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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
rhinitis?
inflammation of the nasal mucosa
rhinitis medicamentosa?
rhinitis from overuse of nose drops or sprays
coryza?
the common cold
allergen?
substance that causes an allergic reaction
rhinorrhea?
watery drainage from the nose
sinusitis?
inflammation of the mucous membranes of one or more of the sinuses
antral irrigation?
irrigation of an inflamed sinus with a saline solution, an antibiotic solution, or both
pharyngitis?
sore throat; inflammation of the mucous membranes of the pharynx
odynophagia?
pain on swallowing
hyperemia?
redness due to an increase in the quantity of blood flow to a body part
epiglottitis?
infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures
tonsillitis?
inflammation of the tonsils and lymphatic tissues located on each side of the throat
peritonsillar abscess?
a complication of acute tonsillitis; caused when the infection spreads to the surrounding tissue and forms an abscess
trismus?
tonic contraction of the chewing muscles
I&D?
incision and drainage
laryngitis?
inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the larynx
aphonia?
voice loss
influenza?
a highly contagious acute viral respiratory infection
pneumonia?
a disorder involving an excess of fluid in the lungs resulting from an inflammatory process
nosocomial?
a disorder acquired from being treated in a hospital
atelectasis?
alveolar collapse
hypoxemia?
insufficient oxygen in the blood
consolidation?
solidification, lack of air spaces
leukocytosis?
an elevated white blood cell count
severe acute repiratory syndrome (SARS)?
a viral repiratory infection
aerosolization?
transmission through the air
caseation necrosis?
necrotic tissue being turned into a granular mass
Ghon tubercle?
the primary lesion of a tuberculosis infection
calcification?
hardening of necrotic tissue by impregnation with calcium
liquefaction?
conversion of the necrotic tissue to a liquid
cavitation?
development of a cavity in place of liquefied tissue
miliary/hematogenous TB?
spread of TB throughout the body when organisms enter the blood
anergy?
lack of a reaction to substances that would normally cause a reaction
pleuritic chest pain?
a stabbing pain on taking a deep breath
spore?
an encapsulated organism that is inactive
empyema?
a collection of pus in the pleural space
retrograde?
backward