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97 Cards in this Set

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acetabulum
Rounded depression, or socket, in the pelvis, which joins the femus (thight bone), forming the hip joint.
acromion
outward extension of the shoulder bone forming the point of the shoulder. It overlies the sshoulder joint and articulates with the clavicle
articular cartilage
thing layer of cartilage occuring at the ends of long bones and covering any part of any bone that comes together with another bone to form a joint
bone
dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton. Examples are long bones (femur), short bones (carpals), flat bones (scapula), and sesamoid bones (patella).
calcium
one of the mineral constituents of bone. Calcium phospate is the major calcium salt in bones
cancellous bone
spongy, porous, trabecular bone
cartilaginous tissue (cartilage)
Flexible, rubbery connective tissue. It is found in the immature skeleton at the epiphyseal growth plate and on joint surfaces
collagen
dense connective tussue strands found in bone.
compact bone
hard, dense bone tissue
condyle
knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near the joint.
cranial bones
skull bones: ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, and temporal.
diaphysis
shaft, or midportion, of a long bone
disk (disc)
flat, round, plate-like structure. An intervertebral disk is a fibrocartilaginous substance between two vertebrae.
epiphyseal plate
cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place in the immature skeleton.
epiphysis
each end of a long bone: the area beyond the epiphyseal plate.
facial bones
bones of the fac: lacrimal, mandible, maxillae, nasal, vomer, and zygomatic
fissure
Narrow, slit-like opening in or between bones.
fontanelle
Soft spot (incomplete bone formation) between the skull bones of an infant
foramen
opening or passage in bones where blood vessels, nerves, or both enter and leave. The foramen magnum is the opening of the occipital bone trhough which the spinal cord passes
fossa
shallow cavity in a bone
haversian canals
minute spaces filled with blood vessels:found in compact bone
malleolus
round process on both sides of the ankle joint. The lateral malleolus is par of the fibula, and the medial malleoulus is part of the tibia
manubrium
upper portion of the sternum: articulates with the medial aspect of the clavicle
mastoid process
round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear
medullary cavity
central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone
metaphysis
the flared portion of a long bone, lying between the diaphysis (shaft) and the epiphyseal plate (meta-means between).
OLECRANON
large process on the proximal end of the ulna: the point of the flexed elbow
osseous tissue
bone tissue
ossification
process of bone formation
osteoblast
bone cell that helps from bone tissue
osteoclast
bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bone tissue
perosteum
membrane surrounding bones: rich in blood vessels and nerve tissue
phosphorus
mineral substance found in bones in combination with calcium
pubic symphysis
area of confluence (coming together) of the two pubic bones. They are joined (sym-means toghether, -physis mean to grow) by a fibrocartilaginous disc.
red bone marrow
found in cancellous bone: site of hematopoiesis
ribs
these 24 elongated, curved bones form the bony wall of the chest. True ribs are the first 7 pairs: false ribs are pairs 8-10; floating ribs are pairs 11 and 12
sella turcica
depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located
sinus
hollow cavity within a bone
styloid process
pole-like process on the temporal bone
suture
joint between bones, such as the skull (cranium)
temporomandibular joint
connection between the temporal base of the skull and mandibular bone of the jaw
trabeculae
supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous (spongy) bone
trochanter
large process on lateral proximal aspect of the femur: attachment site for muscles and tendons
tubercle
rounded process on bone: attachment site for muscles and tendons
tuberosity
rounded process on bone: attachment site for muscles and tendons
xiphoid process
lower, narrow portion of the sternum
yellow boen marrow
fatty tissue found in thediaphyses of long bones in other individuals
calc/o
calci/o
calcium
kyph/o
humpback(posterior curvature in the thoracic region)
lamin/o
lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
lord/o
curve, swayback(anterior curvature in the lumbar region)
lumb/o
loins, lower back
myel/o
bone marrow
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
scoli/o
crooked, bent(lateral curvature)
spondyl/o (used to make words about conditions of the structure)
vertebra
-blast
embryonic or immature cell
-clast
to break
-listhesis
slipping
-malacia
softening
-physis
to grow
-porosis
pore, passage
-tome
insturment to cut
acetabul/o
acetabulum
(hip socket)
calcane/o
calcaneus
(heel bone)
carp/o
carpals
(wrist bones)
clavicul/o
clavicle
(collar bone)
cost/o
ribs (true ribs, false ribs, and floating ribs)
crani/o
cranium
(skull bones)
femor/o
femur(thigh bone)
fibul/o
fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o
ilium (upper part of pelvic bone)
ischi/o
ischium (posterior part of pelvic bone)
malleol/o
malleous(proacess on each side of the ankle)
mandibul/o
mandibe (lower jaw bone)
maxillo
maxilla(upper jaw bone)
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsals (foot bones)
malleol/o
malleous(proacess on each side of the ankle)
mandibul/o
mandibe (lower jaw bone)
maxillo
maxilla(upper jaw bone)
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsals (foot bones)
phalang/o
phalanges (finger and/or toe bones)
pub/o
pubis (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
radi/o
radius (lower arm bone -thumb side)
scapul/o
scapula (shoulder bone)
ster/o
sternum
(brestbone)
tars/o
tarsals (bones of the hindfoot)
tibi/o
tibia (shin bone)
uin/o
ulna (lower arm bone_little finger side)
Ewing Sarcoma
Malignant bone tumor
exostosis
Bony growh arising from the surface of bone (ex-means out, -ostosis means condition of bone)
fracture
Traumatic breaking of a bone
osteogenic sarcoma
Malignant tumor arising from bone (osteosarcoma)