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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
acute coronary syndrome (ACS)
sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the heart indicating unstable angina or myocardial infarction
anemia
reduction in the amount of hemoglobin in the red blood cells
aneurysm
ballooning of a weakened portion of an aterial wall
angina pectoris
chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart muscle.
cardiac arrest
sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation, which requires CPR.
cardiac tamponade
acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity.
coarctation of the aorta
congenital cardiac condition characterized by a narrowing of the aorta.
congenital heart disease
heart abnormality present at birth.
congestive heart failure
inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs.
coronary occlusion
obstruction of an artery of the heart.
deep vein thrombosis
condition of thrombus in a deep vein of the body.
dysrhythmia
any disturbance or abnormality in the heart's normal rhythmic pattern.
embolus
blood clot or foreign material, such as air or fat, that enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point in the circulation.
fibrillation
rapid, quivering, noncoordinated contractions of the atria or ventricles.
hemochromatosis
an iron metabolism disorder that occurs when too much iron is absorbed from food.
hemophilia
inherited bleeding disease most commonly caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VIII.
hemorrhoid
varicose vein in the rectal area, which may be internal or external.
hodgkin disease
malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes
hypertensive heart disease
disorder of the heart brought about by persistent high blood pressure
intermittent claudication
pain and discomfort in calf muscles while walking.
mitral valve stenosis
a narrowing of the mitral valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of rheumatic fever.
myocardial infarction
death of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from an interrupted blood supply. AKA heart attack.
peripheral arterial disease
disease of the arteries, other than those of the heart and brain, that affects blood circulation.
rheumatic fever
an inflammatory disease, usually occurring in children and often after an upper respiratory tract streptococcal infection.
rheumatic heart disease
damage to the heart muscle or heart valves caused by one or more episodes of rheumatic fever.
sickle cell anemia
a hereditary, chronic hemolytic disease characterized by crescent- or sickle- shaped red blood cells.
varicose veins
distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities.