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51 Cards in this Set

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duplex mode
A communications mode with the ability to transmit and receive traffic simultaneously through two different frequencies, one to transmit and one to receive.
EMS communications
The delivery of patient and scene information (either in person, in writing, or through communications technology) to other members of the emergency response team.
Federal Communications Commission
A federal agency with jurisdiction over interstate and international telephone and telegraph services and satellite communications.
multiplex mode
A communications mode with the ability to transmit two or more different types of information simultaneously, in either or both directions, over the same frequency.
simplex mode
A communications mode with the ability to transmit or receive in one direction at a time. Simultaneous transmission cannot occur.
SOAP format
A memory aid used to organize written and verbal patient reports; it includes subjective data, objective data, assessment data, and plan of patient management.
telemedicine
Technological communications that allow for the transmission of photographs, video, and other information to be sent directly from the scene to a hospital for physician evaluation and consultation.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
One of a group of rare disorders in which the nerves that control muscular activity degenerate in the brain and spinal cord; also called Lou Gehrig disease.
Bell palsy
A condition in which paralysis of the facial muscles is caused by inflammation of the seventh cranial nerve; the condition usually is one sided and temporary and often develops suddenly.
central pain syndrome
Infection or disease of the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V).
cluster headache
A type of headache that occurs in burts (clusters); also known as a histamine headache.
dystonia
A condition characterized by local or diffuse changes in muscle tone, resulting in painful muscle spasms, unusually fixed postures, and strange movement patterns.
epilepsy
A condition characterized by a tendency of the individual to have recurrent seizures (excluding those that arise from correctable or avoidable circumstances).
migraine
A severe, incapacitating headache that is often preceded by visual and/or gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances.
multiple sclerosis
A progressive disease of the central nervous system in which scattered patches of myelin in the brain and spinal cord are destroyed.
muscular dystrophy
An inherited muscle disorder of unknown cause marked by a slow but progressive degeneration of muscle fibers.
myoclonus
A condition characterized by rapid, uncontrollable contractions or spasms of muscles that occur at rest or during movement.
Parkinson disease
A disease caused by degeneration or damage (of unknown origin) to nerve cells in the basal ganglia.
peripheral neuropathy
Diseases and disorders that affect the peripheral nervous system, including the spinal nerve roots, cranial nerves, and peripheral nerves.
seizure
A temporary chamge in behavior or consciousness caused by abnormal electrical activity in one or more groups of neurons in the brain.
spina bifida
A congenital defect in which part of one or more vertebrae fails to develop completely, leaving a portion of the spinal cord exposed.
status epilepticus
Continuous seizure activity lasting 30 minutes or longer, or a recurrent seizure without an intervening period of consciousness.
tension headache
A headache caused by muscle contraction in the face, neck, and scalp.
acute gastroenteritis
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines with an associated sudden onset of vomiting, diarrhea, or both.
acute hepatitis
An inflammatory condition of the liver associated with the sudden onset of malaise, weakness, anorexia, intermittent nausea and vomiting, and dull right upper quadrant pain, usually followed within one week by the onset of jaundice, dark urine, or both, characterized by jaundice.
appendicitis
An acute inflammation of the appendix.
bowel obstruction
An occlusion of the intestinal lumen that results in blockage of normal flow of intestinal contents.
cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder, most often associated with the presence of gallstones.
chronic gastroenteritis
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines that accompanies numerous gastrointestinal disorders.
Crohn's disease
A chronic, inflammatory bowel disease of unknown origin, usually affecting the ileum, the colon, or both structures.
diverticulitis
Inflammation of one or more diverticula.
diverticulosis
The presence of pouchlike herniations through the muscular layer of the colon.
esophagogastric varices
A complex of longitudinal, tortuous veins at the lower end of the esophagus that become large and swollen as a result of portal hypertension.
hemorrhoids
Swollen, distended veins (internal, external, or both) in the rectoanal area.
involuntary guarding
An unconscious rigid contraction of the abdominal muscles; a sign of peritoneal inflammation.
pancreatitis
Inflammation of the pancreas, which causes severe epigastric pain.
peptic ulcer disease
Illness that results from a complex pathological interaction among the acidic gastric juice and proteolytic enzymes and the mucosal barrier.
rebound tenderness
A sign of peritoneal inflammation in which pain is caused by the sudden release of fingertip pressure on the abdomen.
referred pain
Visceral pain felt at a site distant from its origin.
somatic pain
Pain that arises from skeletal muscles, ligaments, vessels, or joints.
ulcerative colitis
An inflammatory condition of the large intestine characterized by sever diarrhea and ulceration of the mucosa of the intestine.
visceral pain
Deep pain that arises from smooth vasculature or organ systems.
botulism
An often fatal from of food poisoning caused by the bacillus Clostridium botulinum.
delirium tremens
An acute and sometimes fatal psychotic reaction caused by cessation of excessive intake of alcohol over a long period of time; also known as DTs.
envenomation
The injection of snake, arachnid, or insect venom into the body.
gastric lavage
Irrigation of the stomach with sterile water or normal saline.
Korsakoff's psychosis
A form of amnesia often seen in alcoholics, characterized by a loss of short-term memory and an inability to learn new skills.
Lyme disease
An acute, recurrent inflammatory infection transmitted by a tick.
nematocyst
A capsule containing threadlike, venomous stinging cells found in some coelenterates.
nystagmus
Involuntary rhythmic movements of the eyes.
sinus headache
A headache characterized by pain in the forehead, nasal area, ans eyes.