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372 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a-, an-
no, not
ab-
away from
abdomin/o
abdomen
-ac
pertaining to
ad-
toward
aden/o
gland
adenoid/o
adenoids
adren/o
adrenal glands
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
alveol/o
alveolus (air sac within the lungs)
amni/o
amnion (sack that surrounds the embryo)
-an
pertaining to
ana-
up, apart
an/o
anus
angi/o
vessel (blood)
ante-
before, forward
anter/o
front
anti-
against
aort/o
aorta
append/o, appendic/o
appendix
-ar
pertaining to
arteri/o
artery
arteriol/o
small artery
arthr/o
joint
-ary
pertaining to
ather/o
fatty plaque
-ation
process, condition
aur/o
ear
aut-
self
axill/o
armpit
balan/o
penis
bari/o
weight
bi-
two
bi/o
life
blephar/o
eyelid
brady-
slow
bronch/o
bronchial tube
bronchiol/o
small broncial tube
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel bone)
capillar/o
capillary
carcin/o
caencer, cancerous
cardi/o
heart
carp/o
wrist bones (carpals)
-cele
hernia
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o
head
cerbell/o
cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cervic/o
neck
capillar/o
capillary
carcin/o
caencer, cancerous
cardi/o
heart
carp/o
wrist bones (carpals)
-cele
hernia
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o
head
cerbell/o
cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cervic/o
neck
chem/o
drug, chemical
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
chondr/o
cartilage
chron/o
time
-cision
process of cutting
cis/o
to cut
clavicul/o
clavicle (collar bone)
-coccus
bacterium (berry-shaped)
coccyg/o
tailbone
col/o
colon (large intestine)
colon/o
colon
colp/o
vagina
comi/o
to care for
con-
with, together
coni/o
dust
-coniosis
abnormal condition of dust
coron/o
heart
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
crin/o
secrete
-crine
secretion
-crit
separation
cry/o
cold
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
cyst/o
urinary bladder
-cyte
cell
cyt/o
cell
dactyl/o
fingers or toes
dent/i
tooth
dermat/o, derm/o
skin
dia-
thorough, complete
-dipsia
thirst
duoden/o
duodenum
dur/o
dura mater (outermost meningeal layer)
-dynia
pain
dys-
abnormal, bad, difficult, painful
-eal
pertaining to
ec-
out, outside
dent/i
tooth
dermat/o, derm/o
skin
dia-
thorough, complete
-dipsia
thirst
duoden/o
duodenum
dur/o
dura mater (outermost meningeal layer)
-dynia
pain
dys-
abnormal, bad, difficult, painful
-eal
pertaining to
ec-
out, outside
-ectasia, -ectasis
dilation, stretching, widening
ecto-
out, outside
-ectomy
excision (resection, removal); process of cutting out
electr/o
electricity
-emesis
vomiting
-emia
blood condition
en-
in, inner, within
encephal/o
brain
endo-
within, in, inner
endocrin/o
endocrine glands
endometr/o, endometri/o
endometrium (inner lining of the uterus0
enter/o
intestines (usually small intestine)
epi-
above, upon
epiglott/o
epiglottis
epitheli/o
skin (surface tissue)
erythr/o
red
esophag/o
esophagus
esthesis/o
sensation
ex-, exo-, extra-
out, outside
femor/o
femur, thigh bone
fibr/o
fibrous tissue
fibul/o
fibula (smaller lover leg bone)
gastr/o
stomach
gen/o
to produce
-gen
production, formation
-genesis
producing, forming
-genic
pertaining to producing produced by
ger/o
old age
-globin
protein
glyc/o
sugar
gnos/o
knowledge
-gram
record
-graph
instrument to record
-graphy
process of recording , to record
gynec/o
woman, female
hemat/o, hem/o
blood
hepat/o
river
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
hydr/o
water
hyper-
above, excessive, more than, normal, too much
hypo-
below, deficient, less than normal, too little
hypophys/o
pituitary gland
hyster/o
uterus
-ia
condition
-ian
practitioner
iatr/o
treatment
-ic, -ical
pertaining to
ile/o
ileum (third part of small intestine)
ili/o
ilium (upper part of hip bone)
in-
in, into
-ine
pertaining to
infra-
below
inguin/o
groin
inter-
between
intra-
within
-ior
pertaining to
isch/o
to hold back
-ism
condition, process
-ist-
specialist
-itis
inflammation
jejun/o
jejunum
lapar/o
abdomen
-lapse
slide
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
later/o
side
ligament/o
ligament
leiomy/o
smooth muscle
leuk/o
white
lip/o
fat
-listhesis
sliding
-lith, lith/o
stone
-logist
one who specializes on study of
-logy
process of study, study of
lumb/o
loin, waist region
lymph/o
lymph
lymphaden/o
lymph nodes
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
lys/o, -lysis
breakdown, destruction, separation
mal-
bad
-malacia
softening
mamm/o
breast
mast/o
breast
mediastin/o
mediastinum
medull/o
medulla oblongata (lower part of the brain)
-megally
enlargement
men/o
menstruation
mening/o
meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
meta-
beyond, change
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsals (foot bones)
-meter
measure
metr/o, metri/o
uterus; to measure
-metry
measurement
-mortem
death
-motor
movement
muscul/o
muscle
my/o
muscle
myel/o
bone marrow (with, -blast, -cyte, -genous, -oma)
myel/o
spinal cord (with -cele, -gram, -itis)
myos/o
muscle
myring/o
eardrum
nas/o
nose
nat/i
birth
necr/o
death
neo-
ndew
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
norm/o
rule, order
nos/o
disease
obstetr/o
midwife
ocul/o
eye
odont/o
tooth
-oid
pertaining to, resembling
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
onc/o
tumor
onycho/o
nail
o/o
egg
oophor/o
ovary
opthalm/o
eye
-opsy
process of viewing
opt/o, optic/o
eye
or/o
mouth
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
testicle, testis
orht/o
straight
-osis
abnormal condition
osm/o
smell
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
-ous
pertaining to
ovari/o
ovary
pancreat/o
pancreas
para-
along the side of, beside, near
parathyroid/o
parathyroid gland
-partum
birth
path/o
diasease
-pathy
disease condition
ped/o
child
pelv/o
hip bone
-penia
deficiency
per-
through
pancreat/o
pancreas
para-
along the side of, beside, near
parathyroid/o
parathyroid gland
-partum
birth
path/o
diasease
-pathy
disease condition
ped/o
child
pelv/o
hip bone
-penia
deficiency
per-
through
peri-
surrounding
peritone/o
peritoneum (membrane around abdominal organs)
perone/o
fibula
-pexy
fixation (surgical)
phak/o
lens of the eye
phalang/o
phalanges (finger and toe bones)
pharyng/o
pharynx, throat
-phasia
speech
-philia
attraction to
phleb/o
vein
phren/o
diaphragm, mind
pituitar/o
pituitary gland
plas/o
development, formation, growth
-plasm
development, formation, growth
-plasia
formation, growth
-plasty
surgical repair
-plegia
paralysis
pleur/o
pleura (membranes surrounding the lungs)
-pnea
breathing
pneum/o
air, lung
pneumon/o
lung
-poiesis
formation
poly-
many, much
post-
after, behind
poster-
back, behind
pre-
before
pro-, pros-
before, forward
prosth/o
artificial replacement
proct/o
anus and rectum
prostat/o
prostate gland
psych/o
mind
-ptosis
prolapse, sagging
-ptysis
spitting
pulmon/o
lung
pyel/o
renal pelvis (central section of the kidney)
radi/o
x-ray; radius (lateral lower arm bone)
re-, retro-
behind, back
rect/o
rectum
ren/o
kidney
retin/o
retina of the eye
rhabdomy/o
striated (skeletal) muscle
rheumat/o
flow, fluid
rhin/o
nose
-rrhage, -rrhagia
excess flow of blood
-rraphy
suture
-rrhea
discharge, flow
sacr/o
sacrum
salping/o, -salpinx
fallopian (uterine) tube; eustachian tube
sacr/o
flesh
scapul/o
shoulder blade (bone)
-sclerosis
hardening
-scope
instrument to view or visually examine
-scopy
process of visual examination
scrot/o
scrotal sac, scrotum
-section
process of cutting into
sept/o, septic/o
infection
-sis
condition
-somatic
pertaining to the body
son/o
sound
-spasm
constriction
spin/o
backbone, spine, vertebra
splen/o
spleen
spondyl/o
backbone, vertebra
-stasis
control, stop; place, to stand
-stat
stop, control
-stenosis
narrowing
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
stomat/o
mouth
-stomy
opening
sub-
below, under
supra-
above
sym-
with, together (use before b, p and m)
syn-
with, together
tachy-
fast
tendin/o, ten/o
tendon
-tension
pressure
theli/o, thel/o
nipple
-therapy
treatment
-thesis
put, place
thorac/o
chest
thromb/o
clot
thym/o
thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o, thyroaden/o
thyroid gland
tibi/o
tibia or shin bone (larger lower leg bone)
-tic
pertaining to
-tomy
incision, process of cutting into
tonsill/o
tonsils
top/o
to put, place
trache/o
trachea, windpipe
trans-
across, through
tri-
three
troph/o
development, nourishment
-trophy
development, nourishment
-tympan/o
eardrum
uln/o
ulna (medial lower arm bone)
ultra-
beyond
-um
structure
ungu/o
nail
uni-
one
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
ur/o
urine, urinary tract
-uria
urine condition
uter/o
uterus
vagin/o
vagina
vas/o
vas deferens, vessel
vascul/o
blood vessel
ven/o
vein
venul/o
venule
vertebr/o
backbone, vertebra
vesic/o
urinary bladder
-y
condition, process