Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/97

Click to flip

97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Ascites
Accumulation of fluid in the pertioneal cavity.
The etilogy of a diease it its:
cause
Derived from the Greek αίτιολοία, (aitiologi), "giving a reason for.
Mycosis is caused by
Fungus. refers to conditions in which fungi pass the resistance barriers of the human or animal body and establish infections.
my own sis has fungus.
List 3 major categories of disease.
neoplasia - (abnormal and uncontrolled growth of tissus), Immune disorders - (resulting from lack of enzmes or other factors needed for cellular functions. Mental and emotional disorders - (disorders that affrect the mind and adaption of and indivual to his/her enviroment.
There are serveral more than just three, degenerative disease, immune disorders, metabolic disorers, and hormal disorders.
Compare the common type of infectious organisms and list some diseases caused by each.
the common type of infectionious organisms bacteria, cocci, bacilli, vibrios, spirochetes, chlamyudia.
some of the infectionous diseases that can be caught by this infectionous disease's are rickettsia (extremely amall bacteria that grow in the living cells. Viruses ( submicroscopical infectious agents that can live and reproude only within the cells. Fungi (simple, nongreen plants, some of which are parasites, includes yeast, and molds, Protozoa ( single celled animals; singular, protozon, Heminths - (worms)
Describe some common responses to disease.
1)Inflammation, (heat, pain, redness, and swelling. A common response to infection and to other forms of disease. When cells are injured, they release chemicals that allow blood cells and fluids to moce into the tissues. The inflow of blood results in the four signs at the top of the page.
2)Phagocytosis, the body uses this to get rid fo invading microrgasims, damaged cells, and other types of harmful debris
Define and give examples of neoplasm
Neoplasm is an abnormal and uncontolled growth of tissue , a tumor or growth.
Neoplasm - all over the place and uncontolled growth, tumor or growth.
Examples of Neoplasm, is Benign.
this does not spread or metastize to other tissudes, or grown.
Belgin waffle, you like it just as it is, not bigger, not spread all over the plate.
Examples of Neolasm is Metabilize
To metabilize is to grow and to spread to other tissues although it may cause damage to other tissues, this would be another term called milignant.
Metastaze - its cruzing all around the tissues making the name known.
Examples of Neoplasm, Maligant
Malignant: its a neoplam that metastasizes to other tissues, and is commonly called cancer.
Examples of Neoplasm, Carcinoma
A maliganat tumor that involves epithelial tissue. If the tumor arises in glandular epithelium it is an adenorcarinoma (the root aden/o means gland), a cancer of pigmentted epithelial cells (melanocytes) is a melanoma.
Example of Neoplasm
Sarcoma: A neplasm that involves connective tissue or muscle is a sarcoma.
Identify and use word parts pertaining to disease
alg/o, aldi/o, algesi/o means pain.
EX: algesia
conditioning of having pain
carcin/o
cancer, carinoma
EX: carcinoid
resembling a carinoma
cyst/o, cyst/i
filled sac or pouch, cyst, bladder
EX: cystic
Pertaining to having a cyst
lith
calculus, stone
EX: lithiasis
stone formation
onc/o
tumur
EX: oncogenic
causing a tumor
path/o
disease
EX: pathogen
organism that produces disease
py/o
pus
EX: pyoderma
pus containg skin disease
pyro/o pyret/o
fever, fire
EX: pyrexia
fever
scler/o
hard
EX: sclerosis
hardening of tissue
tox/o, toxic/o
poison
EX: endotoxin
toxin with bacterial cells.
ur/o
urinary tract
EX: urolith
Stone in the urinary tract
brady
slow
Ex: Bradycardia
slow heart (cari-) rate
dys
abnormal, pain, difficult
Ex; dystophy
abnormal nouishment (troph/o)of tissue
mal-
bad, poor
Ex; malabsorption
poor aborsorption of nutrients
pachy-
thick
Ex; pachycephaly
abnormal thinckness of the skull
tachy-
rapid
Ex; tachypnea
rapid breathing (-pnea)
Xero_
dry
Ex; xerdoderma
dryness of the skin
-aldia, -algeia
pain
Ex; neuralgia
pain in he nerve (neur/90)
-cele
heria, localized dilation
Ex; gastrocele
hernia of the stomach (kary/o)
-clasis, -clasia
breaking
Ex; karyoclasia
breaking of the nucleous (kay/o
-itis
inflammation
Ex: cystis
inflammation of the urinary bladder (cyst/o)
-megaly
enlargment
Hepatomegary
enlargement of the liver
-odynia
pain
Ex; urodynia
pain on urination
-oma
Tumor
Ex; lipoma
tumor of fat cells
-pathy
any disease of
Ex nephrpathy
any disease of two kidneys
-rhage, -rhagia
bursting forth, profuse, flow, hemorrage
Ex; hemorrage
profuse blood flow
-rhea
flow, dishcharge
Ex; pyorrhea
discharge of pus
precordium
the Precordium is the portion of the body over the heart and lower chest (thorax).[1]
oncogene
is a gene that causes a tumor
onco/tumor - gene
phagocytosis
Phagocytosis is involved in the acquisition of nutrients for some cells, and in the immune system is a major mechanism used to remove pathogens and cell debris. Bacteria, dead tissue cells, and small mineral particles are all examples of objects that may be phagocytosed. Phagocytosis is the cellular process of engulfing solid particles by the cell membrane to form an internal phagosome, or "food vacuole". The phagosome is usually delivered to the lysosome, an organelle involved in the breakdown of cellular components, which fuses with the phagosome. The contents are subsequently degraded and either released extracellularly via exocytosis, or released intracellularly to undergo further processing.

Phagocytosis is involved in the acquisition of nutrients for some cells, and in the immune system is a major mechanism used to remove pathogens and cell debris. Bacteria, dead tissue cells, and small mineral particles are all examples of objects that may be phagocytosed.

Phagocytosis is a specific form of endocytosis involving the vesicular internalization of solid particles, such as bacteria, and is therefore distinct from other forms of endocytosis such as pinocytosis, the vesicular internalization of liquids
the remains of the phagocytosis consist of fluid in the white blood cells; this mixture is called pus.
lesion
a distinct area of damaged tissue, an injury or wound
Neoplasm
an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of tissue, namely a tumor, may be benign, or malignant.
necrosis
death of tissue
sarcoma
a malignant neoplasm arising from conncetive tissue
from the greek root sacro meaning "flesh"
prolapse
a dropping or downward displacement or an organ or part: ptosis
acid fast stain
a labortory staining procedure used mainly to identify the tuberculosis orgaism
communicable
capable of passing from one person to another, such as infectious disease
within the community
epedemic
affecting many people in a given region at the same time
exacerbation
worsening of disease, increase in severity of disease or its symptoms
iatrogenic
having no known cause.
in situ
localized noninvasive (literally in postion) said of tumors that do not spead, such as carcinoma in situ (CIS)
iatrogenic
caused by effects of treatment (from greek root iatro, meaning physician.)
normal flora
the microorganisms that normally live on or in the body. These organisms are generally harmless and often are benefical, but they can cause disease under special cirmcumtances, such as injury or failure of the immune system.
oppotunistic
describing an infection that occurs because of a hosts poor altered condition.
pandemic
describing a disease that is prevalent thoughout an entire region or the world. Aids is now pandemic in certain regions of the world.
ultrasound
echography produces images by ultrasound
inspection
visual examination used in diagnosis
dermatone
used to cut the skin
staging and grading
methods used to evalute cancer
lavage
washing out a body cavity is done by lavage
radiography
used Xrays to produce a picture
excised
when tissue is surgically removed
lavage
is washing
chemotherapy
the use of chemicals to treat disease
sign
measurable or observable evidence of a disease
diaphroesis
surgical instrument
otoscope
an instrument used to examine ears
syncope
a term used for fainting
herniorraphy
surgical repair of a hernia
hemostat
is used in surgery to stop blood loss
burotrauma
is an injury caused by pressure
gastropexy
suturing the stomach to the abdominal
encephalograh
measures the electrical activity of the heart
osteopathy
an imaging method
ergometer
measures work
cyanosis
is due to lack of oxygen
clubbing
effects the fingers and toes
drug
is a substance that alters body function.
FDA Federal Food and Drug Administration.
is the responsiblity for the safety and efficany of all drugs sold in the US lies with the federal food and drug admininstation, which must approve all drugs before they are sold.
anaphylaxis
is an immediate and severe allergic reaction that may be caused by a drug.
synery or potentiation
meaning that drugs together have a greater effect than either of the drugs acting alone.
antagonist
interfering with a drugs action
generic name
is usually a simple version of the chemical name for a drug and is not capitilized.
Trade name
is the brand name, propierary name, is a registered trademark of the manufacturer and is written with an inital capital letter.
phytomedicine
another name for hebal medication. herbal medication is not FDA approved.
ODS Office of Dietary Supplements
to support and coordinate research in this field.
anaphylaxis
an exteme allergic reacton that can lead to repiratory distress, circulatory, collapse and death
antagonist
a substance that interferes with or opposes the acton of a drug
contraindication
a factor that makes the use of drug undesirable or dangerous.
efficacy
the power to produce a specific result, effectiveness
synergy - synergistic
combined action of two or more drugs working together to produce an effect greater than any of the drugs could produce when acting alone. Also called synergistic
-lyic
dissolving, reducing, loosening.
-mimetic
mimicking,sympathetic
-tropic
acting on
anti-
against