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163 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
blood brain barrier
mechinanism that blocks specific substances found in the bloodstream from entering brain
cell body
division of a neuron that includes the nucleus, cell organelles, and surrounding cytoplasm, but not include the axon or dendrites
motor neurons
neurons that tranmits from the central nerves system to muscle of gland
nevous impulse
pysiological change tranmitted through certain tissue
nuerology
branch of medicine concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorder of nervous system
neurotranmitters
chemical substance that tranmit or inhibit nerve impulse at the synapes
psychiatry
branch of medicine concerned with diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
sensory neuron
neuron that tranmits from receptor in the skin, sense organs, and internal organ to the central nervous system
synapse
juction where a nerve impulse passes from an axon terminal to a neuron muscle cell or gland
neuroglia
nerve glue
brain
center for thought and emotion, interpretation of sensory stimuli and coordination of body function
spinal cord
main pathway for tranmission of information between the brain and body
cranial nerve
12 pairs of nerves the emerge from the bass of the skull and may act a motor or sensory capacity
spinal nerves
includes 31 pairs of nerves the emerge from the spine and act in motor and sensory capacities
somatic
tranmits sensory impulse to the central nervous system
sypathetic
division of the automic nervous system that prepares the body for fight or flight
parasympathic
divisiom of the autonomic nervous system that moderates or reserves the acgtion of the sypathetic nervous system
cerebrum
is largest part of brain it consists of two hemisheres
corpus callosum
joins these hemisheres, permites communication between both halves
cerebellum
occupies the posterior portion of brain function is movement
thalamus
recieves all stensory stimili except except the nose and process it sendeing it to the cerebal cortex
hypothalamus
auto nomis nerve impulse, regulates body tempature, and controlled endocrine fuctions
brainsteam
pair of 10 to 12 nerves that controll respiration, blood pressure, and heart rate
subarachnoid space
contain cerebrospinal fluid provides protection for brain and spinal cord
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cerebrotomy
incision of the cerebrum
crani/o
cranium (skull)
craniomalacia
softening of the cranial bones
dendr/o
tree
dendroid
resembling a branch of a tree
encephal/o
brain
enchalocele
herniation of the brain
ganglio
knot
galgliectomy
excision of the ganglion
gli/o
glue: neurogial tissue
glioma
tomor composed of neuroglial or supportive tissue of the nervous system
lex/o
word/phrase
dsylexia
difficulty using and interpreting writing forms of communication
kenesi
movement
bradykinesia
slow movement
lept
thin
leptomeningopathy
diesease of the leptomeninges
mening/o
meningi/o
meninges
meningocele
hernation of the meninges through skull and spinal column
meningioma
slow growing tomar ofginating in the meninges
myel/o
bone marrow
polimyelitis
inflammation of the gray matter of spinal cord
narc/o
stupo/ numbness /sleep
naurotic
producing stupor or sleep
neuro
nerve
neurolysis
loosing of adhesion surrounding a nerve
stheno
strength
hypersthenia
abnormal strength with excessive tension in all or part of body
radicul/o
nerve root
radiculalgia
pain in the nerve root
thec
sheath
intrathecal
space within the sheath
thalam/o
thalamus
thalamotomy
incision of the thalmus to relieve pain
ton/o
tension
ventricul/o
ventricle
venticulometry
meusurement of intraventricular tissue
algesia
algia
pain
analgesia
without pain
synalgia
referred pain
astenia
weakness
myasthenia
muslar weekness
esthesia
feeling
hyperestesia
increase of sensory imput
kinesia
movement
hyperkinesia
excessive movement
lepsy
suizures
epilespy
any disorder with suizures
paraesis
partial paralysis
hemiparasis
paralysis of one side of body
phasia
speech
aphasia
without speech
plegia
paralysis
quandiplegia
paralysis of four limps
plexy
stork
catapley
sudden brief loss of muscle control
taxia
order, coordination
ataxia
defective mucles cordination
trophy
development, nourishment
dystrophy
defective nutrition or metabolism
contra
against
contralateral
opposite side
pachy
thick
packymeningitis
inflammation of the dura mater
para
near or beside
syn
join
synestesia
stimulilation of one sense that cause a perceptiom in one or more diffence sense
uni
one
unilateral
pertaining to one side
parkinson disease
progressive neurological disorder affect brain movement shaking
affective disorder
characterized is abnormal mood, usually mania or depression
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder causing person to want to remain thin
anxiety
excessive worry with excessive thought
attention deficit disorder
impulsiveness, overactive, and inabilty to remain fucosed
bipolar disorder
unuasual shift in mood, emotion, energy, and ability to function
bulia
binging and purging
mania
mental and physical hyperactivity
pain attack
over whelming feeling of fear comes without warning
agnosia
inabilty to comprehend auditorhy, visual, spacial, olfactory, or other sensation even through the sensory sphere is intact
astenia
weekness, debility, or loss of strength
aura
premenitory awareness of an approaching physical or mental disorder
autism
mental disorder charactized by extreme withdrawal and an abnormal absortion in fantasty
clonic spasm
alternatnate contraction and relaxation of muscle
closed head trauma
injury to the head which the dura remians intact and brain tissue is not exposed
coma
abnormally deep unconiousness without absense of voluntary response
concussion
transient loss of consciousness as result from head trauma
dementia
refers to cognitive deficit
guillain-barre sydrome
acute polyneuritis the progessive weaknesss in extremities
herpes zoster
painful, acute infection disease of the posterior rott gangia of only a few segment of spinal cord shingles
huntington chorea
inherited decease of the cns usually has one onset in people between ages of 30 and 40
hydrocephalus
accumulation o0f fluid in the ventricaler of brain
lethargy
lack of response to stimuli
phychosis
reality is lost to the point the individuals is incapable of meeting challanges of daily life
spinal bifida
defect in which neural tube fials to close during embryogenius
meningcele
form of spina bifida in which the spinal cord devolepes property but the meninges protudes through the spine
myelomeningcele
most servere form of spina bifida the spinal cord and meninges protrudes through the spine
occultia
form of spinal bifida where one or more vertebrae are malformed and the spinal cord is covered with skin layer
parathesia
sensation of numbness, prickling, tingling, ot heightened sensitivity
reye syndrome
acute encephalopathy and fatty infiltration of brain, liver and possibly the organs
sciatica
severe pain in the legs that course of the scaitic, nerve felt at the base of the spine
syncope
loss of consciousess sudden decline of blood flow to brain
electroenchalography
recording of the electrical activity in the brain
electromyograph
recording of electical signals that occur in the muscle when it at rest and during contraction to acess nerve damage
lumbar puncture
needle puncture of the spinal cord to take spinal fluid fro test or to treat pain
magnetoencephalograph
noninvasive test record electromagnetic activity produced as nuerons discharged and map their pathways
nerve conduction velocity
measure the spped at which immpulse travel through a nerve
celebrospinal fluid analysis
chemical , microscopic, and microbuial teest used to diagniose disorders of central nerves system
angiography
radiology of blood vessel after introduction of contrast medium
myelography
radiology of spinal cord
echoencephalograph
ultrasould of the brain
cryosurgery
technigue that exposdes abnormal tissues to extreme cold to destoy
sterotaxic radiosurgery
Precise method of locating and destroying sharp circumscribed lesion of specific, tiny area of patholical tissue in deep seeted structures of nervous system
tractotomy
transection of a nerve tract in the brainsteam or spinal cord
trephination
cuts a circular oping into the skull to reveal brain tissue and decrease intracranial pressure
nagotomy
interruption of function of the vagus nerves to relive peptice ulcera
anesthetics
produces partial or complete loss of sensation, with or without loss of consciosness
antoconvulsant
supress or controls suizures
antiparkinsonian agent
reduce sighes of parkinsons diesease
hypotic
depress central nervous system fuction and promotes sediation and sleep
antipsychotics
treat hallucations, delusion, agitation , and paronoA SYMTHOMS
antidepressants
treat mulible symptoms of depression
psychostimulant
treat nacrolepsy and adhd
AD
ALZHEIMER DISEASE
ALS
AMYOTROPIC LATERAL SCHEROSIS
ANS
AUTONOMIC NERVOUSE SYSTEM
BEAM
BRAIN ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY MAPPING
CNS
CENTRAL NERVES SYSTEM
CP
CEREBRAL PALSY
CSF
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
CVA
CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT
ICP
INTRACRIAL PRESSURE
LOC
LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
LP
LUMBAR PUNCTURE
MS
MENTAL STATUS
NCV
NERVE CONDIDISION VELOCITY
PET
POSITRON CONTUCTION VELOCITY
SNS
SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
TIA
TRANSIENT ISCHEMIA ATTACK