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98 Cards in this Set

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accumulation of an excessive amount of fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
edema
generalized infiltration of edema fluid into subcutaneous connective tissue
anasarca
accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
ascites
denoting a disease of unknown cause
idiopathic
causation; the doctrine of causes; specifically the cause of disease
etiology
resulting from or in the course of activities of a doctor or surgeon
iatrogenic
characteristic or indicative of a disease; denoting one or two specific symptoms
pathognomonic
the mode of origin or development of any disease or morbid process
pathogenesis
general lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional disturbance
cachexia
weakness, debility
asthenia
extreme loss of flesh; growing lean
emaciation
soft sound, like that made by a somewhat forcible expiration such as the mouth opening; heard on auscultation of the heart, lungs or blood vessels
murmur
ausculatory sound, esp. and abnormal one
bruit
vibration accompanying a cardiac murmur which can be felt on palpation
thrill
formation of pus
suppuration
suppuative, suppurating. containing or forming pus.
purulent
early or premonitory symptom of a disease
prodromal
morbid condition following as a consequence of a disease
sequela
any morbid phenomenon or departure from the normal in function, appearance, or sensation, experienced by the pt and indicative of a disease. subjective sign of a disease
sign
any abnormality indicative of disease discoverable by the physician at his examination of the pt. objective symptom.
sign
sensation of irregular or whirling motion either of oneself or of external objects
vertigo
fainting, a swoon. sudden fall in bp resulting in cerebral anemia; and more or less complete loss of consciousness
syncope
fever
pyrexia
feverish. pyretic. relating to fever.
febrile
short and sharp course. not chronic. said of disease.
acute
of long duration. denoting a disease of slow progress and long continuance.
chronic
denoting a disease that progresses with few or no symptoms to indicate its gravity
insidious
gland
prostate
marked loss of strength, as in exhaustion
prostrate
purplish patch caused by extravasation of blood into the skin
ecchymosis
minute hemorrhagic spots, of pinpoint to pinhead size in the skin
petechiae
abatement or lessening in severity of the symptoms of a disease.
remission
return of a disease after it had once spent its course
relapse
passage of fluid, of coagulable, or blood cells, into tissues or cavities, especially as a result of increased vascular permeability
exudate
solvents and solutes that pass through membranes as a result of differences in hydrostatic pressure, solvent carries with it permeable solutes
transudate
relieving symptoms but not curative
palliative
prevention of disease. guard before, take precaution.
prophylaxis
originating or produced within the organism or one of its parts
endogenous
originating or produced outside
exogenous
examine by feeling and pressing with the palms of the hands and fingers
palpate
forcible pulsation of the heart perceptible to the pt, usually with an increase in frequency, with or without irregularity in rhythm
palpitate
examine by looking
inspection
examine by listening
auscultation
examining density by tapping the surface with a finger or presser
percussion
passage of dark colored or tarry stools, upper gi bleed
melena
passage of bloody stools, red, lower gi bleed
hematochezia
vomiting blood
hematemesis
pulmonary hemorrhage; spit blood
hemoptysis
nosebleed (nasal hemorrhage)
epistaxis
bloody urine or urine with rbc
hematuria
abnormal, spontaneous sensation, such as burning, prickling,tingling or tickling
paresthesia
state characterized by loss of sensation, the result of pharmacological depression of nerve function or a neurological desease
anesthesia
loss of power of voluntary muscle through injury or disease of its nerve supply. loss of any function
paralysis
sound obtained on percussing a part that can vibrate freely
resonance
character of the sound obtained by percussing over a solid part, which is incapable of vibrating
dullness
low pitch, resonant drum like sound, note obtained by percussing the surface of a large air containing space
tympany
rigor
rigidity
felt when pressure, particularly abdominal pressure is suddenly released
rebound tendernous
presence of an excessive amount of gas in the stomach and/or small intestine
flatulence
expired air. gas in the stomach or small intestine. eructation.
flatus
belching
eructation
relating to a system in any sense.
systemic
restricted or limited to a definite part
localized
nonorganic; ailment is one that is not caused by a structural defect
functional disease
relating to an organ
organic disease (that's a stupid name...)
exhaustion from lack of food or defect in assimilation (taking materials from outside body to inside)
inanition
state of deep or prolonged unconsciousness resembling profound slumbers from which the person can be aroused, but into which he immediately relapses
lethargy
lethargy, unconsciousness
stupor
to dull or blunt (sensation or pain)
obtund
sleepy, drowsy, having an inclination to sleep. semicomatose
somnolent
charcot's syndrome: ischemia of the leg muscles due to sclerosis with narrowing of the arteries. attacks are characterize by lameness and pain with walking
claudication
hyponemia. local anemia due to mechanical obstruction to the blood supply
ischemia
circumscribed narrowing or stenosis of a tubular structure
stricture
narrowing of any canaal; a stricture;esp. of a cardiac valve
stenosis
absence of a normal opening or normally patent lumen
atresia
act of closing or the state of being closed
occlusion
relating to opposite sides
contralateral
on the same side
ipsilateral
state of giving birth (dead or alive)
parity
pregnant women
gravity
enlargement of cavity, canal, vessel; physiologically or artificially
dilation
binding or contracting of a part, stricture, stenosis
constriction
feeding by the belly tube
gavage
washing of a hallow organ with copious amts of water
lavage
bursting open, splitting or gaping by the divergence of parts
dehiscence
disembowel (ouch!!), protrusion of the abdominal viscera through a defect created by wound dehiscence
evisceration (google some picts if you want to see some crazy stuff)
pathologic sinus or abnormal passage leading from an abscess cavity or a hollow organ to the surface or from one or organ to another
fistula
deep furrow, cleft or split
fissure
away from center of body or point of origin
distal
nearest to center of body or point of origin
proximal
to spit from mouth
expectorate
relating to cough
tussive
ease with wich a structure or substance may be deformed or distended
compliance
power to produce an effect
efficacy
shortening or increase in tension
contraction
permanent muscular contraction due to tonic spasm or to loss of muscular equilibrium, antagonists being paralyzed
contracture
metabolic disease. deficiency of insulin. presentation: glycosuria, water/electrolyte loss, ketoacidosis, coma. complications: neuropathy, retnopathy, nephropathy, degenrative changes in blood vessels
diabetes mellitus
inadequate output of adh. presentation: large amounts of pale urine, extreme thirst.
diabetes insipidus