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57 Cards in this Set

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What are the seven groups of dogs?
The seven groups of dogs are Herding, Hound, Toy, Terrier, Working, Non-Sporting, and Sporting.
What are the two types of dogs in the hound group?
The hound group is divided into two types, either by scent or sight.
What are some of the characteristics of sight hounds?
Sight hounds utilize their vision and speed to pursue prey, and are more nervous or high energy.
What are some of the characteristics of scent hounds?
Scent hounds utilize their keen sense of smell to track prey, spend a lot of time with noses to the ground, and have a tendency to be aggressive if bred to sniff out more aggressive prey.
Name some of the dogs that are considered sighthounds.
Sighthounds include: Greyhound, Whippet, Saluki, Afghan, Borzoi, Irish Wolfhound, Scottish Deerhound, and Pharoah Hound.
Name some of the dogs that are considered scenthounds.
Scenthounds include: Bloodhound, Basset, Harrier, Beagle, Coonhound, Foxhound, Dachsund, and Rhodesian Ridgeback.
What was the original purpose of hounds?
Hounds were originally used to pursue game and participate in the hunt.
What was the original purpose of herding dogs?
Herding dogs were bred to herd cattle, sheep, goats, deer, and chickens.
What uses have determined the selective sizing in breeding of herding dogs?
Herding dogs were originally large to defend flocks from wolves and bear, but were bred smaller as predator numbers have declined and need for agility has increased.
What are the two smallest dogs in the herding group?
The two smallest dogs in the herding group are the Corgi and the Sheltie.
Name some of the medium sized dogs in the herding group.
Medium sized dogs in the herding group include: Australian Shepherd, Border Collie, Australian Cattle Dog, and Puli.
Name some of the largest dogs in the herding group.
The largest dogs in the herding group include: Bearded Collie, Briard, German Shepherd Dog, Tervuren, Malinois, and Bouvier.
What are some of the characteristics of dogs belonging to the working group?
Working group dogs were bred to perform specific tasks, and their temperaments match their original task intent.
Name some of the dogs that belong to the working group.
Dogs belonging to the working group include: Boxer, Malamute, Bullmastiff, Doberman, Rottweiler, Komondor, Akita, Saint Bernard, Husky, Standard Schnauzer, Great Dane, Newfoundland, Samoyed, Portuguese Water Dog, and Great Pyrenees.
What was the original purpose of dogs that belong to the sporting group?
Sporting group dogs were bred specifically to be used for in to hunt, retrieve, or flush game.
What are some of the characteristics of dogs in the sporting group?
Dogs in the sporting group are generally high energy active dogs, as well as loyal and eager to please.
Which breed is responsible for the most dog bites of any breed?
The American Cocker Spaniel is responsible for more dog bites than any other breed.
Name some of the dogs that are included in the sporting group.
Dogs in the sporting group include: Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Cocker Spaniel, Springer Spaniel, Labrador, Clumber, Irish Setter, Gordon Setter, Golden Retriever, Pointer, Weimaraner, Vizsla, and German Wirehair Pointer.
What are some of the characteristics of dogs in the terrier group?
Terriers are very loyal, intelligent, inquisitive, active, fearless, tenacious, and bold.
What was the original purpose for the development of most of the dogs in the terrier group?
Most terriers were originally developed in Great Britain, and bred to hunt and kill ground dwelling pests.
Name some of the smaller members of the terrier group.
Smaller dogs in the terrier group include: Norwich, Norfolk, Border, Manchester, Cairn, Parsons Russell, Scottish, and West Highland.
Name some of the medium-sized dogs in the terrier group.
Medium-sized dogs in the terrier group include: Bedlington, Staffordshire Bull, Miniature Bull Terrier, Fox Terrier, Skye Terrier, Miniature Schnauzer, Wheaten, and Kerry Blue.
What was the purpose of breeding members of the toy group?
Dogs belonging to the toy group were bred specifically to be companions or pets.
What are some of the characteristics of the companion breeds, or dogs belonging to the toy group?
Dogs belonging to the toy group are usually small, docile, sociable and self sufficient, requiring less exercise than other dogs and adaptable to living in small spaces.
Name some of the dogs that belong to the toy group.
The toy group includes: Chihuahua, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Pomeranian, Papillion, Poodle, Pekinese, Pug, Shih Tzu, Chinese Crested, Japanese Chin, Maltese, Bichon Frise, Brussels Griffon, Havanese, and Italian Greyhound.
Name some of the dogs belonging to the non-sporting group.
Dogs in the non-sporting group include: American Eskimo, Bichon Frise, Boston Terrier, Bulldog, Shar-pei, Chow Chow, Dalmation, Spitz, Keeshond, Lhasa Apso, Lowchen, Poodle, Schipperke, Shiba Inu, Tibetan Spaniel, and Tibetan Terrier.
How did domestic cats originate?
Domestic cats arose from European wild cats, and have been selectively bred for particular physical characteristics.
How are cats divided into general categories?
Cats are divided into short, medium, and long coat breeds.
Name three cats that have unique coat differences.
Three coat differences in cats are the Wirehair, Sphynx, and Rex.
Name four cats that have unique physical differences.
Unique physical differences are illustrated in the American Curl (eartips curl), Manx (rumpy and stumpy), Scottish Fold (eartips fold over), and Munchkin (shortened leg structure).
Name some of the cats that fall into the long coat category.
Cats that fall into the long coat category include: Persian, Himalayan, Balinese, and Cymric.
Name some of the cats that fall into the medium coat category.
Cats that fall into the medium coat category include: Norwegian Forest Cat, Ragdoll, Turkish Van, Turkish Angora, Birman, Maine Coon, and Somali.
Name some of the cats that fall into the short coat category.
Cats that fall into the short coat category include: Domestic Shorthair, American Shorthair, British Shorthair, Siamese, Oriental Shorthair, Exotic Shorthair, Korat, Russian Blue, Abyssinian, Bombay, Singapura, and Chartreuse.
What is the difference between a British Shorthair and a Domestic Shorthair?
British Shorthairs are shorter and have a rounder head than the Domestic Shorthair.
What is the difference between the Domestic Shorthair and the American Shorthair?
Domestic Shorthairs are common housecats, while American Shorthairs are Domestic Shorthairs which are standardized into a breed.
Name some of the dairy breeds of cattle.
Dairy breeds of cattle include: Holsteins, Guernsey, Jersey, and Ayrshire.
Name some of the beef breeds of cattle.
Beef breeds of cattle include: Herefords, Angus, Longhorns, Brahmins, Charolais, Simmental, and Limousin.
Which of the beef breeds is most disease resistant?
The most disease resistant beef breed is the Brahmin.
Describe the milk fat content in the dairy breeds of Holsteins, Guernsey, and Jersey.
The Guernsey has the highest fat content in milk, with Holsteins having a medium fat content, and Jerseys having the lowest fat content.
What is the hardiest breed among beef cattle?
The hardiest breed among beef cattle is the Longhorn.
What are the general categories dividing the equine breed?
The equine breed is divided into ponies, light horses, warm bloods, and heavy horses.
What is the maximum height for a horse to be considered a pony?
Horses must not exceed 14.2 hands to be classified as ponies.
Name four of the most common horses in the pony category.
Four of the most common ponies are teh Welsh, Shetland, Connemara, and Norwegian Fjord.
Name some of the horses considered light or saddlehorses.
Horses in the light category include: Arabian, Thoroughbred, Standardbred, Tennessee Walker, Quarterhorse, Appaloosa, Paints, and Pasa Fino.
Name some of the horses in the warm blood category.
Horses considered warm bloods include: Hanovarian, Swedish Warmblood, Irish Draft, and Freisian.
What are some of the more common characteristics of horses in the warm blood category?
Warm blood horses were European in origin, crossed between light and draft horses, are larger and stockier than light horses, and are endurance horses due to size and athletic ability.
Name some of the horses in the draft or cold blooded category.
Heavy or draft horses include: Shire, Belgian, Clydesdale, Percheron, and Suffox Punch.
What are the three categories used to group sheep breeds?
Sheed are divided into groupings as to use, whether for meat, fleece, or dual purpose.
Name some of the meat sheep breeds.
Meat sheep breeds include: Suffolk, Hampshire, Shropshire, Oxford, Southdown, and Cheviot.
Name some of the sheep belonging to the fleece category.
Fleece sheep breeds include: Delaine Merino, Rambouillet, Debouillet, Correidale, and Targhee.
Name some of the sheep breeds that are considered dual purpose.
Dual purpose sheep breeds include: Columbia, Dorset, Lincoln, and Romney.
What are the three general groupings of goat breeds?
Goat breeds are grouped by use, either for milk, wool, or as pets.
Name some of the milk goat breeds.
Milk goat breeds include: Alpine, Nubian, Saanen, Toggenberg, and La Mancha.
Which goat is utilized for its hair?
The Angora goat is utilized for its wool or hair.
Which breed of goat is solely used as a pet or companion animal?
Pygmy goats are only used as pets or companion animals.
Name some of the breeds in the swine family.
The swine family includes: Berkshire, Chesterwhite, Duroc, Hampshire, Landrace, Poland China, Yorkshire, Tamworth, and Spot.
What is the difference between the Chesterwhite, the Landrace, and the Yorkshire?
Chesterwhites have small semi-erect ears, the Landrace has large droopy ears, and the Yorkshire has erect ears.