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189 Cards in this Set

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1 liter = _________ milliliters

volume
________ liter = 1000 milliliter
1 milliter= _________ cubic centimeters

volume
________ mililter= 1 cubic centimeter
1 gram_= _________ milligrams


weight
_____ gram= 1000 milligrams
1 milligram=________microgram


weight
________= 1000 microgram
1 fluid ounce= ________drams


volume
________ fluid ounce= 8 drams
1 fluid dram= ________minims


volume
_____fluid dram= 60 minims
1 gallon= _________ quarts


household volume
_______gallon= 4 quarts
1 quart= _______ pints


household volume
_______ quarts= 4 pints
1 ounce= ________ teaspoons


household volume
___ ounce= 8 teaspoons
1 glass= _______ounces


household volume
______glass= 8 ounces
1 measuring cup=_________ounces

household volume
_______measuring cup= 8 ounces
1 teacup= ________ounces


household volume
________ teacup= 6 ounces
1 tablespoon=_______teaspoons


household volume
__ tablespoon= 3 teaspoons
1 teaspoon= ____ drops


household volume
______teaspoon= 60 drops
1 pound= ________ ounces

weight
household volume
____ pound= 16 ounces
1 yard= ______feet

length
houshold volume
___yard= 3 feet
1 foot= _____ inches

length
household volume
_____ foot= 12 inches
1 unit=_______milliunits

other
household volume
___ unit= 1000 milliunits
1 gr= ______ mg
_____ gr= 60 mg
15 gr= ___g
___gr= 1 g
7 "Rights" of Medication Administration
1- Right Patient
2- Right Drug
3- Right Dose
4- Right Time
5- Right Route
6- Right Documentation
7- Right to Refuse
National Drug Code Number
NDC
The number that must be printed on the lable. It is usually printed in two places.
ss


Roman numerals
1/2


Roman Numerals
I


Roman Numerals
1


Roman Numerals
IV


Roman Numerals
4

Roman Numerals
V


Roman Numerals
5


Roman Numerals
X


Roman Numerals
10

Roman Numerals
Who can administer drugs?
Physician
Physican assistant
Nurse Practioner
Chiropractor
RN
LPN
VN
Dentists
Prescriber writes order, pharmacist fills the order, and the nurse administers the drug.
" Everyone involved is equally responsible for the accuracy of the order and saftry of the patient"--not true the nurse really is.
always always alway alway use a zero before the decimal point
examples
0.83 CORRECT
.83 INCORRECT
Write 4.5% as a decimal
0.045

divide by 100 or simply move the decimal over the number of zeros.
* THE NUMBER SHOULD LOOK SMALLER.
Convert 0.62 to a fraction
multiply by 100 or simplify by moving the decimals the the number of zeros.
* THE NUMBER SHOULD LOOK LARGER
T OR F If the trade name is perscribed it must be used.
TRUE- It must be used and no substitutions are allowed.
IT CAN ONLY BE SUBSTITUTED IF... order states "substitue permitted" or if the generic is used.
3 routes of drug administration
injection (parenteral)
absorbtion through the skin or membranes (cutaneous)
and/or through the mouth (oral)
Medications are manufactured in three ways
liquid, solid, or vapor.
___________are medications that are injected into the body by various routes.
parenteral
Intramuscular
IM into the muscle
Subcutaneous
SC into the subcutaneous tissue
Intravenous
IV into the vein
Intracardiac
IC into the cardiac muscle
Intradermal
ID beneath the skin
Medications can be adminstered cutaneously
through the skin or mucous membrane. topical administration on the skin surface, transdermal through the skin, inhalation through the mouth or nose patches and suppositories.
Oral drugs are administered by _________.
mouth
po
these drugs can be both liquid or solid most common forms are tablets, capsules, and caplets.
sustained release
SR
extended release
XL
buccal administration
absorbed by the mucosa of the oral cavity
sublingual administration
absorbed under the tongue
Oral drugs also come in liquid form such as:
oral supensions or elixers
once a day
qd
twice a day
bid
three times a day
tid
four times a day
qid
q4h
every four hours
q8h
every eight hours
q12h
every 12 hours
idiosyncratic
unusual
Anticipate side effects
record any side effects noted and discuss them with the prescriber.
Another name for drug order
prescription
Complete order
1. patient name
2. drug name
3. the dose
4. the route of administration
5. frequency of administration
_
a
before
__
aa
of each
ac
before meals
ad
up to
ad lib
as desired
A.M., am
morning
amp
ampule
aq
aqueous water
bi
two
bid, BID
two time a day
_
c
with
C
celsisus; centigrade
cap
capsule
cc
cubic centimeter
CVP
central venous pressure
d
day
DC,dc
discontinue
dr or
dram
D/W
dextrose in water
D5W or D/5/W or D W
5% dextrose in water
Dx
diagnosis
elix
elixer
F
Fahrenheit
g
gram
gr
grain
gtt
drop
h,hr,H
hour
hs,HS
hour of sleep; bedtime
IC
intracardia
ID
intradermal
IM
Intramuscular
IV
intravenous
IVP
Intravenous push
IVPB
Intravenous piggyback
kg
kilogram
KVO
keep vein open
L
liter
LA
long acting
lb
pound
LIB
left in bag, left in bottle
mcg or ug
microgram
mEq
miiliequivalent
mg
milligram
min
minute
mL
milliliter
mU
milliunit
n
night
NKA
no know allergies
NPO
nothing per mouth
NS
normal saline
NSAID
nonsterodial antiimflammatory drug
od
every day
OD
right eye
OS
left eye
OU
both eyes
or oz
ounce
_
p
after
PEG
percutaneous
endoscopic
gastrostony tube
P
pulse
pc
aftermeals
PICC
peripherally
incerted
centeral catheter
P.M. , pm
afternoon, evenings
po, PO
by mouth
postop
after surgery
preop
before surgery
prn
when required or whenever necessary
pt
pint
q
every
qd
every day
qh
every hour
q2h
every 2 hours
q3h
every 3 hours
qid, QID
4 times a day
qod
every other day
qn
every night
qs
quantity sufficent or sufficent amount
R/O
rule out
R
respiration
_
s
without
sc, SC, SQ
subcutaneous
sl, SL
under the tongue (sublimgual)
SR
sustained release
__
ss ss
one-half
sos
if necessary
stat
immediately
susp
suspension
T
temperature
T or tbs
tablespoon
tab
tablet
tid, TID
three times a day
TPN
total parenteral nutrition
u
unit
wt
weight
>
greater than
<
lesser than
7
VII
10
X
15
XV
20
XX
25
XXV
30
XXX
1/2
ss
1 1/2
iss
2 1/2
iiss
7 1/2
viiss
milliunit
mU
unit
U or u
milliequivalent
mEq
centimenter
cm
meter
m
inch
in
foot
ft
yard
yd
grain
gr
kilogram
kg
gram
g
milligram
mg
microgram
or mcg
ounces
or oz
pound
lb
milliter
mL
liter
L
cubic centimeter
cc
microdrop
mcgtt or
drop
gtt
teaspoon
t or tsp
tablespoon
T or tbs
pint
pt
quart
qt
gallon
gal