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163 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
left hypochondriac
upper left region beneath the ribs
epigastric
region above the stomach
right hypochondriac
upper right region beneath the ribs
left lumbar
left middle lateral region
umbilical
region of the navel
right lumbar
right middle lateral region
left inguinal (iliac)
left lower lateral region
hypogastric
lower middle region beneath the navel
right inguinal (iliac)
right lower lateral region
abduction
movement away from the median plane of the body or one of its parts
Adduction
movement toward the median plane of the body
medial
pertaining to the midline of the body or structure
lateral
pertaing to a side
superior(cephalad)
toward the head or upper portion of a structure
inferior(caudal)
away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure
Proximal
nearer the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body
Distal
further from the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body
Anterior (ventral)
near the front of the body
Posterior (dorsal)
near the back of the body
parietal
pertaing to the outer wall of the body cavity
Visceral
pertaining to the viscera, or internal organs, especially the abdominal organs
Prone
lying horizontal with the face downward, or indicating the position of the hand or foot with the palm turned downward
Supine
lying on the back with the face upward, or indicating the position of the hand or foot with the palm or foot facing upward
Inversion
turning inward or inside out
Eversion
turning outward
Palmer
pertaining to the palm of the hand
Planter
pertaining to the sole of the foot
Superficial
toward the surface of the body
deep
away from the surface of the body (internal)
cyto
cell
hist/o
tissue
nucle/o
kary/o
nucleus
anter/o
anterior, front
caud/o
tail
dist/o
far, farthest
dors/o
back(of body)
infer/o
lower, below
later/o
side
medi/o
middle
poster/o
back (of body)
behind, posterior
proxim/o
near, nearest
ventr/o
belly, belly side
abdomin/o
abdomen
cervic/o
neck; cervix uteri
(neck of uterus)
crani/o
cranium (skull)
gastr/o
stomach
ili/o
ilium
inguin/o
groin
lumb/o
loins, lower back
umbilic/o
navel
pelv/i
pelv/o
pelvis
spin/o
spine
thorac/o
chest
albin/o
leuk/o
white
chlor/o
green
chrom/o
color
cirrh/o
jaund/o
xanth/o
yellow
cyan/o
blue
erythr/o
red
melan/o
black
poli/o
gray; gray matter
acr/o
extremity
eti/o
cause
fasci/o
band, fascia
idi/o
unknown, peculiar
morph/o
form, shape, structure
path/o
disease
radi/o
radiation, x-ray, radius
somat/o
body
son/o
sound
viscer/o
internal organs
xer/o
dry
-logy
study of
-logist
specialist in the study of
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
-gnosis
knowing
-gram
record, writing
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
-meter
instrument for measuring
-metry
act of measuring
-pathy
disease
ab-
from, away from
ad-
toward
infra-
below, under
hetero-
different
homeo-
same, alike
peri-
around
super-
upper, above
trans-
across, through
ultra-
excess, beyond
cell membrane
boundry of cell
cytoplasm
body of cell
nucleus
center of the cell that contains the chromosomes
chromosomes
46 (23 pair) except the sperm and the egg which have 23 versus 46
genes
heredity characteristic
DNA
a chemical found in every gent that regulates the activity of the cell
karotype
picture of the nucleus
Down Syndrome
47 chromosomes versus 46
muscle
produces movement
nervous tissue
conducts impulses to and from the brain
connective tissue
examples are bone, fat, blood, cartilage
epithelial tissue
lining for internal organs and outer surface of skon covering the body
RUQ
large and small intestines, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
LUQ
large and small intestines, pancreas, liver, stomach, spleen
RLQ
large and small intestines, right ureter, appendix, right ovary, right fallopian tu be
LLQ
large and small intestines, left ureter, left ovary, left fallopian tube
extension
limb is in a straight position
flexion
limb is bent
afferent
toward the center
efferent
away from the center
unilateral
one side
bilateral
both sides
ap
anteroposterior
ct
computed tomography
cat
computed axial tompgraphy scan
Dx
diagnosis
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
PA
posteroanterior; pernicious anemia
PET
position emission tomography
epidermis
outer layer of skin
dermis
inner layer of skin
subcutaneous/hypodermis
connective tissue layer that connects the skin to underlying organs
sudoriferous gland (sweat)
cools the body
sebaceous glands
secretes oil to protect the body
lunula
moon shaper white area near the root of the nailbed
abrasion
scraping away the skin
abscess
localized collection of pus
alopecia
baldness
cellulitis
inflammation of cellular or connective tissue
cicatrix
scar
comedo
blackhead
contusion
bruise
decubitus ulcer
bedsore
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
edema
swelling
erythema
inflammatory redness of skin
fissure
crackline sore in the skin
furuncle/ carbuncle
boil
gangrene
death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply, followed by bacteria invasion
herpes
inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus
herpes simplex
causes fever blisters
herpes zoster
causes shingles
hirsutism
excessive growth of hair or presence of hair in unusual places, especially in women
jaundice
condition characterized by yellow tinge to the skin
keloid
thickened scar
laceration
torn, ragged-edged wound
lesion
any pathological change in the structure or function of tissue owing to injury or disease
nevus
birthmark, mole
pallor
paleness
pediculosis
invasion of lice into skin and hair
pruritus
itching
psoriasis
chronic skin disease characterized by itching, red macules, papules, or silvery scales
tactile
pertaining to touch
tinea
ringworm
ulcer
eroded sore on the skin or muscous membrane
urticaria
hives
verruca
wart
vesicle
blister
allograft
skin graft of self
xenograft
skin graft from someone else (donor)
Bx/ bx
biopsy
ung
ointment