Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/59

Click to flip

59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adenopathy
any disease of a gland.
adrenalectomy
surgical removal of one or both of the adrenal glands
adrenocortical
pertaining to the cortex of the adrenal glands
androgen
any steriod hormone that increases male characteristics for example, testosterone
antidiuretic
pertaining to the suppression of urine production; an agent given to suppress the production of urine.
endocrine gland
ductless gland that produces a chemical substance called a hormone, which is secreted directly into the bloodstream instead of exciting the body through ducts.
endocrinology
physician who specializes in the medical practice of treating the disease and disorders of the endocrine system.
euthyroid
pertaining to a noramlly functioning thyroid gland.
exocrine gland
gland that opens onto the surface of the skin through ducts in the epithelium, such as an oil gland or a sweat gland.
exophthalmia (exophthalmos)
abormal condition characterized by a marked outward protrusion of the eyeballs.
gonads
term used to refer to the female sex glands or ovaries, and the male sex gland or testes.
hirsutism
condition in which there is excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern.
hypercalcemia
elevated blood calcium level.
hyperglycemia
elevated blood sugar level.
hyperkalemia
elevated blood potassium level.
hypernatremia
elevated blood sodium level.
hypocalcemia
less than normal blood calcium level.
hypoglycemia
less than normal blood sugar level.
hypokalemia
less than normal blood potassium level.
hyponatremia
less than normal blood sodium level.
polydipsia
excessive thirst
polyuria
excretion of excessively large amounts of urine.
acromegaly
chronic metabolic condition characterized by gradual, noticeable enlargement and elongation of the bones of the face, jaw, and extremities, due to oversecretion of the pituitary gland after puberty.
diabetes insipidus
metabolic disorder characterized by extreme polydipsia and polyuria this is a disorder of the pituitary gland due to deficiency in secretion of the antidiuretic hormone.
dwarfism
condition in which there is an abnormal underdevelopment of the body; condition characterized by extremely short height and is usually caused by undersecretion of the pituitary gland
gigantism
abnormal condition characterized by excessive size and height; this condition is usually due to an oversecretion of the pituitary gland
thyroid gland
A butterfly-shaped endocrine gland in the neck that is found on both sides of the trachea windpipe). It secretes the hormone thyroxine which controls the rate of metabolism.
goiter
enlargement of the thyroid gland due to excessive growth (hyperplasia)
hyperthyroidism (grave's disease)
overactivity of the thyroid gland; also called graves disease
hypothyriodism
less than normal activity of the thyroid gland.
myxedema
most severe form of hypothyroidism in the adult. characterized by puffiness in the hands, face, coarse, thickening, edematous skin, enlarged tongue, slow speech, low of and dryness of the hair, sensitivity to cold, drowsiness, and mental apathy.
cretinism
congenital condition (occurs at birth) caused by a lack of thyroid secretion. condition characterized by dwarfism, slowed mental development, puffy facial features, dry skin, and large tongue.
thyroiditis (hashimoto's thyroiditis)
inflammation of the thyroid gland.
thyrotoxicosis (thyroid storm)
The condition resulting from presentation to the tissues of excessive quantities of the thyroid hormones, whether the excess results from overproduction by the thyroid gland (as in Graves disease), originated outside the thyroid or is due to loss of storage function and leakage from the gland.
hyperparathyroidism
hyperactivity of the 4 parathyroid glands resulting in oversecretion of parathyroid hormone.
hypoparathyroidism
less than normal of the 4 parathyroid glands
addison's disease
life-threatening disease due to failure of the adrenal cortex to secrete adequate mineralcorticoids and glucocorticoids resulting from an autoimmune process, a neoplasm, an infection, or a hemorrhage in the gland.
conn's disease
condition characterized by excretion of excessive amounts of aldosterone, the most influential of the mineralocorticoids, which cause the body to retain extra sodium and excrete extra potassium, leading to an increased volume of blood (hypervolemia and hypertension.
cushing's disease
condition of the adrenal glan in which there is a cluster of symptoms occurring as a result of an excessive amount of cortisol or ACTH circulating in the blood.
pheochromocytoma
vascular tumor of the adrenal medulla that produces extra epinephrine and norepinephrine, leading to persistent or intermittent hypertension and heart palpitations.
virilism
development of male secondary sex characateristics in the female due to the excessive secretion of adrenocortical androgens frmo teh adrenal cortex
pancreas
A tongue-shaped glandular organ lying below and behind the stomach
diabetes mellitus
disorder of the pancreas in which the beta cells of the islets of langerhans of the pancreas fail to produce an adequate amount of insulin, resulting in teh body's inability to appropriately metabolize carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
gestational diabetes
disorder in which women who are not diabetic before pregnancy develop diabetes during pregnancy; inability to metabolize carbohydrates with results of hyperglycemia.
pancreatitis
acute or chronic destructive inflammatory condition of the pancreas.
pituitary gland
A small oval shaped endocrine gland situated at the base of the brain in the fossa (depression) of the sphenoid bone. The overall role is to regulate growth and metabolism.
thyroid function test (T3, T4 & TSH)
test that measure the blood levels fo the hormone T3, T4, and TSH
glucose tolerance test (GTT)
test that evaluates the person's ability to tolerate concentrated oral glucose load by measuring the glucose levels.
radioactive iodine uptake test (RAIU)
thyroid function test that evaluates the function of the thyroid gland by administering a known amout of radioactive iodine and later placing a gamma ray detector over the thyroid gland to determine the percentage or quantity of radioactive iodine absorbed by the gland over specific time periods.
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone
Ca
calcium
GTT
glucose tolerance test
K
potassium
Na
sodium
NIDDM
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
RAIU
radioactive iodine intake
T3
triiodothyronine (thyroid hormone)
T4
thyroxine (thyroid hormone)
TSH
thyroid-stimulating hormone