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148 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin
Keratin
horny, or cornified layer, composed of proteins. Hair, nails, skin all contain it.
melanin
pigmentation of the skin
dermis
inner layer of the skin
sudoriferous gland
sweat glands, coiled tubular structures that emerge on the skin's surface
sebaceous gland
glands that produce sebum (oil) into hair follicles where the shafts pass through the dermis
Accessory structures of integumentary system:
hair and nails
hair
keratinized, compressed structures that arrise from hair follicles.
nails
upper surface of fingers and toes, originate from epidermis
words of skin
cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o
word for sweat
hidr/o
words for hard
kerat/o, horny tissue
words for nails
onych/o, ungu/o
words for oil
seb/o, sebum
words for hair
trich/o
coni/o
dust
crypt/o
hidden
heter/o
other
myc/o
fungus
necr/o
death
pachy/o
thick
rhytid/o
wrinkles
staphyl/o
grapelike cluster
xer/o
dry
epi
on, upon, over
intra
within
para
beside, beyond, around
per
through
sub
under, below
strept/o
twisted chain
coccus
berry shaped
-ectomy excision
surgical removal
-ia
abnormal state, diseased
-itis
inflammed
-malacia
softening
-opsy
to view
-phagia
eating, swallowing
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhea
flow, excessive discharge
-tome
instrument used to cut
Lesion
any visible change in the skin (sores, wounds, ulcers, tumors, freckles, moles, sunspots)
Contact dermatitis
localized allergic response from contact with a irritant or allergen
dermatosis
term to denote any skin lesion, or group of lesions, not associated with inflammation
eczema
inflammatory skin condition characterized by itching, redness, scabbing, scaling, blistering (noninfectious)
erythema
redness of the skin
pruritus
itching associated with most forms of dermatitis
psoriasis
chronic skin condition characterized by red lesions covered with silvery scales
purpura
condition characterized by hemorrhage into skin, giving bruised appearance
rosacea
chronic skin condition of face characterized by redness, visible blood vessels, and pimples
scleroderma
disease caused by chronic hardening of connective tissue of the skin and other body organs
urticaria
itching skin condition composed of wheals of varying size and shape, usually related to an allergy
xeroderma
dry skin
carbuncle
staphylococcal bacterial infection resulting in a cluster of boil
cullulitis
inflammation of skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leading to redness, swelling, and fever
furuncle
staphlococcal infection in hair follicle, leading to pain skin node
gangrene
death of skin tissue due to lack of oxygen followed by bacterial invasion
impetigo
staphylococci or streptococci infection causing a superficial pustular skin infection
candidiasis
yeast-type fungal infection of the skin, mouth, or vagina cause by candida albicans
tinea
fungal infection of the skin
tinea capitis
fungal infection of the skalp
tinea pedis
fungal infection of the foot (athlete's foot)
tinea cruris
fungal infection of the gential area (jock itch)
tinea corporis
fungal infection of the body (ringworm)
tinea versicolor
fungal infection causing white to light brown areas in the skin (dermatomycosis)
trichomycosis
fungus in the hair
infestation
dwelling of a parasite on external skin tissue
scabies
intensely itchy papular eruption of the skin caused by the itch mite. female burrows into outer layers of skin and lays her eggs
pediculosis
lice invasion of skin and hair
pediculosis capitis
infestation with head lice
pediculosis corporis
infestation with body lice
pediculosis pubis
infestation of lice in pubic region
herpes
inflammation skin disease characterized by small blisters in clusters cause by viral infection
Kaposis sarcoma
cancerous condition starting as purplish/ browning papules on skin of the lower extremities that spreads through skin to lymph nodes and internal organs. frequently seen in AIDS patients
shingles
painful, inflamed blisters that follow a nerve root distribution. same virus as chicken pox
abrasion
mechanical injury caused by scraping away of skin
fissure
slit-like or crack-like sore of the skin
laceration
cut, ragged-edge wound
puncture wound
deep hole made by sharp object
ulcer
open sore or erosion of mucous membranes or skin, resulting in ulcerated area of tissue loss
decubitus ulcer
pressure ulcer, bedsore. ulcerated area due to prolonged pressure that hinders loss of circulation to the area
contusion
injury without breakage of skin, characterized by pain, swelling, and discolorization (bruise)
crust
collection of dried blood and cellular debris
ecchymosis
escape of blood into tissues causing black and blue marks
macule
flat, colored spot on the skin
nevi/nevus
moles, small pigmented skin growths originating from melanocytes in the skin
nodule
small, knotlike mass
papule
small solid skin elevation
petechiae
small pinpoint hemorrhages in the skin, smaller area of ecchymosis
plaque
small raised lesion greater than 0.5 cm
scale
flaking or dry patch made up of dead epidermal cells
verruca
circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by virus (warts)
wheal
round, itchy irritation of the skin
abscess
localized collection of pus
bulla
large fluid filled elevation of skin greater than 0.5 cm
cyst
closed sac filled with fluid or semi-solid material
pustule
elevation of the skin, containing pus
vesicle
small elevation of epidermis containing liquid
port-wine stain
large, reddish-purple discoloration of the skin (birth mark)
strawberry hemangioma
soft, raised dark reddish-purple birthmark consisting of newly formed blood vessels
alopecia
loss of hair
hirsutism
male facial or body hair appearance in a female
clubbing
enlargement of fingertips and curving of nails
koilonychia
spoon nails, outer surface is concave in shape
onychia
inflammation of the matrix of the nail
onychomycosis
any fungal infection of the nail
onychopagia
nail biting
paronychia
acute or chronic infection of the skin fold at the margin of the nail
subungal hematoma
collection of blood trapped in tissue under nail, usually caused my trauma
acne
subaceous gland and hair follicle inflammatory disease
hidradenitis
inflammation of sweat gland
sebaceous cyst
cyst of the sebaceous gland containing yellow, fatty material
seborrhea
skin condition characterized by the overproduction of sebum
seborrheic dermatitis
inflammation of upper layers of skin caused by seborrhea
seborrheic keratosis
benign, waxy, flesh colored, red or brown to black skin tumor
actinic keratosis
precancerous condition of horny tissue, formation that results from overexposure to sunlight. it may evolve into squamous cell carcinoma
basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
an epithelial tumor arising from epidermis common with excessive skin exposure. usually stays local and rarely metastasizes.
epithelioma
benign or malignant tumor of the epidermis. may occur on skin or mucous tissues
malignant melanoma
skin cancer arising from cells capable of forming melanin. signs of lesions associated with malignant melanoma include: asymmetry, irregular borders, mixed colors, and large diameter. this cancer may metastasize to the lungs, liver, or brain.
squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
malignant growth that develops from scale-like epithelial tissue. it appears and firm, painless bumps.
adipose
fat, fatty
albino
an individual with pigment deficiency in eyes, skin and hair
allergy
hypersensitivity to a substance
dermatologist
a physician who studies and treats skin diseases
dermatology
study of the skin
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
edema
puffy swelling of tissue from the accumulation of fluid
emollient
agent that softens or soothes the skin
hypodermic
under the skin
induration
abnormal hard spot
intradermal
within the skin
jaundice
yellow tinge to the skin
keloid
overgrowth of scar tissue
necrosis
death of tissue
pallor
paleness
percutaneous
through the skin
subcutaneous
under the skin
ungal
pertaining the nail
biopsy
removal of living tissue from the body to be viewed under the microscope
cauterization
destruction of diseased tissue by burning
chemical peel
use of chemicals to remove the outer layer of skin
cryosurgery
destruction or elimination of abnormal tissue cells, like tumors or warts through application of extreme cold like liquid nitrogen
dermatoplasty
surgical repair of the skin
debridement
removal of contaminated or dead tissue and/or foreign matter from an open wound
dermabrasion
form of abrasion using sandpaper-like substance or brush
liposuction
surgical removal of fat beneath the skin with assistance of suction
onychectomy
excision of nail
Moh's Surgery
surgical procedure allowing for complete removal of a tumor while sparing surrounding normal tissue
sclerotherapy
used in the obliteration of spider veins by injection into the vessels of a sclerosing substance