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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ambiopa
double vision caused by each eye focusing separately.
amblyopia
dullness or dimness of vision.
anisocoria
inequality in the diameter of the pupils of the eyes.
blepharoptosis
drooping of the upper eyelid.
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjuctiva of the eye.
corneal
pertaining to the cornea
dacryorrhea
excessive flow of tears
diplopia
double vision caused by each eye focusing separately.
ectropion
eversion (turning outward) of the edge of the eyelid.
entropian
inversion (turning inward) of the edge of the eye.
esotropia
obvious inward turning of one eye in relation to the other eye. (crosseyes)
exotropia
obvious outward turning of one eye in relation to the other eye (walleye)
extraocular
pertaining to outside the eye.
hemianopia
blindness in one-half of the visual field.
iriditis
inflammation of the iris.
iritis
inflammation of the iris.
lacrimal
pertaining to tears.
miosis
abnormal constriction of the pupil of the eye.
miotic
agent that causes the pupil of the eye to contrict.
mydriasis
abnormal dilation of the pupil of the eye.
nystagmus
involunatary, rhythmic jerking movements of the eye.
ophthalmologist
medical doctor who specializes in the treatment of the diseases and disorders of the eye.
ophthalmology
branch of medicine that specializes in the study of the diseases and disorders of the eye.
ophthalmopathy
any disease of the eye
optic
pertaining to the eyes or to the sight.
optician
health professional who specializes in filling perscriptions for corrective lenses for glasses or contact lenses.
optometrist
health professional who speicalizes in testing the eyes for visual acuity and prescribing corrective lenses.
phacomalacia
softening of the lens of the eye.
photophobia
abnormal sensitivity to light; especially by the eyes.
presbyopia
loss of accomodation for near vision; poor vision due to the natural aging process.
retinopathy
any disease of the retina
acoustic
pertaining to sound or hearing.
aural
pertaining to the ear.
labyrinthitis
inflammation of the inner ear
otalgia
pain in the ear; earache.
otitis media
inflammation of the middle ear.
otomycosis
fungal infection of the external auditory meatus of the ear.
otorrhea
drainage from the ear; usually associated with inflammation of the ear.
presbycusis
loss of hearing due to the natural aging process.
tinnitus
ringing or tinkling noise heard in the ears; may be a sign of injury to the ears
vertigo
sensation of spinning around or of having things in the room or area spinning around the person; result in disturbance of equilibrum.
ambi
both, both sides
ably/o
dull
aque/o
watery
blephar/o
eyelid
conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva
cor/o
pupil
corne/o
cornea
dacry/o
tears
dacryocyst/o
tear sac
dipl/o
double
epi
upon, over
es/o
within
ex/o
outward
extra
outside, beyond
glauc/o
gray, silver
hemi
half
ir/o
iris
irid/o
iris
kerat/o
hard or horny
lacrim/o
tears
mi/o
smaller
nas/o
nose
ocul/o, ophthalm/o
eye
opia/opsia
visual condition
opt/o, optic/o
eye, vision
palpebr/o
eyelid
phac/o, phak/o
lens
phot/o
light
ptosis
drooping
pupill/o
pupil
retin/o
retina
scler/o
hard
scot/o
darkness
ton/o
tension
vitre/o
glassy
xer/o
dry
astigmatism
refractive error causing the light rays entering the eye to be focused irregularly on the retina due to an abnormal shaped cornea.
blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelid margins stemming from seborrheic, allergic, or bacterial origin.
cataract
lens in the eye becomes progressively cloudy losing its normal transparency and thus altering the perception of images due to the interference of light transmission to the retina.
chalazion
cyst or nodule on the eyelid resulting from an obstruction of a meibomian gland, which is responsible for lubricating the margin of the eye.
conjunctivitis acute
inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the eyelids and covering the front part of the eyeball.
exophthalmia
abnormal protrusion of the eyeballs usually the sclera noticeable over the iris.
glaucoma
ocular disorders identified as a group due to the increase in intraocular pressure.
hordeolum
bacterial infection of an eyelash follicle or sebaceous gland originating with redness, swelling, and mild tenderness in the margin of the eyelash.
hyperopia
refractive error in which the lens of the eye cannot focus on an image accurately, resulting in impaired close vision that is blurred due the light rays being focused behind the retina because the eyeball is shorter than normal.
hyphema
bleed inot the anterior chamber of the eye resulting as a postoperative complication or from a blunt eye injury.
keratitis
corneal inflammation caused by a microorganism, trauma to the eye, a break in the sensory innervation of the cornea, hypersensitivity reaction, or tearing defect.
myopia
refractive error in which the lens of the eye cannot focus on an image accurately, resulting in impaired distant vision that is blurred due to the light rays being focused in front of the retina because the eyeball is longer than normal.
nystagmus
vertical, horizontal, rotary, mixed rhythmic involuntary movement of the eye(s) caused by use of alcohol or certain drugs, lesions on the brain or inner ear, congenital abnormalities, nerv injury at birth, or abnormal retinal development.
presbyopia
refractive error occuring after the age 40, when the lens of the eye cannot focus on an image accurately due to its decreasing loss of elasticity resulting in firmer and more opaque lens.
scleritis
presence of inflammation in the white, outside covering of the eyeball, sclera.
strabismus
failure of the eyes to gaze in the same direction due to weakness in the muscles controlling the position of one eye.
cholesteatoma
slow-growing cystic mass made up of epithelial cell debris and cholesterol found in the middle of the ear.
otitis externa
inflammation of the outer or external ear canal (swimmer's ear)
otitis media
middle ear infection, which predominately affects infants, toddlers, and preschoolers.
fundoscopy
examination of the fundus of the eye, base or the deepest part of the eye, with an instrument called an ophthalmoscope.
laser in situ keratomileusis
LASIK procedure to correct nearsightedness.
tonometry
process of determining the intraocular pressure by calculating the resistance of the eyeball to an applied force causing indentation.
myringotomy
surgical procedure with insertion of a small ventilation tube introduced into the inferior segment of the tympanic membrane
OD
right eye (ocular dextar)
OS
left eye (ocular sinister)
PERLA
pupil equal; reac to light and accommodation
REM
rapid eye movement
ENT
ear, nose and throat
AD
right ear (auris dextra)
OU
each eye (oculus uterque)
AS
left eye (auris sinistra)
AU
each ear (unitas)