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93 Cards in this Set

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basophil
blood cell that attracts alkline dyes - release histamines - initiates inflammation and anticlotting at sites of injury
eosinophil
blood cell that attracts red dyes - detoxifies foreign proteins - especially those causing allergic reactions
erythrocyte
red blood cell
granulocyte
granular blood cell
hemolysis
destruction of blood
hematology
study of blood
leukocyte
white blood cell - protects body from bacteria and other harmful substances
lymphocyte
type of white blood cell - important in immunity
myelosuppression
suppression of the bone marrow
neutrophil
blood cell that attracts both acid and alkaline dyes - phagocytic cells - ingest and destroy bacteria
sideropenia
iron deficiency
agglutination
process of clumping
coagulation
process of clotting
thrombolysis
destruction or dissolution of a clot
anemia
blood condition characterized by red blood cell or iron deficiency
plasma
liquid portion of blood
albumin
protein helps maintain the blood at the proper consistency, most abundant protein
globulins
protein in the immune system, helping to destroy foreign substances
fibrinogen
blood clotting entity
prothrombin
blood clotting entity
serum
blood without clotting proteins
thrombocytes
platelets
hemoglobin
carries oxygen to the cells, iron containing protein
monocytes
phagocytic cells - ingest and destroy foreign particles
lymphocytes
lymph cells - play a role in the immune responses
thromboplastin
protein that causes clotting - causes prothrombin to turn in to thrombin which causes fibrinogen to turn in to fibrin which causes a clot
fibrin
causes a clot
Type o
universal doner
Type AB
universal recipients
aplastic anemia
failure of bone marrow to produce stem cells or stem cells to mature
blood dyscrasia
any abnormality of the blood
ecchymosis
discoloration caused by leakage of the blood under the skin following an injury
hemolytic anemia
excessive destruction of red blood cells
hemophilia
hereditary - no clotting factor- excessive bruising and bleeding
hemorrhage
bleeding - excessive or uncontrolled bleeding
iron deficiency anemia
insufficiet iron intake
hematopoiesis
stem cells change in to other cells
iron-deficiency anemia
insufficient iron intake in the diet
leukemia
excessive production of white blood cells
leukopenia
deficiency of white blood cells
multiple myeloma
bone marrow growth - malignant disease arising from the bone marrow
pernicious anemia
deficient or abnormal maturation of red blood cells, inability to absorb B12
polycythemia
many blood cells without increased blood volume - thick, sticky blood
purpura
purple - bleeding under the skin produces purplish - reddish brown spots
sickle cell anemia
fragile sickle shaped red blood cells and reduced oxygen holding capacity - in african americans
thrombocytopenia
deficiency in platelets (blood clot cells)
CBC
Complete blood count - measures hemoglobin concentration and numbers of red, white, and platelets blood cells
hematocrit
'to seperate blood' - test to measure percentage of total blood volume made up by red blood cells
hemoglobin
test to measure hemoglobin in the blood
RBC
red blood count - measures number of red blood cells per cubic ml of blood
WBC
white blood count - measures number of whitel blood cells per cu ml of blood
bone marrow transplant
patients diseased bone marrow is destroyed and replaced with doner bone marrow - used in aplastic anemia, leukemia, and certain cancers
lymphadenopathy
disease of the lymph glands
adenoiditis
inflammation of the adenoids
lymphangiography
x-ray of the lymph vessels
splenomegaly
enlargement of the spleen
thymitis
inflammation of the thymus
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils
interstitial
situated in the spaces between the cells
asplenia
absence of the spleen
lymphadenitis
inflammation of the lymph glands
lymphadenopathy
disease of the lymph glands
lymphangioma
growth of the lymph vessels
lymphedema
swelling of the tissues due to obstruction of the lymph vessels
lymphoma
tumor of the lymph nodes or other lymph tissue
lymphangiography
x-ray recording of lymph vessels
adenoidectomy
surgical removal of the adenoids
splenectomy
surgical removal of the spleen
tonsillectomy
surgical removal of the tonsils
Ht / Hct
hematocrit
Fe
iron
Pro-time
Prothrombin
AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
IV
intravenous
PT
pro time or prothrombin time
lytes
electrolytes
agglutin/o
clumping
coagul/o
coagulate
thrombin/o
clot
-emia
condition
sider/o
iron
myel/o
bone marrow
leuk/o
white
hemat/o
blood
hem/o
blood
erythr/o
red
eosin/o
dawn, rosy, red
aden/o
gland
angi/o
vessel
splen/o
spleen - large lymph node - filters lymph and maufactures lymphocytes and monocytes, destroys old red cells and stores new cells
thym/o
thymus - lymph gland located between the lungs - essential in children not adults
tonsil/o
tonsill - lymphatic tissue in the throat - filter lymph
Hgb
hemoglobin