopsia
absences of vision in half of visual field
hemiplagia
paralysis of half of body
hemisphere
half of the cerebrum or cerebellum
macrocephaly
abnormally large head
macrophage
large immune cell that engulfs antigens
macrotia
abnormally large ears
microcephaly
abnormaly small head
microgram
one millionth of a gram
microscope
instrument to view small things
milligram
one thousandth of a gram
millimeter
one thousandth of a meter
monocular
sight in one eye
mononuclear
having one nucleus
monozygotic
developed fromo ne fertilized ovum
mulitgravida
woman who has had more than one pregnancy
multipara
woman who has given birth to more than one child
nulligravida
woman who has had no pregnancies
nullipara
woman who has not given birth to any children
octogenarian
person who is in their eighties
polyarthritis
arthritis in many joints
polycystic
many cysts
polydipsia
excessive/frequent thirst
polyuria
excessive urination
quadrant
one-fourth of an area
quadriplegia
paralysis of all 4 limbs
semicircular
half-circle shaped
semilunar
half moon shaped
triceps
muscle inthe arm with 3 heads
tricuspid
heart valve with3 points
trigone
a triangular shaped object
triplets
3 infants born at the same time
ultrasonography
use of high freuency sound waves to record images
unicellular
having one cell (like an amoeba)
unilateral
one side
abductor
muscle that moves away fromt he body
abnormal
differing fromthe usual state
adductor
muscle that moves toward the body
adrenal
gland located near the kidney
ante cibum
before meals
antepartum
before giving birth (refers to mom)
anteversion
an organ that is abnormally turned forward
Circumcision
to cut the foreskin off (by cutting around the penis)
circumduction
movement in a circular pattern
circumocular
area surrounding the eye
contrallateral
opposite side
diagnosis
determination based on complete knowledge
diameter
through the middle of a circle
diarrhea
excessive bowel movements (flowing through)
eccrine
produces secretions on the outside of the body
-ectomy
to cut out; remove
ectopic
pregnancy outside the uterus
endocardium
lining inside the heart
endocrine
secretions within the body
endoscopy
process of viewing iwthin the body
endotracheal
within the trachea
epidermis
layer of skin upon/above the dermis
epidural
outside the dura mater
epigastric
upper region of the abdomen
epithelium
the outer covering of body structures
excision
the cut out; remove
exhale
the breathe out
exophthalmia
protrusion of the eyball
expectorate
cough mucus out of the lungs
expiration
breathout
hypodermic
below the skin
hypogastric
lower abdominal area
hypoglossal
below the tongue
incision
cut into
infusion
introduction of substance into a vein
ingestin
oral taking of substances intot he body
inhale
introduction into the body by breathing
intubate
to put a tube within
infracostal
beneath the ribs
infraorbital
below the eye socket
intercellular
betweent he cells
intercostal
between the ribs
interdental
between the teeth
intervertebral
betweenthe vertebrae
intracranial
withinthe skull
intramuscular
within a muscle
intraocular
within an eye
introvenous
within a vein
medial
pertaining to the middle of the body
meialstinum
area in the middle of the chest
paranasal
pertaining to the area near the nose
parathyroid
glands located near the thyroid
pericardium
sac that surrounds the heart
perinatal
time immediately before and after birth
peridontal
tissue surrounding the teeth
perinatal
time period surrounding birth
postmortum
after death
postoperative
after an operation
post partum
after giving birth
post prandial
after a meal
pre-existing
condition that occured before the current time
premature
an event that occurs before the usual time
prenatal
period before birth
primary
first in time, place or importance
primigravida
woman with her first pregnancy
primipara
woman whohas given birth to first child
subcutaneous
under the skin
subhepatic
below the liver
sublingual
under the tongue
subphrenic
under the diaphrag
transcutaneous
procedure performed throughthe skin
transfusion
introduction of additional blood
transmission
to spread from one person to another
transplant
to transfer an organ or tissue from one person to another or oneplace on the same person to another place