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41 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
chronic airflow limitation?
one of a group of chronic lung diseases including asthma, chronic bronchitis, and pulmonary emphysema
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?
diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis which are characterized by bronchospasm and dyspnea and where the tissue damage is not reversible and increases in severity
lumen?
the inside
atopic asthma?
the most common type of asthma; caused by inflammation in the respiratory airways due to allergens
bronchospasm?
narrowing of the bronchial tubes through constriction of the smooth muscle around and within the bronchial walls
dyspnea?
shortness of breath
forced vital capacity?
volume of air exhaled from full inhalation to full exhalation
forced expiratory volume in the first second?
volume of air blown out as hard and fast as possible in the first second of the most forceful exhalation after the greatest full inhalation
peak expiratory rate flow?
fastest airflow rate reached at any time during exhalation
cor pulmonale?
right-sided heart failure caused by pulmonary disease
orthopnea?
increased breathlessness when lying down
hypoxemia?
decreased oxygen in the blood
hypercarbia?
increased carbon dioxide in the blood
recipient?
person receiving a transplant
anastomoses?
connections
fibrotic lung diseases?
diseases affecting the alveoli, blood vessels, and surrounding support tissue of the lungs rather than the airways
restrictive?
preventing good expansion and recoil of the gas exchange unit
sarcoidosis?
disorder of unknown cause involving the growth of granulomas in an organ
granulomas?
growths containing lymphocytes, macrophages, epithelioid cells, and giant cells
alveolitis?
alveolar inflammation
fibrosis?
formation of scar tissue in the lungs
lung compliance?
lung elasticity
palliation?
relief of symptoms
metastatize?
spread
hematogenous?
bloodborne
emboli?
tumor pieces
paraneoplastic syndromes?
additional manifestations of lung cancer which are caused by hormones secreted by tumor cells
fremitus?
increased vibrations felt on the chest wall
alopecia?
hair loss
mucositis?
open sores on mucous membranes
thrombocytopenia?
decreased numbers of platelets
emetogenic?
inducing nausea and vomiting
lobectomy?
removal of a lobe of the lung
pneumonectomy?
removal of an entire lung
segmentectomy?
a lung resection including the bronchus, pulmonary artery and vein, and tissue of the involved lung segment or segments
wedge resection?
removal of the peripheral portion of small, localized areas of disease
chest tube?
a drain placed in the pleural space to restore intrapleural pressure
dysphagia?
difficulty swallowing
thoracentesis?
removal of fluid by inserting a large needle or catheter into the intrapleural space
sclerosing?
an irritant which causes inflammation
pleurodesis?
an inflammation that causes the pleura to stick to the chest wall and prevent formation of effusion fluid