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95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
atri/o
atrium
atrial
pertaining to the atria
cardi/o
heart
cardiology
study of the heart
sphygm/o
pulse
sphygmoscopy
examination of the pulse
valvul/o
valve
ventricul/o
ventricle
ventricular
pertaining to hte venticles
angi/o
blood vessel
angiography
visualization of the blood vessels
aort/o
aorta
aortic
pertaining to the aorta
arteri/o
artery
arteriostenosis
narrowing of the arteries
arteriol/o
arteriole
arteriolar
pertaining to the arteriole
phleb/o
vein
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
vas/o
vessel
vascul/o
vessel
vasoactive
acting on the blood vessels
vascular
pertaining to the blood vessels
ven/o
vein
venous
pertaining to the veins
venul/o
venule
venular
pertaining to the venules
ather/o
fatty substance
atheroma
a fatty deposit
embol/o
embolus
embolism
blockage due to an embolus (circulating clot)
thromb/o
clot
thrombolysis
process of dissolving a clot
-sclerosis
hardening
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
-tension
tautness, blood pressure
hypertension
elevated blood pressure
endocardium
inner membranous layer of the heart wall
myocardium
muscular middle layer of the heart wall
epicardium
outer layer of the heart wall
pericardium
fibrous sac that encloses the heart
atria
two upper chambers of the heart
ventricles
two lower chambers of the heart
sinoatrial
S-A node
S-A node
heart's pacemaker
electrocardiogram
record of the electrical activity of the heart
ECG
ElectoCardioGram
EKG
ElectroCardioGram
vasculature
blood vessels in the body
arteries
large vessels that carry blood away from the heart (generally oxygenated)
arterioles
smaller branches of the arteries (generally oxygenated)
capillaries
sites of exchange between blood and the tissues
venules
blood leaving the capillary beds
veins
large vessels that carry blood to the heart from the venules
venae cavae
two large veins returning blood to the heart to the right atrium
superior vena cava
blood returning from the upper portion of the body
inferior vena cava
blood returning from the lower portion fo the body
pulmonary artery
blood carried from the heart to the lungs (from right ventrical)
pulmonary veins
blood returning to the heart from the lungs (into the left atrium)
aorta
body's largest artery for distribution of blood to the tissues
pulmonary circulation
pathway mediated by the right side of the heart - pumps blood to the lungs for oxygenation
systemic circulation
pathway mediated by the left side of the heart - pumps oxygenated blood to the tissues
coronary arteries
supplies the heart with oxygen and nutrients
blood pressure
force exterted by blood on the walls of the arteries
systolic pressure
pressure when blood is ejected from the heart (during systole)
diastolic pressure
pressure when the heart relaxes (during diastole)
atheroma
fatty growth - fatty deposit that obstructs the blood flow through a vessel
atherosclerotic plaque
fatty deposit usually in the artery - same as atheroma
atherosclerosis
hardening of a fatty substance - fatty deposits within a blood vessel obstruct blood flow and reduce elasticity of the vessel
bradycardia
abnormally slow heart rate
cardiac arrest
pertaining to the heart stopping - cessation of cardia function
cardiomyopathy
any disease of the heart muscle
congestive heart failure
condition in which the ability of the heart to pump blood is impaired (CHF)
coronary artery disease
any disease process that impairs the ability of the coronary arteries to deliver an adequate supply of blood to the heart muscle (CAD)
endocarditis
inflammation of the membrane lining the interior of the heart, usually due to an infection
fibrillation
small fiber process - irregular quivering contractions of the ventricular muscle resulting in desynchronization of electrical impulses in the heart
hypertension
consistently elevated blood pressure > 140/90
hypotension
abnormally low blood pressure
infarction
area of tissue death (necrosis) occuring as a result of oxygen deprivation
myocardial infarction
condition in which delivery of oxygen to a protion of the heart muscle is impaired, also referred to as a heart attack or MI
myocarditis
inflammation of the muscular layer of the heart wall due to infection
pericarditis
inflammation of the fibruous sac surrounding the heart due to infection
peripheral vascular disease
progressive disease in which the blood vessels of the legs become narrower usually due to atherosclerosis (PVD)
tachycardia
abnormally fast heart rate
thrombosis
condition in which a stationary blood clot obstructs a blood vessel
angiography
x-ray recording of the blood vessels after injection of a contrast agent
cardiac catherization
procedure in which a small tube is pushed through a blood vessel until it reaches the heart, samples blood in the heart and evaluate the coronary arteries
echocardiography
high frequency sound waves are use dto produce an image of the internal structures of the heart
electrocardiography
elctrodes are place on the body are used to record patterns of electrical activity in the heart
pericardiocentesis
porcedure in which a hollow needle is inserted through the chest wall into the fibrous sac to withdraw fluid for diagnostic purposes and to relieve pressure on the heart
sphygmomanometry
measurement of blood pressure using a blood pressure cuff
balloon angioplasty
surgical repair of a vessel - deflated balloon is pushed through a blood vessel to a site of obstruction and inflated to restore the vessel to its normal size (PTCA)
coronary artery bypass graft
procedure in which a vein taken form the leg or other part of the body is grafted onto the heart to circumvent an obstruction in a coronary artery (CABG)
phlebotomy
surgical opening of a vein
cardioversion
defibrillation - electrical shock to return heart to the a normal rhythm