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28 Cards in this Set

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Ar.
= Arabic
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
AS.
= Anglo Saxon
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
Ch.
= Chinese
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
Eng.
= English
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
Ger.
= German
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
Gr.
= Greek
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
Ital.
= Italian
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
L.
= Latin
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
ME.
= Middle English
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
ML.
= Medieval Latin
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
Mod.L.
= Modern Latin
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
OE.
= Old English
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
OF.
= Old French
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
Sp.
= Spanish
This abbreviation is used to describe the origin of the words in this card set.
abdomen
The orgin of this term is not known. Perhaps it is derived from the Latin abdere = to hide; hence it might mean the cavity in which odds and ends are hidden away.
Others believe it has come from the Latin root adeps = fat.
abducens
See ABDUCTOR.
abductor
L. ab = away from, and ducere = to lead.
These muscles are named for their function, and the abducens nerve similarly is named because it turns the eyeball outward.
accessory
L. accedere = to be added to; from ad = to, and cedere = to come.
The accessory nerve is functionally accessory to the vagus.
accommodation
L. accommodare = to make fit; from ad = to, and commodare = to adjust.
acetabulum
L. acetum = vinegar, and -bulum, a suffix signifying the instrument.
This cup-shaped part of the hip was thought to resemble a small vinegar cruet of roman times.
acetylcholine
L. acetum = vinegar, and Gr.
chole = bile.
From acetum came acetic and acetyl; from chole came choline.
It is the acetyl derivative of choline.
achilles
Gr. The infant Achilles was dipped into the river Styx by his mother to render him impervious to wounds. She held him by his heel, which remained vulnerable, and it was in the heel that he was fatally wounded by an arrow at the battle of Troy.
achondroplasia
Gr. a = not, chondros = cartilage, plasis = a molding, and -ia = condition.
In other words, a failure of normal development of cartilage.
acinus
L. acinus = grape.
acoustic
Gr. akoustikos = pertaining to hearing.
Hence the auditory nerve.
acromegaly
Gr. akron = tip or extremity, and megas = large.
acromion
Gr. akron = tip or summit, and omos = shoulder.
The word akron gives the combing forms acra- or acro-.The famous Acroplois in Athens was built on a summit.
adductor
L. ad = to, and ducere = to lead.
The muscles so named draw the part toward the medial line.